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Monitoring the Urban Quality of Life in Latin America: An Introduction

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'Livability' of the environment (e.g. income per capita and growth) ... Colombia: Bogot , Medell n. Costa Rica: San Jos . Peru: Lima. Uruguay: Montevideo ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Monitoring the Urban Quality of Life in Latin America: An Introduction


1
Monitoring the Urban Quality of Life in Latin
America An Introduction
  • Eduardo Lora
  • Research Department
  • Inter-American Development Bank
  • October, 2008

2
The Concept of QoL
  • Living conditions (e.g. basic needs)
  • Capabilities (e.g. UNDP human development Index)
  • Livability of the environment (e.g. income per
    capita and growth)
  • Life appreciation and happiness
  • …all these are interconnected

3
Beyond Facts Understanding Quality of Life
  • SETTING THE STAGE
  • Quality of Life through a New Lens
  • The Reality of Perceptions
  • The Conflictive Relationship between Satisfaction
    and Income
  • Satisfaction beyond Income
  • FACTS AND PERCEPTIONS IN ACTION
  • Getting a Pulse on Health Quality
  • Learning about Educational Quality and
    Perceptions
  • Rethinking Conventional Wisdom on Job Quality
  • Building Quality Cities More than Bricks and
    Mortar
  • THE CURTAIN CALL
  • Making Political Sense of Quality of Life
    Perceptions

4
New Sources of Information on QoL
  • General the Gallup World Poll
  • Annual since 2006
  • 130 countries, 22 from LAC
  • 1000 individuals by country
  • over 100 QoL-related questions
  • Urban pilot surveys in 8 cities
  • Argentina Buenos Aires
  • Bolivia La Paz, Santa Cruz
  • Colombia Bogotá, Medellín
  • Costa Rica San José
  • Peru Lima
  • Uruguay Montevideo

5
Understanding QoL perceptions
  • Not a direct reflection of reality
  • Not a substitute for objective data
  • Very influenced by culture
  • Country rankings dont tell much

6
Perceptions are not a direct reflection of
reality
Source Authors' calculations based on Gallup
(2006 and 2007), World Bank (2007) and UNDP
(2008). Countries are the unit of observation.
Public services are water, electricity and
landline phone service. Ownership rates only
available for Sub-saharian Africa and Latin
America and the Caribbean.
7
Perceptions are not a direct reflection of
reality
Source Authors calculations based on Gallup
(2006 and 2007)
8
Perceptions of Own Housing and of Own City
Source Authors calculations based on Gallup
(2006 and 2007)
9
Cultural biases and satisfaction with own city
10
Understanding QoL perceptions
  • Not a direct reflection of reality
  • Not a substitute of objective data
  • Very influenced by culture
  • Country rankings dont tell much
  • Subject to self-serving biases
  • Public and private domains not directly
    comparable
  • Limited by information, aspirations
  • Not a good yardstick of the quality of policies
  • Maximizing happiness not a good policy
    objective

11
Two examples of self-serving biases housing and
job satisfaction
Source Authors calculations based on Gallup
(2006 and 2007)
12
The role of information and aspirations
satisfaction with education
13
Understanding QoL perceptions
  • However…
  • Answers do reflect how people feel
  • Richness of information at individual level
  • Hosts of things matter
  • Owns income and othersincome
  • And many things beyond income
  • Some things matter more than others
  • Helps understand market and politicial attitudes.

14
The richer, the more satisfied with their homes
and cities
15
…but the richer those around you, the lower the
satisfaction with the material aspects of life
16
Satisfaction beyond income
17
Housing satisfaction Water, phone and title
deeds matter
Source IDB, Beyond Facts Understanding Quality
of Life. Chapter 8.
18
Services coverage is high, though far from
universal
Source Cristini and Moya (2008) based on SEDLAC.
19
And home ownership is pretty high, even for the
poor…
20
But many poor families lack title deeds
21
How Latin Americans judge their cities
Source IDB, Beyond Facts Understanding Quality
of Life. Chapter 8.
22
The most serious concern security
Western Europe
Sub-Sah Africa
East Asia
23
How important each of these things is for their
satisfaction with the city
Source IDB, Beyond Facts Understanding Quality
of Life. Chapter 8.
24
A ranking of city problems (combining
dissatisfaction and importance)
Source IDB, Beyond Facts Understanding Quality
of Life. Chapter 8.
25
What comes next
  • A more rigorous explanation of the theory and the
    methods Bernard Van Praag
  • A detailed example, Buenos Aires Guillermo
    Cruces
  • A summary of the city cases Andrew Powell
  • Can this be useful? Enrique Peñalosa
  • Panel debate and conclusions
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