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Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States

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Title: Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States


1
Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United
States Born October 1, 1924, Plains,
GeorgiaEducation Georgia Southwestern College,
1941-1942 Georgia Institute of Technology,
1942-1943 United States Naval Academy, 1943-1946
(class of 1947) Union College, 1952-1953
Religion BaptistMarriage Eleanor Rosalynn
Smith (b. August 18, 1927), July 7,
1946Children John William (Jack) (1947-)
James Earl III (Chip) (1950-) Donnel Jeffrey
(Jeff) (1952-) and Amy Lynn (1967-)Career
Soldier Farmer, Warehouseman, Public Official,
ProfessorWritings Why Not the Best? (1975) A
Government as Good as Its People (1977) The Wit
and Wisdom of Jimmy Carter (1977) Keeping Faith
(1982) Everything to Gain (1987) An Outdoor
Journal (1988) Turning Point (1992) The Blood
of Abraham (1993) Always a Reckoning (1995)
Living Faith (1996) The Virtues of Aging (1998)
An Hour Before Daylight (2001) The Hornet's Nest
(2003) Sharing Good Times (2004). Noble Peace
Price Winner In 2002, Carter won the Nobel Peace
Prize for his "efforts to find peaceful solutions
to international conflicts, to advance democracy
and human rights, and to promote economic and
social development."
2
In 1976, Carter in his presidential bid ran
against the memory of Nixon and Watergate as much
as he ran against his Republican opponent, Gerald
Ford. His most effective campaign pitch was his
promise that Ill never lie to you.
3
(No Transcript)
4
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Camp David Peace Accord
  • Salt II Treaty
  • Boycott of Olympics
  • Panama Canal Treaties
  • Iranian revolution and oil crisis
  • Iranian hostage crisis
  • Established full diplomatic relations with the
    People's Republic of China
  • Championed human rights throughout the world and
    used human rights as the center of his
    administrations foreign policy
  • Domestic Affairs
  • He enacted strong environmental legislation
  • deregulated the trucking, airline, rail, finance,
    communications, and oil industries
  • bolstered the social security system
  • appointed record numbers of women and minorities
    to significant government and judicial posts

5
  • Jimmy Carter, Energy and National Goals
    (popularly known as the "malaise" speech) (1979)
  • Main Points
  • Americans suffer from a lack of confidence.
  • I want to talk to you right now about a
    fundamental threat to American democracy.... I do
    not refer to the outward strength of America, a
    nation that is at peace tonight everywhere in the
    world, with unmatched economic power and military
    might.
  • The threat is nearly invisible in ordinary ways.
    It is a crisis of confidence. It is a crisis that
    strikes at the very heart and soul and spirit of
    our national will. We can see this crisis in the
    growing doubt about the meaning of our own lives
    and in the loss of a unity of purpose for our
    Nation.

6
2. Americans have lost faith have lost faith in
their government and in their ability to shape
their government.   Our people are losing that
faith, not only in government itself but in the
ability as citizens to serve as the ultimate
rulers and shapers of our democracy.   3.
Americans have become addicted to consumerism,
which has sapped their confidence and sense of
purpose. In a nation that was proud of hard
work, strong families, close-knit communities,
and our faith in God, too many of us now tend to
worship self-indulgence and consumption. Human
identity is no longer defined by what one does,
but by what one owns. But weve discovered that
owning things and consuming things does not
satisfy our longing for meaning. Weve learned
that piling up material goods cannot fill the
emptiness of lives which have no confidence or
purpose.
7
4. The sad truth many Americans have lost
respect for once honored institutions.   As you
know, there is a growing disrespect for
government and for churches and or schools, the
news media, and other institutions. This is not a
message of happiness or reassurance, but it is
the truth and it is a warning.   Question Is
this statement true. If it were true, do
Americans really want to hear the truth, or do
they prefer messages of reassurance from their
leaders?
8
  • 5. By coming together to meet the energy
    challenge, we can win for our nation a new sense
    of confidence, control and destiny. However, we
    must take the following measures
  •  
  • Never use more foreign oil than we did in 1977.
  • Set import quotas
  • Commit national funds and resources to develop
    alternative sources of fuel
  • Utility companies cut their use of oil by 50
    and switch to other fuels, especially coal.
  • Establish an energy mobilization board to cut
    through roadblocks to completing key energy
    projects.
  • All of us need to embark on a bold conservation
    program.
  • I ask Congress to give me authority for mandatory
    conservation and for standby gasoline rationing.

9
6. Americans must make sacrifices in their
consumerism to meet the crisis. Im asking you
for your own good and for your Nations
security to take no unnecessary trips, to use
carpools or public transportation whenever you
can, to park your car one extra day per week, to
obey the speed limit, and to set your thermostats
to save fuel. Every act of energy conservation
like this is more than just common senseI tell
you it is an act of patriotism.
10
APPRAISAL Appraisal of the speechs
effectiveness Terrible. People have a need to
feel good about themselves, and they seek leaders
who make them feel good.   Leaders who criticize
their people soon lose their peoples support,
even if their message is valid.
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