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Geography, Time, and the Representation of Cultural Change Experience from a Large Collaboration:

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Knowbynet, Berlin. 4. WHAT Subject ... Knowbynet, Berlin. 12 ... Knowbynet, Berlin. 18. Entry Vocabulary Index suggests correct LCSH with different spelling ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geography, Time, and the Representation of Cultural Change Experience from a Large Collaboration:


1
Geography, Time, and the Representation of
Cultural Change Experience from a Large
Collaboration The Electronic Cultural Atlas
Initiative (ECAI) Michael Buckland Electronic
Cultural Atlas Initiative University of
California, Berkeley Knowledge by
Networking Berlin, June 22, 2007
2
  • ECAI Mission Transform education and research
    through better understanding of place, time and
    culture.
  • Five ideas . . .
  • 1. Understanding requires knowing the context.
  • 2. Using Internet resources should be like using
    reference books in a library and as easy and as
    reliable.
  • 3. Design Find the context of any museum
    object, document, or performance What is
    related to it in what it is, where it came from,
    when it originated, and who is associated with
    it?
  • WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, and WHO (4W) as a structure.
  • Make better use of existing descriptive metadata.

3
4W Search Support
Facet Vocabulary Displays WHAT Thesaurus
Cross- references WHERE
Gazetteer Map WHEN Period directory
Timeline WHO Biograph. dict. Interpersonal
e.g. Whos Who relationships
Any catalog Archives, Libraries, Museums, TV,
Publishers
Any resource Audio, Images, Texts, Numeric data,
Objects, Virtual reality, Webpages
4
  • WHAT Subject headings
    Cross-references

Kung fu movies SEE Martial Arts films FORMERLY
Hand-to-hand fighting, oriental, in motion
pictures
Automobile in four dialects - PASS MOT VEH,
SPARK IGN ENG
(U.S. Import/Export statistics) - TL 205
(Library of Congress Classification) - 180/280
(US Patent classification) - 3711 (Standard
Industrial Classification)
NEED TO MAP TO BETWEEN UNFAMILIAR VOCABULARIES
HS 847120 Digital auto data proc mach contng in
the same housing a CPU and input output
device.(International Harmonized Commodity
Classification System).
Computer!
5
  • WHERE Place name gazetteer
    Map

Dots link to portal
Ctesiphon (Ancient site)
6
WHAT is WHERE? Catalog gazetteer map.
Search for books on Folklore, then
geographical sort.
7
WHERE is WHAT? Draw box on map around South
America. Gazetteer names capital cities (PPLC)
for search in catalog.
8
WHEN Named Time Periods
Timeline People speak of time by naming periods
and events - In reign of Charlemagne - During
the Weimar Republic - After the Vietnam War -
When I was a student This practice is culturally
situated -- and resembles the use of place names.
We developed a Named Time Period Directory like
a place name gazetteer Place name
gazetteer Place name Type of place Lat.
Long. when Named period directory Period name
Type of period Chron. Time -- where
9
Example WHAT happened in IRELAND in 1690s?
Time Period Directory records in Google Earth.
Zoom to Ireland and 1690s. Icon for Siege of
Limerick, 1690. Click link for library search.
Catalog records list books and show context.
10
WHEN Time Period Directory Timeline
Search LC Catalog Search Wikipedia
11
WHO Biographical Dictionary Complex
relationships
Life events metadata WHAT Actions
prisoner WHERE Places Holstein WHEN Times
1261-1262 WHO People Margaret Sambiria
But for knowbynet we need external links! New
project Automatic context finding for biography.
Example Electronic search engine pioneer.
12
Emanuel Goldberg, b. Moscow, 1881 son of
Grigorii Goldberg Univ. of Moscow, 1900-04 Ph.D
w. Robert Luther, Leipzig Univ., 1906 Assistant,
Adolf Miethe, TU Charlottenburg, 1906-07 Prof,
Akad. f. graphische Künste, Leipzig, 1907-17
ICA, Zeiss Ikon, Dresden, 1917-1933 Kinamo cine
camera, 1921 microdots, 1925 search engine,
1927 Contax 35 mm camera 1932 kidnapped by Nazi
SA refugee in Paris, 1933-37 Laboratory,
Palestine, Israel, 1937 d. 1970.
WHO? Click a name to search for an internet
resource.
13
Emanuel Goldberg, b. Moscow, 1881 son of
Grigorii Goldberg Univ. of Moscow, 1900-04 Ph.D
w. Robert Luther, Leipzig Univ., 1906 Assistant,
Adolf Miethe, TU Charlottenburg, 1906-07 Prof,
Akad. f. graphische Künste, Leipzig, 1907-17
ICA, Zeiss Ikon, Dresden, 1917-1933 Kinamo cine
camera, 1921 microdots, 1925 search engine,
1927 Contax 35 mm camera 1932 kidnapped by Nazi
SA refugee in Paris, 1933-37 Laboratory,
Palestine, Israel, 1937 d. 1970.
WHERE?
14
Emanuel Goldberg, b. Moscow, 1881 son of
Grigorii Goldberg Univ. of Moscow, 1900-04 Ph.D
w. Robert Luther, Leipzig Univ., 1906 Assistant,
Adolf Miethe, TU Charlottenburg, 1906-07 Prof,
Akad. f. graphische Künste, Leipzig, 1907-17
ICA, Zeiss Ikon, Dresden, 1917-1933 Kinamo cine
camera, 1921 microdots, 1925 search engine,
1927 Contax 35 mm camera 1932 kidnapped by Nazi
SA refugee in Paris, 1933-37 Laboratory,
Palestine, Israel, 1937 d. 1970.
WHAT?
15
Technical comment WHAT, WHERE, WHEN indexes are
often complex. Links create infrastructure! Librar
y subject headings Topic Geographic
subdivision Chronological subdivision Place
name gazetteer Place name Type Spatial
markers (Lat long) When Time Period
Directory Period name Type Time markers
(Calendar) Where
16
Any document, object, or performance
Connect it with its context and other resources.
Facet Vocabulary Displays WHAT
Thesaurus Cross- e.g. LCSH
references WHERE Gazetteer Map WHEN
Period directory Timeline WHO Biograph.
dict. Personal e.g. Whos Who relations
Any catalog Archives, Libraries, Museums, TV,
Publishers
Any resource Audio, Images, Texts, Numeric data,
Objects, Virtual reality, Webpages
17
A 4W search interface http//ecai.org/imls4w/
18
Search term recommender service for LC Subject
Headings
Buttons for searchable resources local catalogs
19
Potentially related people
20
Potentially related periods
21
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22
Find out more about this area.
23
Different Browsing Options!
24
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25
Interface generates menu page
26
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27
ECAI Cultural Atlases presenting history in its
geographical chronological contexts
28
The Electronic Cultural Atlas InitiativeAdvancing
scholarship through increased attention to place
and time.http//ecai.org http//ecai.org/iml
s2004
Understanding means knowing context.
Go geo-temporal! Use dynamic links! Provide
context!

This represents the work of many people,
including Dr Vivien Petras (GESIS-IZ, Bonn). We
thank the US Institute of Museum and Library
Services, the National Science Foundation, and
the Luce Foundation for their support. Come to
the next ECAI conferences! Berkeley, Oct 17-20,
2007 Perth, Australia, April 22-24, 2008.
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