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LAHORE the heart of Pakistan

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Lahore - second largest city of Pakistan. Many historical monuments ... Air Monitoring Data of Lahore, October 2004. Air Quality Monitoring ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: LAHORE the heart of Pakistan


1
LAHOREthe heart of Pakistan
  • City District Government
  • Lahore
  • 13th to 15th December 2004

2
Background
3
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4
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5
Climate
6
Major Environmental Concerns
  • Air Pollution
  • Water Contamination
  • Solid Waste Disposal
  • Hazardous Waste Disposal
  • Noise Pollution
  • Municipal Sewerage Waste Disposal

7
Main Sources of Air Pollution
8
Vehicular Emissions
Main Sources of Air Pollution
9
Burning of Municipal Solid Waste
Main Sources of Air Pollution
10
Cottage/ Major Industrial Pollution
Main Sources of Air Pollution
11
Air Monitoring Data of Lahore March 2001
Based on 24 Hour Monitoring Source EPA Punjab
12
Air Monitoring Data of Lahore, October 2004
Source EPA Punjab
13
Air Quality Monitoring
  • One Air Quality Monitoring Lab (Mobile) is
    available with the Punjab EPA.
  • Lack of Air Monitoring Equipment
  • No readily available data for the Air Quality
  • Most of the assessments are made on visual
    assessments
  • Winters are worse when smog and fog engulfs the
    city.

14
Effects of Air Pollution
  • Health Problems
  • Bronchial Irritation
  • Heart Problems
  • Anemia
  • Asthma
  • Eye Irritation
  • Reparatory Diseases
  • Serious consequences relation to new born and
    unborn babies.

15
Awareness
  • Lack of Awareness about the Environmental issues
    in general as well as the adverse affects of poor
    Air Quality and the Remedial measures amongst
  • General Public
  • Politicians
  • Vehicle Operators
  • Managers
  • This Non- Awareness especially pertains to the
    Air Pollutants i.e. PM10, SO2, CO, NOx.
  • Absence of permanent monitoring facilities.

16
Political Will
  • Lack of Political Will
  • For the Enforcement of the Environmental Law
  • For the Sustainable Policy on the Environment
  • For Environment Friendly Projects
  • For priority based budgetary allocations to the
    Environment sector

17
Sustainable Development
  • More priority on the Infrastructure Development
  • Less or NO priority to the Sustainable
    Development Policies
  • No Environmental Impact Assessment for the major
    projects

18
Vehicular Problem/ Pollution
  • Lack of proper Transport Policy
  • Weak coordination mechanism between various stake
    holders associated with Transport
  • Transport Policy/ guidelines which are not
    Environment friendly
  • One nuisance replaces another nuisance
  • Tonga/ Horse carts were replaced by Motorcycle
    rickshaws which have brought more nuisance and
    air pollution to the city.

Motor-cycle Rickshaw- Bigger Nuisance
19
Motor-cycle Rickshaw- Bigger Nuisance
Two Stroke Rickshaws are major source of
Vehicular Air Pollution
20
Transport Policy Motorcycle and Auto- Rickshaws
are the most Polluting and Unsafe
21
More Traffic on the Roads and still NO PLANNING
OR PROPER POLICY
22
Two Stroke Vehicles
  • Major source of Vehicular Air Pollution
  • No Policy to check the emission of Two stroke
    vehicles
  • No equipment for the annual passing of the two
    stroke vehicles
  • No investment has gone into the fresh research of
    the two stroke manufacturers
  • Local Manufacturers of Two stroke rickshaws rely
    on old and obsolete technology.

23
Policy for Aging Vehicles
  • No clear cut policy for the elimination of aging
    transport
  • Commuter Wagons and Buses over 20 years are still
    plying on the city roads

24
Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Programs
  • Vehicles still dont meet environmental standards
    even in the presence of Motor Vehicle Examiners
    (MVEs).
  • No update of the knowledge
  • Lack of Vehicle Emission Testing Equipment

25
Increase in Vehicles
  • On average 10,000 vehicles are being registered
  • every Month
  • Leasing Companies and Banks have played a major
  • role in the un-precedented increase in the
    vehicles

26
Urbanization of the City
  • No Master Plan of the City in place.
  • Lack of land use planning leading to Haphazard
    urbanization
  • No Environmental Impacts Assessment for any
    housing scheme
  • Ill- planned commercial Centers
  • Non-sustainable policies

27
Monument and Building Degradation
Badshahi Mosque under threat from the air
pollution
28
Poor Support from the Civil Society
  • There is little or no support from the NGOs or
    Private/ Civil Societies
  • Public Pressure is not present
  • Public interest is lacking

29
Legal Problems
  • Due to lack of Standards proper implementation
    under PEPA 1997 is lacking
  • PEPA-1997 at this stage is not affective
  • Air Quality Standards not in place
  • Action is being taken under section 61 of the
    Punjab Local Government Ordinance 2001
  • On few occasions cases under Pakistan Penal Code
    has also been registered with the Police.
  • No legislation for Motors
  • No dedicated courts

30
Pakistan Environment Protection Act 1997
  • The powers of the Act have not been delegated to
    the District level hence the whole procedure
    takes longer time.
  • Environment Tribunal has been working but without
    the proper NEQS Rules, no case has been decided
    as yet.
  • Implementation of the Act and remedial measures
    take too long.

31
Punjab Local Government Ordinance 2001
  • Section 61 states
  • Damaging or polluting physical environment,
    inside or outside private or public premises, in
    a manner to endanger public health.
  • One month imprisonment and fine of up to Rs.
    5,000 fine.
  • In the last two years, fine of over Rs.3.5 lacs
    has been collected from the polluting industry.

32
Implementation
  • Getting any Environmental law implemented is the
    major hurdle for any remedial measures
  • In the absence of the Magistracy, Police has to
    play a role of implementation agency
  • BUT
  • No commitment has yet been shown by the police in
    any environmental field

33
Budgetary Priorities
  • Very less priority is given to the Environmental
    field in the financial sector
  • Few environment related projects are given funds

34
Promotion of CNG
  • Over 85 stations have been given NOC in the last
    three years
  • CNG is in demand due to economic benefits.
  • Lack of policy guidelines from the Government.

35
City Governments Response to the Problems-
Steps Taken
  • Road Infrastructure
  • Introduction of Urban Franchised System
  • Raids at petrol Stations to check adulteration of
    both Oil and Petrol.
  • Periodic Campaigns against smoke emitting
    vehicles
  • Setting deadline for the banning of manufacturing
    of Two Stroke

TOWN HALL
36
Way Forward
  • Installation of Air Monitoring Station
  • Air Quality Standards to be prescribed
  • Monitoring on regular basis
  • Proper Land use planning
  • Sustainable Urban Transport Planning
  • Stringent environmental Law to be promulgated
  • Dedicated staff and Courts for deterring the
    punishments and Fines.

37
contd.
  • VEHICLES
  • Gradual induction of CNG buses
  • No new registration of two stroke engine vehicles
  • Roadworthy certificate mandatory for all vehicles
  • Stringent actions against smoke emitting vehicles
  • Introduction of FOUR stroke three wheelers
  • FUELS
  • Fuel Quality monitoring/ surveillance
  • Regular and stringent checking of petrol pumps
    for adulteration.
  • Campaign to promote CNG as an environmental
    friendly fuel
  • Introduction of low sulphur diesel.

38
Way Forward
  • IMPROVED INFRASTRUCTURE
  • Better network of roads and maintenance of
    damaged and unpaved roads
  • Improvement in existing traffic engineering and
    planning
  • Plantation of trees and green belts
  • Public Private Partnership in Air Quality
    Management
  • Health Impact Studies
  • Comprehensive source apportionment studies
  • Strengthening technical and institutional
    capacity
  • Strengthening Air Quality Monitoring, Data
    Management and Analysis
  • Improve understanding of Emission Sources.
  • Proper Legislation/ rules and Standards.

39
CAMPAIGNS FOR A GREENER LAHORE
  • Strict action against the burning of the Solid
    Waste
  • Strict action against Smoke Emitting Vehicles
  • Strict action against adulteration of Mobil oil.
  • Action against polluting Brick Kilns

40
THANK YOU!
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