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Climate Change and Health Impacts in South East Asia SEAR

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52nd Conference Indian Public Health Association, 7-8 March 2008. 1 ... India 2005: Unusual rains in Chennai and Mumbai. More floods, storms, cyclones and fires? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Climate Change and Health Impacts in South East Asia SEAR


1
Climate Change and Health Impacts in South East
Asia (SEAR) Alexander von Hildebrand Regional
Advisor Environmental Health World Health
Organization Regional Office for South-East Asia
2
SEAR is disaster prone
  • World Disasters Report 2006 57 of people
    killed in natural disasters during 1996-2005 from
    SEAR countries.
  • SEAR highest number of natural disasters (1,273
    reported events) and technological disasters
    (1,387 reported events) 44 of all disasters,
    globally
  • Indonesia alone over the past three months
  • 3 earthquakes above 5.5 in Richter Scale
  • 3 flood events 4 landslides 2 tornadoes
  • 18 May 2007 high tide sea water floods Maldives
  • Global warming to blame?
  • November 2007 Super cyclone SIDR hits
  • Bangladesh close to 4000 dead, millions
    affected

3
Nepal
4
Excess melt water leads to Glacial Lake Outburst
Flood (GLOF) Nepal.50 lakes are at risk of GLOF
in the Himalayas in 2007.
Nepal
5
2005 Unusual floods destroy train bridge over
120 killed, hundreds injured
More floods, storms, cyclones and fires?
India 2005 Unusual rains in Chennai and Mumbai
Loss of life, injuries, disability
6
Too much and not enough unsafe water
  • More variable precipitation patterns are likely
    to breakdown the freshwater supply and increase
    the risk of water-borne diseases.
  • .

7
Vector borne disease to increase?
Changes in climate may alter the distribution of
important vector species and may increase the
spread of disease, to new areas with weak public
health infrastructure.
8
2002 Andhra Pradesh, India heat wave, with
temperatures of up to 54 degrees Celsius, took a
toll of at least 1400 lives
Heat waves
www.cbc.ca
9
Droughts, floods Food insecurity?
Declines in food production would lead to
malnutrition and hunger Today 50 children
malnourished. Tomorrow Millions at risk?
10
Coastal flooding, migration, displaced people,
social conflicts
Psycho social stress
11
Climate change and health linkages
12
Priority 1 Reduce greenhouse gas emissions
At individual level. Corporate
responsibility, Political commitment.
  • Source UNEP Arendal

13
Cumulative emissions of greenhouse gases
Countries scaled according to cumulative emission
in carbon equivalent to 2002. Patz et al,
Ecohealth, December 2007
14
Health impacts of climate change
WHO regions scaled according to WHO estimates of
mortality per million people in the year 2000,
attributable to the climate change that occurred
from 1970s to 2000. Patz et al, Ecohealth,
December 2007
15
Priority 2 Assess vulnerability to adapt
  • Step 1 Identify the needs of the current public
    health services to respond to climate sensitive
    diseases in 2030, based on trends and
    population growth.
  • Step 2 Assess future public health needs for the
    same but taking into consideration the IPCC
    projections.
  • Step 3 Add the gaps found to select adaptation
    options to cope with the climate change
    challenges
  • improving existing public health programmes that
    are addressing climate sensitive diseases, and
  • engaging with others for situations where the
    health sector response capacity would be
    overwhelmed.

16
Take action Six focus areas for public health
1. Health security 2. Strengthening health
systems 3. Health development 4. Evidence and
information 5. Delivery 6. Partnerships
17
1. Health Security
18
2. Strengthening health systems
http//www.thehindubusinessline.com/
19
3. Health Development
20
Protecting health while reducing Emissions
Buildings Indoor air pollution Heat and cold
protection
Transport Air pollution Traffic injuries Physical
inactivity
Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Industry Occupational risks, mining and transport
Energy supply conversion Occupational
risks Construction and transport
Agriculture Nutrition, Water / vector-borne
disease
Waste Occupational, chemical
21
The opportunity for improving health determinants
Can we reduce The 800,000 annual deaths from
urban air pollution The loss of 1.9 million
deaths, and 19 million years of healthy life,
from physical inactivity The 1.2 million deaths
and over 50 million injuries from road traffic
accidents

22
Evidence, Delivery, Partnerships
23
WHO Action
  • Awareness workshops National (Bangladesh,
    Nepal, Indonesia , India, 2007) regional for
    islands and coastal areas (Maldives 2003) and on
    mountain areas (India, 2005). Publications.
  • Training workshop on methods for assessing
    vulnerability to climate change in Kuala Lumpur
    2007
  • Projects Support to MoH Bhutan 1 million USD
    proposal to address climate change (2008,
    UNDP/GEF)

24
WHO Action
  • Research Relationship between rainfall,
    temperature and diarrhoeal disease outbreaks in
    West Bengal
  • Policy SEAR Health Ministers at RC 60 2007
    declared Climate change is a major threat to
    health security in the Region. Bi-regional
    workshop on climate change and human health,
    December 2007, Bali, Indonesia Regional Action
    Plan.
  • Theme of World Health Day 2008 Protecting Health
    from Climate Change ( 07.04.2008). Get involved!
  • www.searo.who.int/World Health Day 2008

25
Health needs to come to the heart of the climate
change debate. It depends on you and us. We need
to act NOW, collectively.
26
Thank you for your attention!
  • Alexander von Hildebrand
  • Regional Advisor Environmental Health World
    Health Organization Regional Office for
    South-East Asia
  • Email Hildebranda_at_searo.who.int
  • Webwww.searo.who.int/World Health Day 2008
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