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Total Force Air Force Team

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Air Force Combat Capability. Supplied by ANG 14% Cost Efficiency. Other cost-saving benefits (for the Air Force) No paid leave. No family health care ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Total Force Air Force Team


1
Total Force - Air Force Team
Global Engagement, A Vision for the 21st Century
Active Duty Air Force
Air National Guard
Air Force Reserve
http//www.afrc.af.mil/news/AF20ReserveHdbk20Con
gress20web.pdf
2
Objective and Samples of Behavior
  • Know how the Air Force Reserve and Air National
    Guard contribute to our Total Force Policy
  • Define each Reserve category
  • Identify the categories that make up the Ready
    reserves
  • State the chains of command for the Air Force
    Reserve Command and the Air National Guard
  • Identify the four categories of Reserve
    accessibility
  • State the seven times from 1947-2003 that Air
    National Guard forces have been mobilized

3
Overview
  • Total Force (AD AF, ANG, AFR)
  • History
  • Force Modernization
  • Cost Effectiveness
  • Structure and Organization
  • Reserve Categories
  • Ready Reserve
  • Standby Reserve
  • Retired Reserve
  • Force Contributions
  • Accessibility

4
History
  • 1653, Oliver Cromwell overthrows British
    Parliament
  • Legitimate need for national defense
  • Who should rise up if we have no standing army?
  • The militia created 1780s
  • (which grew into the National Guard and the
    Reserve Forces)

5
Total Force
  • Evolved as official policy in 1970s
  • Aug 1970 -- The Total Force Concept was announced
    by Secretary of Defense Laird
  • Aug 1973 -- SECDEF James Schlesinger elevated the
    Total Force Concept to the Total Force Policy
  • Objective
  • integrate Active and Reserve forces
  • in the most cost-effective manner possible
  • maintain as small an active peacetime force as
    commitments permit.

6
Total ForceForce Modernization
Improved the equipment to state of the art during
the 1980s First to deploy, first to be equipped.
- DOD 1225.6
Very cost effective
7
Cost Effectiveness for DoD
  • Provides 50 of total US military force
  • Only consumes 8.3 of DoD budget

8
Cost Effectiveness AFR
Total Air Force Budget
Reserve Budget 4
Air Force Combat Capability
Supplied by Reserve 20
9
Cost Effectiveness ANG
Total Air Force Budget
ANG Budget 7
Air Force Combat Capability
Supplied by ANG 14
10
Cost Efficiency
  • Other cost-saving benefits (for the Air Force)
  • No paid leave
  • No family health care
  • Smaller Retirement fund contributions

11
Air National Guard
  • To provide ready units to the state and nation in
    three roles
  • Federal Role To support national security
    objectives
  • State Role To protect life and property, and to
    preserve peace,order, and public safety
  • Community Role To participate in local, state,
    and national programs that add value to America

12
Air National Guard Dual Mission
  • State
  • Protect Life and Property
  • Peace and Order
  • Civil Defense
  • Federal
  • Support USAF Missions
  • Train for Wartime

152nd Tactical Reconnaissance Group
Shaikh Isa, BA
13
Air National Guard
State Governor
State Adjutant General
State Army Units
State Air Units
14
National Guard Personnel
  • Drill Status (Traditional) Guardsmen
  • 69 of force
  • Enlist for 6 years
  • One unit training assembly (UTA) a month
  • 15 days annual training

15
National Guard Personnel
  • Full time Guardsmen
  • 31 of total Guard force
  • Air Technicians
  • Full-time Civil Service employees
  • Active (Duty) Guard personnel
  • Same areas as Technicians, but full benefits
  • Active Duty Component personnel
  • AF personnel assigned to Guard units (advisors)
  • Active Duty for Training
  • Traditional Guardsmen temporarily on AD for
    training

16
Air Force Reserve Mission
  • Maintain in a constant state of readiness
  • USAFR units and individuals
  • and the systems and services
  • required to perform their assigned mission in
    support of US national objectives.

17
Air Force Reserves
18
Reserve Categories
  • Ready Reserve Combat ready deploy in 72 hours
  • Selected Reserve
  • Individual Ready Reserve
  • Inactive National Guard
  • Standby Reserve
  • Retired Reserve

19
Selected Reserve (Ready)
  • Units and individuals designated as essential to
    wartime missions
  • Have priority for training, equipment, and
    personnel
  • Individual Mobilization Augmentees (IMAs)
  • Not attached to an organized Reserve unit
  • Assigned to active duty components

Selected Reserve part of Ready Reserve
20
Individual Ready Reserve
  • Pool of pre-trained individuals who
  • Served in Active units or Selected Reserve
  • Have military service obligation (MSO) remaining
  • Eligible for involuntary service

Individual Ready Reserve part of Ready Reserve
21
Standby Reserve
  • Personnel who are not required to train and are
    not assigned to units.
  • Reservists whose civilian jobs are key to
    national defense
  • Includes people who may have left active duty due
    to hardships

22
Retired Reserve
  • Personnel who receive retired pay (AD/Reserve) or
    are placed in retirement status but have not yet
    reached age 60
  • All may be recalled to active duty by the
    appropriate service Secretary

23
Total Force
  • Provides 50 of total US military force
  • Only consumes 8.3 of DoD budget
  • Missions have increased to a steady state of
    12-13 million man-days in each of last 3 years

End of AFOATS Slides
24
Satellite Space Ops
AFR
7
ANG
0
93
Active Duty
25
Bombers
ANG
AFR
6
12
82
Active Duty
Ex B-1, B-52, B-2
26
Fighters
ANG
30
AFR
4
66
Active Duty
Ex F-15, F-16, OA-10, A-10, F-22, F117
27
Strategic Airlift
ANG
11
AFR
23
66
Active Duty
Ex C-5, C-141, C-17
28
Tankers
ANG
37
AFR
13
50
Active Duty
Ex KC-10, KC-135, HC-130
29
Rescue
ANG
AFR
26
29
45
Active Duty
Ex HC-130, HH-60
30
Theater Airlift
ANG
42
AFR
40
18
Active Duty
Ex C-130, C-17
31
Air Defense
ANG
100
Examples F-15, F-16
32
Weather Recon
AFR
100
Ex WC-130
33
Accessibility
  • Full mobilization
  • Partial mobilization
  • Presidential Selected Reserve Call-Up
  • Volunteers

34
Full Mobilization
  • Gives access to the full Ready Reserve
  • Requires a declaration of war or national
    emergency by Congress
  • Duration of Conflict plus 6 months

35
Partial Mobilization
  • 1,000,000 members of the Ready Reserve
  • Up to 24 months
  • President must declare a national emergency

36
Presidential Selected Reserve Call-Up
  • Up to 200,000 personnel
  • Up to 270 days
  • President must notify Congress

37
Volunteers
  • Provide the majority of personnel in times of
    war and peace

38
Increasing Tempo
1953-1990 (38 YEARS)
1991-2003 (12 YEARS)
60/38
10/10
For AFR/ANG
077
39
Balanced LifestyleTypical Civilian
Vacation Sick Leave Weekends Holidays
144
221
Work 221 Days
Play 144 Days
058
40
Reservists Support Commitments
84
Play 84 Days
281
Work 221 Days
Support 60 Days
059
41
Aircrew Commitments
21
Play 21 Days
344
Work 221 Days
Aircrew 123 Days
060
42
Points to Remember
  • Reserve Categories
  • Ready Reserves
  • Standby
  • Retired
  • Chain of Command
  • ANG vs AFRC
  • Accessibility
  • Full/Partial Mobilization
  • Presidential Selected Reserve Call-up
  • Volunteers

43
  • We need to shift away from the Cold War stance
    of having the active duty do the operational
    missions and have the Reserves just do training.
  • Vice Admiral David Frost
  • former Deputy CINC
  • US SPACE COMMAND

44
Air Force Team
Global Vigilance, Reach Power
Active Duty Air Force
Air Force Reserve
Air National Guard
45
Total Air Force
We are one of nine major commands of the
Department of the Air Force.
Air Combat Command
Air Force Materiel Command
Air Force Reserve Command
Air Education and Training Command
Air Mobility Command
Pacific Air Forces
United States Air Forces in Europe
Air Force Space Command
Air Force Special Operations Command
46
Total Force Support
We have Reservists in all the major commands,
and most Field Operating Agencies and Direct
Reporting Units.
Personnel numbers are current as of March 2004.
47
Vision/Mission
48
Core Values
49
AFRC Details
  • 75,800 Personnel 363 Aircraft
  • Most USAF Missions
  • Lt Gen Bradley (Dual hatted)
  • Chief of AFR and Commander AFRC
  • HQ AFRC (Robins AFB, GA)
  • 3 NAFs 36 Wings (Unit Equipped and Associate)
  • About 12,000 IMAs
  • Formal Member of the Air Staff

50
Personnel Breakdown
Active Duty
81,800 Total 76,500 Reservists
1 (1,072)
IMA
15 (12,293)
AGR
2 (1,579)
Traditional Unit Reservists
ART
63 (51,167)
13 (10,035)
Civilian
6 (4,457)
Current as of March 2004
51
Unit Reservists
Traditional Unit Reservists One weekend per mon
th/two weeks per year
Located on active duty and Reserve bases
Varied missions
Deploy as a unit
63 50,274 personnel
Current as of March 2004
52
IMAs
Individual Mobilization Augmentees
15 12,293 personnel
Assigned to active duty unit Backfill for counter
parts
Work during normal week
Current as of March 2004
53
AGR Tour
Active Guard and Reserve (Full-time active duty)

2 1,579 personnel
Voluntarily recalled Assigned to active duty head
quarters Ensure Reserve resources are understood
and used
Current as of March 2004
54
ART/Civilian
Air Reserve Technician (ART)
13 10,035 personnel
Full-time employees Day-to-day continuity Dual r
ole civilian/reservist Responsible for unit train
ing,
maintaining unit readiness
Civil Service
6 4,457 personnel
Current as of March 2004
55
ARTs
Air Reserve Technicians
Dual role civilian/Reservist Responsible for unit
training, maintaining combat readiness Work du
ring the week and weekends
56
The Complete Picture
428,798 personnel subject to recall
by Congress in a national emergency
Selected Reserve 17
Retired and Standby Reserve 74
Individual Ready Reserve 9
57
Dual Hat Concept
Lieutenant General John A. Bradley
Chief of Air Force Reserve Responsibilities
Policy
Planning Programming Budget
Commander, Air Force Reserve Command Respons
ibilities Supervision Maintenance Traini
ng
Safety
58
Delegation of Authority
Office of Air Force Reserve Pentagon
HQ AFRC Robins AFB GA
AFRC Vice Commander - Oversees Daily Operations
Major General John J. Batbie Jr.
59
Numbered Air Forces
Administer/Supervise Unit Program
Provide Logistics Support
Review/Manage Unit Tasking
Ensure Combat Readiness
60
Reserve Flying Units
  • Unit-equipped
  • Own their aircraft
  • All fighter units
  • Some airlift and aerial refueling
  • Self-contained
  • Associate
  • Collocated with active duty units
  • Share aircraft and responsibilities

61
Flying (Unit Equipped)
Weather Reconnaissance, WC-130
100
Aerial Spray, C-130 100
Rescue, HC-130-HH-60 29
Airlift, C-5/C-141 25
Mobile Aerial Firefighting 25
Airlift, C-130 23
Bombers, B-52 15
Tankers, KC-135 13
Satellite Operations 7
Fighters, F-16 5
62
Associate Units
Training T-37 T-38 T-1 Special Operations M
C-130E MC-130P Space DSP GPS Satellites Figh
ters
F-16C/D
  • Airlift
  • C-5B
  • C-17
  • Air Refueling
  • KC-10A
  • KC-135R
  • Airborne Warning
  • E-3 AWACS

63
Flying (Reserve Associate)
Airborne Warning Control 6
AETC IP (T-38/T-37/T-1) 19
Aeromedical, C-9 33
Special Operations, MC-130P 43
Airlift, C-5/C-141/C-17
45
Tanker, KC-10/KC-135
50
64
Flying (Active Associate)
AFRC possesses 100 of all CONUS MC-130Es
Active force shares flying and maintenance
Percent of Reserve crew force mix
Deep Penetrating Tanker, MC-130E 60
Talon Schoolhouse, MC-130E 100
65
Associate Program
  • Associate Program advantages
  • Mixture of active duty/Reserve crews
  • Share flying and maintenance responsibilities
  • Increases surge capability
  • Growth potential to expand Reserve mission

66
Unique Missions
67
Space Missions
68
Operational Support
Communications 3
Security Forces 13
Services 15
Civil Engineering 16
Medical Services, Non-Aero med 18
Judge Advocate 33
Aerial Port 54
Wartime Combat Logistics 59
Post Mortuary Affairs 59
69
Cost Effective
Total Air Force Budget
Air Force Capability
Reserve Budget 4
Supplied by Reserve 20
70
USAF Reserve Locations
71
Increasing Tempo
1953-1990 (38 YEARS)

11

1991-2004 (13 YEARS)
60
72
Contingency and Real-World Ops
1953-1990 (38 Yrs) 11 Vietnam War Berlin
Crisis Pueblo Crisis Cuban Missile Crisis
Arab-Israeli War Urgent Fury
Beirut Airlift Eldorado Canyon Just
Cause Armenian Earthquake Hurricane Hugo
  • 1991-2002 (12 Years) 60 Real World
  • Desert Shield/Storm Allied Force (Kosovo)
    Iraqi Freedom
  • Keflavik Alert Aerospace Expeditionary
    Forces
  • Noble Eagle Enduring Freedom Fundamental
    Justice
  • Humanitarian
  • Restore Hope Hurricane reconnaisance and
    disaster relief
  • Midwest Floods Mongolia OK City
    Bombing
  • Typhoon Paka-Guam KAL Crash-Guam USAir Flt 427

  • Forest Fires N. Dakota Floods
  • Peace Keeping
  • Southern Watch Northern Watch
    Uphold Democracy
  • Deny Flight Maintain Democracy
    Restore Democracy

73
Contingency and Real-World Ops
Defense Iceland, Strip Alert
FY 2004
NATO AWACs A/R
Thunderbirds Airlift
Winter Storm Tracking
Phoenix Banner
Joint Forge
AF Museum Support
Phoenix Banner
Finland FMS
STARS Testing
Denton
EURO SID
Joint Guardian
Spray
NASA Shuttle Support
CAPSTONE
Humanitarian Airlift
F-22 Raptor Program airlift
Northern Watch
USO Band Lift
Enduring Freedom
Noble Eagle
Hurricane Tracking
Southern Watch
Presidential Archive Lift
Iraqi Freedom
India Earthquake Relief
Counterdrug
FMS A/R
Coronet Oak
Phoenix Silver
H/R Repatriation
AEF
Denton Humanitarian
Fundamental Justice
USS Cole Attack
Counterdrug
Phoenix Cedar
JIATF-E
Palmetto Ghost
Pacific Banner
RJAF Refueling Training
Focused Relief
Global Hawk
Deep Freeze
NASA Support
Contingency
Real World
OPR DOO
74
Exercise Participation and Support
FY 2004
Amalgam Virgo
Amalgam Warrior
Trojan Footprint
Maple Flag
Coronet Norsemen
Northern Edge
Phoenix Poplar
Combined Endeavor
Pacific Nightingale
Phoenix Rack
Phoenix Willow
Northern Viking
Frequent Storm
JTFEX
Phoenix Birch
Global Guardian
Phoenix Court
Baker Torch
Phoenix Alkali
Foal Eagle
Phoenix Shell
Balikatan
Phoenix Master
Cobra Gold
Global Power
New Horizons - Guatemala
Pacific Warrior
Phoenix Sphinx
Phoenix Nitrate
Tradewinds
African Eagle
Phoenix Calvin
Exercise participant
New Horizons - Paraguay
Unitas 00
Exercise support
OPR DOO
75
Post 9-11
76
Satellite Space Ops
AFR
7
ANG
0
93
Active Duty
77
Bombers
ANG
AFR
6
12
82
Active Duty
Ex B-1, B-52, B-2
78
Fighters
ANG
30
AFR
4
66
Active Duty
Ex F-15, F-16, OA-10, A-10, F-22, F117
79
Strategic Airlift
ANG
11
AFR
23
66
Active Duty
Ex C-5, C-141, C-17
80
Tankers
ANG
37
AFR
13
50
Active Duty
Ex KC-10, KC-135, HC-130
81
Rescue
ANG
AFR
26
29
45
Active Duty
Ex HC-130, HH-60
82
Theater Airlift
ANG
42
AFR
40
18
Active Duty
Ex C-130, C-17
83
Air Defense
ANG
100
Examples F-15, F-16
84
Weather Recon
AFR
100
Ex WC-130
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