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Exploring American History

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Presidents Taft and Wilson promoted U.S. interests in Latin America. ... The Roosevelt Corollary & William Taft's Dollar Diplomacy (02:36) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Exploring American History


1
Exploring American History
  • Unit VII- Becoming a World Power
  • Chapter 22 Section 3
  • United States and Latin America

2
The United States and Latin America
  • The Big Idea
  • The United States expanded its role in Latin
    America in the early 1900s.
  • Main Ideas
  • The United States built the Panama Canal in the
    early 1900s.
  • Theodore Roosevelt changed U.S. policy toward
    Latin America.
  • Presidents Taft and Wilson promoted U.S.
    interests in Latin America.

3
French Connection
Columbia
Problems and Solutions
U.S. sends wawrships to Panama to protect U.S.
lives Helps Panama with the Revolution and
Independence. Panama now makes a deal with the
U.S. for a 10 mile wide strip of land. 10
million and 250,000 lease per year. Harsh
working conditions, engineering and logistical
problems, malaria, and yellow fever hampered
construction. Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
Failed attempt- 1878 Paid Columbia for the
rights. Builder of Suez Canal in charge
Money problems, disease, and construction
problems. 1898- sold their rights and
equipment to the U.S. for 40
million.
Columbia owned Panama Columbia had made a deal
with the French to build the canal. U.S.
offered Columbia 10 Million, but they want
30 million Revolution for Independence in
Panama, aided by U.S.
warships- who would not let
Columbian ships land troops.
Panama Canal
Commerical Reasons Transportation
Cost lower- 60 All-water route is shorter.
Military Reasons- Navy needs to be able to
move from Atlantic to Pacific Ocean for
defense. Across Panama was the shortest route.
Began in 1904 Expenses for the U.S.-
352 Million Total- 51 mile, locks. 34
years to build Opened 1914- Treaty ratified
1921 80,000 workers and 30,000 deaths Yellow
Fever- Dr. Gorgas and the Mosquito. Columbia-
26 million

American Foreign policy under T.
Roosevelt. Addition to Monroe Doctrine. U.S. has
the right to intervene In Latin American
affairs. International police force. Speak
Softly and carry a big stick. Great White Fleet.
Building the Canal
Purpose- Why?
Roosevelt Corollary
4
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5
The Panama Canal (0403)
6
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7
Building the Panama Canal
  • Difficult to build
  • tropical diseases-yellow fever and malaria
  • Dr. William Gorgas
  • Working in the high mountains with explosives was
    dangerous.
  • Some 6,000 people died.
  • The Panama Canal opened on August 15, 1914,
  • Took ten years to complete and cost 375 million

8
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9
Panama Canal
10
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11
Roosevelt and the Canal
12
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13
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14
Canal Construction
15
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16
Main Idea 2 Theodore Roosevelt changed U.S.
policy toward Latin America.
The Panama Canal allowed the United States to
become more involved in Latin America.
Monroe Doctrine.
Roosevelt Corollary.
The United States became the international
police power
17
Roosevelt Corollary
18
Looking to Foreign Lands (0330)
19
Roosevelt Corollary (0241)
20
Main Idea 3 Presidents Taft and Wilson promoted
U.S. interests in Latin America.
  • President William Howard Taft acted to protect
    U.S. interests in Latin America.
  • dollar diplomacy
  • Loaned money to Nicaragua
  • Sent U.S. Marines to Nicaragua
  • Woodrow Wilson believed-moral obligation to
    promote democracy.
  • Often sent troops into Latin America to prevent
    foreign intervention or political unrest
  • Sent troops to assist Mexicos government in the
    Mexican Revolution

21
Taft and Foreign Policy Dollar Diplomacy 0117
22
Dollar Diplomacy- Taft
23
The Mexican Revolution
  • Mexicans revolted against harsh rule of dictator
    Porfirio Díaz in 1910.
  • War affected U.S. interests- investments worth
    over 1 billion.
  • The United States entered the war.
  • 1914 U.S. Navy seized city of Veracruz
  • 1916 General John J. Pershing -Francisco
    Pancho Villa
  • In 1917, a new constitution began to bring order
    to Mexico.

24
1916 Woodrow Wilson Confronts Pancho Villa
(0246)
25
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26
Changes in U.S. Foreign Policy
  • Washingtons Farewell Address
  • Monroe Doctrine
  • United States will defend its interests in
    Western Hemisphere
  • Roosevelt Corollary
  • Tafts Dollar Diplomacy
  • United States will use economic means
  • Wilson and Democracy
  • The United States will promote and protect
    democracy in the Western Hemisphere.

27
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29
Foreign Policy 0524
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