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U.S. HISTORY

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Title: U.S. HISTORY


1
U.S. HISTORY GOVERNMENT
REVIEW
2
STATE REGENTS EXAM U.S. History Govt.
TUESDAY- June 20th Report Time
.... 1215 P.M.
3
Time / Length Take your time
- 2 hour minimum 1230 PM 230
PM - 3 hour maximum
330 PM
4
The EXAM Your NAME TEACHERs NAME
- In TEST Booklet . DBQ short
answer - In ESSAY Booklet Thematic
DBQ
5
EXAM Format - Multiple Choice -
ESSAY DBQ ... Part A .. -
ESSAY Thematic - ESSAY DBQ Part B
6
MULTIPLE CHOICE 50 Questions GOVT
HISTORY - Vocabulary Terms people
- Question look for key term(s) -
Answer Process of Elimination - try
to eliminate 1 or 2 answers
7
MULTIPLE CHOICE - double-check your work -
Make sure - put answers on Test booklet
Answer Sheet - you answered ALL questions
- keep your answer sheet aligned with
the question youre answering - when
done copy them to Scantron Answer Sheet -
dont mark 2 answers for 1 question - watch
eraser marks
8
ESSAYS - Thematic Essay - DBQ -
Part A Short Answer - Part B Essay
9
DBQ - Part A in booklet - Look for
Timeframe, Country, Person
Key terms Underline as you
read TAKE NOTES if
possible 9 documents
- Answers Get to the point -
Rating / Point Scale 2, 1, 0 - 1
Document, but 1 - 3 questions
10
DBQ Part A Short Answer
(Continued) - PART A Short Answer
put down something
for each question copy text/part of
passage if you have to
11
ESSAY Thematic - Describe Impact - Compare /
which is bestTOPICS - Their
Suggestions use as a guide ...
stick to Topic / Theme .
- use US Supreme Court cases -
USE the test (Multiple Choice)
12
ESSAY DBQ - Part B - Treat like a Research
Paper Use at least 4 documents
STATE the document 3 9 pts
(Doc. 1)
(OUTSIDE INFORMATION - ) -
Length 3 PAGES
13
ESSAY Thematic Possible Topics -
Geography - Immigration -
Science Technology - Presidential
Policies - Foreign
- Domestic - Citizenship
- U.S. Supreme Court Cases -
Constitutional Amendments
14
  • ESSAY Thematic
  • IMMIGRATION
  • - Pilgrims / Early Settlers/Europeans
  • - forced migration
  • - African Americans
  • - Native Americans . Cherokees
  • - Irish Italians . late 1800s
  • - Chinese Japanese
  • - Hispanics/Latinos US government
    policies NATIVISTS vs Big Business

DESCRIBE IMPACT - Positive - Negative
15
  • ESSAY Thematic
  • SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY
  • - TRANSPORTATION
  • - horse
  • - STEAMboat
  • - train
  • - automobile
  • - plane
  • - jet
  • - Space Shuttle

DESCRIBE IMPACT - Positive - Negative
16
  • ESSAY Thematic
  • SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY
  • - COMMUNICATION
  • - Bible
  • - Mass media
  • - newspapers
  • - radio
  • - television
  • - computers
  • - Internet
  • - Email

DESCRIBE IMPACT - Positive - Negative
17
  • ESSAY Thematic
  • SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY
  • - ENERGY
  • - wood
  • - coal
  • - water power rivers
  • - electricity
  • - nuclear

DESCRIBE IMPACT - Positive - Negative
18
  • ESSAY Thematic
  • SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY
  • - SCIENCE
  • - hygiene portable soap
  • - modern medicine
  • - vaccinations
  • - pills
  • - health care for the Aged everyone
  • - inventions
  • - automation
  • - microwave

DESCRIBE IMPACT - Positive - Negative
19
  • ESSAY Thematic
  • PRESIDENTIAL Foreign Policy
  • - George Washington neutrality
  • - James Monroe .. Monroe Doctrine
  • - McKinley Teddy Roosevelt .. Imperialism
  • - Woodrow Wilson . Diplomacy - FDR .
    Isolation then World Involve - Truman
    Eisenhower Containment
  • - JFK.. Cold War Anti-Communist
  • - Nixon .. Détente, Ping Pong Diplomacy -
    Reagan end of Cold War
  • - George Bush Sr. World Policeman
  • - George Bush Jr. . Pre - emptive

20
  • ESSAY Thematic
  • PRESIDENTIAL Domestic Policy
  • - Abraham Lincoln
  • Maintain the US Nation
  • Human Rights
  • - Herbert Hoover .. Laissez-faire
  • - Teddy Roosevelt ... Square Deal
  • - FDR ... New Deal
  • - Lyndon Johnson . Great Society
  • - Ronald Reagan . Trickle down
    Economics Reaganomics

21
  • ESSAY Thematic
  • Citizenship US Supreme Court Decisions
  • - Dred Scott
  • - Plessy v. Ferguson
  • - Schenk v. United States
  • - Korematsu v. United States
  • - Brown v. Board of Ed. of Topeka
  • - Miranda v. Arizona
  • - Engle v. Vitale

22
  • ESSAY Thematic
  • Citizenship AMENDMENTS
  • 1st - freedom of speech, religion, press
  • 5th - incrimination
  • 6th - fair speedy trial
  • 13th - slavery
  • 14th - citizenship
  • 15th - right to vote
  • 19th - Womens right to vote
  • 21st - end to Prohibition

23
THE COURSE
  • GEOGRAPHY CLIMATE
  • PRE-CIVIL WAR - Early Settlement
    - North vs South - Colonial Life
    - North vs South vs West (Appalachians)

24
  • Which geographical advantage did the United
    States gain with the Louisiana Purchase? 1. a
    Mississippi River port on the Gulf of Mexico 2.
    access to southern ports on the Pacific Ocean 3.
    control of land west of the Rocky Mountains 4.
    more natural harbors on the Atlantic Ocean

25
  • EARLY GOVERNMENT - Enlightenment / Philosophes
    - John Locke, Montesquieu -
    Mayflower Compact - 1st set of Laws on
    Govt. - Albany Plan of Union
    - Colonial Govt. but head appointed by King
    - Declaration of Independence -
    Articles of Confederation - 1st
    National set of laws - States have
    more power than Federal Govt.

26
  • The Mayflower Compact is important to the concept
    of a democratic society because it represents
    (1) an effort by the colonists to use force to
    resist the King (2) a clear step toward
    self-government (3) an early attempt to
    establish universal suffrage
  • (4) an attempt by the colonists to establish
    freedom of religion

27
  • U.S. GOVERNMENT - Branches Purpose
    . Great Compromise - Executive
    leader --- but - Legislative creates
    bill approves Pres. laws - Judicial
    says if Constitutional - Marbury v. Madison

28
  • Which feature of the unwritten constitution is
    part of the system of checks and balances? (1)
    the cabinet (2) political parties (3)
    judicial review (4) legislative lobbies

29
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30
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31
  • U.S. CONSTITUTION - purpose - Elastic
    Clause - Unwritten Constitution
    .. Strict vs Loose Constructionists -
    Amendments - Bill of Rights

32
  • One difference between the Constitution and the
    Articlesof Confederation is that the
    Constitution 1. created separate, independent
    branches of government 2. granted greater
    power to the States than to the Federal
    Government 3. granted more authority to the
    Chief Executive than to the national
    legislature 4. reduced the power of the Federal
    courts

33
When President Thomas Jefferson acquired the
Louisiana Territory from France, he demonstrated
that he had modified his belief that (1) the
Constitution should be strictly interpreted (2)
the federal government should limit
individual rights (3) adding territory would
lead to regional rivalries (4) commercial
development was the main goal of the
federal government
34
  • Course websitehttp//www.usglobal.tk
  • Government questions added

35
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36
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37
  • FEDERALISTS EARLY PRESIDENTS
    Federalists - George Washington
    Hamiltonian Federal Bank Program ... -
    Thomas Jefferson Expansion of nation
    American Survival - James Monroe
    Monroe Doctrine Manifest Destiny

38
  • Alexander Hamilton's financial plan helped to
    establish the credit of the United States
    government by
  • 1. providing for the payment of the nation's
    debts
  • 2. taxing only the people most able to pay
  • 3. favoring agriculture over industry
  • 4. encouraging spending for national defense

39
  • CIVIL WAR - Causes Geographical
    Differences - North Economic ..
    Industrial - South Economic ..
    Plantation - West Statehood

40
  • CIVIL WAR - Causes People
    - Slavery - Abolitionists
    - Harriet Tubman Underground RR
    - Harriet Beecher Stowe Uncle
    Toms - Frederick Douglas
    - Sojourner Truth -
    Pro-Slavery - southern Plantation
    Owners

41
  • CIVIL WAR Decisions - Missouri
    Compromise Missouri Maine - Compromise
    of 1850 California, New Mexico,
    Fugitive Slave Law - Dred Scott Decision
    - Kansas - Nebraska Act

42
  • The Missouri Compromise of 1820 settled
    conflicts between the North and the South over
    (1) admission of states to the Union (2)
    Supreme Court decisions (3) presidential
    election results (4) voting rights

43
  • CIVIL WAR Battles - Initial
    - Union Army burns/destroys South
    Abraham Lincoln - Gettysburg Address
    - Emancipation Proclamation

44
  • RECONSTRUCTION Why ? - Lincoln
    Plan 10 people agree -
    Andrew Johnson Plan general pardon
    - African Americans -
    WEB Dubois equality now - Booker T.
    Washington Tuskegee Inst. - Marcus
    Garvey Back to Africa Movement

45
  • In their plans for Reconstruction, both
    President Abraham Lincoln and President Andrew
    Johnson sought to
  • 1. punish the South for starting the Civil War
  • 2. force the Southern States to pay reparations
    to the Federal Government
  • 3. allow the Southern States to reenter the
    nation as quickly as possible
  • 4. establish the Republican Party as the
    only political party in the South

46
  • RECONSTRUCTION Reaction -
    Economic South . destroyed
    sharecropping Freedmans Bureau
    - KKK - Black Codes / Jim Crow
    Laws - Plessy v. Ferguson -
    Amendments 14th . citizenship 15th .
    Voting rights

47
The purpose of the Black Codes in the South was
to 1. give civil rights to blacks
2. keep blacks in an inferior position 3.
return blacks to Africa 4. provide
blacks with better jobs
48
  • LATE 1800s US Presidents - Andrew Johnson
    Impeachment trumped up political
    charges power struggle - Ulysses S. Grant
    . Scandals - Rutherford B. Hayes
    anti-Spoils System - Grover Cleveland
    pro-business

49
  • GILDED AGE Big Business - Capitalism
    laissez-faire vs socialism - Business
    Organizations - Monopoly - Trust
    - Holding Company - International
    Corporation - Andrew Carnegie - John D.
    Rockefeller philanthropist Social
    Darwinism

50
  • In the late 1800s, the theory of laissez-faire
    capitalism was used by many industrialists to
    (1) petition the government for assistance
    during times of financial crisis
    (2) oppose colonial expansion in Africa and
    Asia (3) argue against government regulation
    of business practices (4) defend
    limits on the number of immigrants
    allowed to work in factories

51
  • GILDED AGE Labor Unions - Open
    Shops vs Closed Shops - Tactics
    Immigration - wages hours -
    Melting Pot - Quotas . Nativism
    - Nationalism role of schools NATIVISM
    WASP (white protestant male) protect rights
    of those born in America anti foreigner
    anti communist

52
  • Nativism in the late 19th century was
    motivated primarily by
  • 1. hostility toward immigrant workers
  • 2. the need to reduce overcrowding in
    western states
  • 3. cultural conflicts with Native American
    Indians
  • 4. the migration of African Americans
    to northern cities

53
  • GILDED AGE U.S. Government - Sherman
    Anti-Trust Act break-up BIG companies
    - Interstate Commerce Act regulate
    RRs - Munn v. Illinois
    Congress has power on INTERstate
    commerce

54
  • A main purpose of President Theodore
    Roosevelts trustbusting policies was to
  • 1. reduce corruption in government
  • 2. save the nations banks
  • 3. encourage competition in business
  • 4. end strikes by labor unions

55
  • THE WEST - Appalachian Mountains -
    Louisiana Purchase - Manifest Destiny -
    Mexican-American War - Indian Removal Acts
    - Worcester v. Georgia - Trail of
    Tears

56
  • The Indian Wars that occurred between 1860
    and 1890 were mainly the result of (1)
    disputes over the spread of slavery (2)
    conflict with Mexico over Texas and California
    (3) the search for gold in California (4)
    the movement of settlers onto the Great Plains

57
  • THE WEST - Homestead Acts - role of
    the Railroad - Grange Movement Farmers
    Rights - Populism Farmers Socialism

58
The Populist movement was most interested in
improving conditions for (1) farmers
(2) business leaders (3)
African Americans (4) Native
American Indians

59
  • PROGRESSIVE ERA - Social Reformers
    - Susan B. Anthony - Dorothea Dix
    - Ida Tarbell - Upton Sinclair -
    Muckrakers - investigate social,
    economic political wrongs -
    Teddy Roosevelt Square Deal -
    stewardship - anti-Monopoly fair
    labor

60
  • In the early 20th century, muckrakers were
    able to influence American society mainly through
    their
  • 1. frequent acts of civil disobedience
  • 2. activities as government officials
  • 3. publication of articles and books
  • 4. control over factories

61
  • Which event of the early 1900s is evidence that
    Upton Sinclairs novel The Jungle had an
    important impact on the United States?1.
    adoption of reforms in public education 2.
    passage of legislation limiting immigration 3.
    adoption of the 18th amendment
    establishing Prohibition 4. passage of
    legislation requiring Federal inspection
    of meat

62
  • During which period in United States
    history were the amendments concerning the income
    tax, direct election of Senators, Prohibition,
    and womens suffrage enacted?
  • 1. Reconstruction
  • 2. The Gilded Age
  • 3. Progressive Era
  • 4. New Deal

63
  • Both the Sherman Antitrust Act and the
    Clayton Antitrust Act were passed in response to
    the problem of (1) companies refusing to hire
    minority workers (2) businesses choosing to
    hire illegal immigrants (3) unsafe working
    conditions in factories (4) business
    combinations limiting competition

64
  • U.S. at WAR (1900 - 1945) - 1800s -
    Monroe Doctrine - Commodore William Perry
    - Open Door Policy - early 1900s
    - Spanish-American War - Roosevelt
    Corollary - Dollar Diplomacy -
    Good Neighbor Policy

65
  • The principle that the United States has
    the right to act as the "policeman of the Western
    Hemisphere" and intervene in the internal affairs
    of Latin American nations was established by the
  • 1. Good Neighbor policy
  • 2. Open Door policy
  • 3. Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe
    Doctrine
  • 4. Marshall Plan

66
  • Early in the 20th century, Presidents
    William Taft and Woodrow Wilson used the concept
    of "Dollar Diplomacy" to
  • 1. help European nations avoid war
  • 2. expand United States influence in China
  • 3. protect United States investments
    in Latin America
  • 4. support welfare programs for
    immigrants to the United States

67
World War I (1914 - 1918)
  • World War I - CAUSES Nationalism/Ethnic
    Groups Alliances Imperialism Militarism

68
World War I (1914 - 1918)
  • U.S. Involvement - Zimmerman Note/Telegram
    - Mexico Texas - sinking of Lusitania

69
World War I (1914 - 1918)
  • World War I - EFFECTSTreaty of Versailles
    Germany humiliated - - -gt World War II
  • Collapse of 3 Empires - Austria - Hungary -
    Ottoman - Russian

70
World War II (1939 - 1945)
  • World War II - CAUSES- Weimar Germany- world
    depression- ? League of Nations ?- Rise of
    Fascism - Hitler - Mussolini

71
  • A major reason for the isolationist trend
    in the United States following World War I was
  • 1. a desire to continue the reforms of the
    Progressives
  • 2. the publics desire to end most trade
    with other nations
  • 3. the failure of the United States to
    gain new territory
  • 4. the reality of the outcomes of the war
    death, wounded, land destroyed

72
Holocaust
  • Led by Hitler Nazi Germany
  • Plan to exterminate ALL Jews - 6 million
    Jews 4 million non-Jews
  • Nuremberg Laws 1935
  • Rights deprived - citizenship, property,
    movement, life
  • Death Camps (Concentration Camps - Auschwitz,
    Dachau
  • Loss of Assets

73
  • U.S. involvement in World War II -
    Lend-Lease Act - Pearl Harbor - Potsdam
    Yalta Conferences - Manhattan Project
    - Hiroshima Nagasaki

74
  • World War II the aftermath - Japanese
    surrender - US occupation of Japan -
    Nuremberg Trials hunt/search for Nazi
    war criminals - Germany divided -
    Berlin divided - United Nations created
    - Security Council .. peace
    - 5 Permanent members

75
  • In the years just after World War II, the
    United States attempted to prevent the spread of
    communism in Europe mainly by
  • 1. taking over the governments of several
    Western European nations
  • 2. increasing opportunities for political
    refugees to settle in the United States
  • 3. holding a series of summit meetings with
    leaders of the Soviet Union
  • 4. establishing policies of economic and
    military aid for European nations

76
  • Human Rights during Wartime - Schenk v.
    United States - Korematsu v. United States

77
  • Which generalization is consistent with the
    ruling of the United States Supreme Court in
    Schenck v. United States?
  • 1. The freedoms guaranteed in the Bill of
    Rights are virtually unlimited
  • 2. Government has the right to suspend any
    rights at any time.
  • 3. Individual rights can be limited in the
    national interest
  • 4. The balance between individual rights and
    the general social welfare almost always favors
    individual rights.

78
  • Prosperity Depression - Roaring 20s
    (Society) - Coolidge Prosperity
    business - GREAT DEPRESSION - buying
    on margin - Stock Market Crash -
    Bonus Army Hoovervilles

79
  • FDR NEW DEAL - Bank Reforms -
    Jobs - Unemployment Insurance - court
    packing Schechter v. Poultry too
    much power

80
  • The Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s was a
    period when African Americans
  • 1. left the United States in large numbers to
    settle in Nigeria
  • 2. created noteworthy works of art and
    literature
  • 3. migrated to the West in search of land and
    jobs
  • 4. used civil disobedience to fight segregation
    in the Armed Forces

81
  • The 1920s are sometimes called the "Roaring
    Twenties" because
  • 1. foreign trade prospered after World War I
  • 2. the United States assumed a leadership role
    in world affairs
  • 3. political reforms made government more
    democratic
  • 4. widespread social and economic change
    occurred

82
  • In the 1920s, the Immigration Act of 1924 and
    the Sacco-Vanzetti trial were typical of the
  • 1. rejection of traditional customs and beliefs
  • 2. acceptance of cultural differences
  • 3. increase in nativism and intolerance
  • 4. support of humanitarian causes

83
  • In the 1930s, the enactment of New Deal
    programs demonstrated a belief that
  • 1. corporations were best left to operate
    without government interference
  • 2. state governments should give up control over
    commerce inside their states
  • 3. the Federal Government must concern itself
    with the peoples economic well-being
  • 4. the United States Constitution was not
    relevant to 20th-century life

84
  • The main purpose of New Deal measures such as
    the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and
    the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
    was to
  • 1. provide immediate employment opportunities
  • 2. develop rules to limit speculation and
    safeguard savings
  • 3. enable the Federal Government to take over
    failing industries
  • 4. assure a guaranteed income for American
    families

85
  • Lend Lease Act pre World War II

86
The Lend-Lease Act and the Destroyers-for-Bases
deal were adopted prior to World War II primarily
because these actions would 1. help Allied
nations without the United States entering
the war 2. stop the spread of communism 3.
convince the American people that war was
necessary 4. create jobs to end the Great
Depression
87
World War II (1939 - 1945)
  • World War II - EFFECTS- Decline of European
    Imperialism - Independence Movements-
    Cold War U.S. vs U.S.S.R.- Germany
    divided- United Nations created

88
  • COLD WAR US vs USSR
    (Soviet Union) democracy vs
    totalitarianism capitalism vs
    communism/socialism NATO vs
    Warsaw Pact - Arms
    race - Nuclear race - Space race -
    Nationalism - Olympics

89
  • COLD WAR / Post World War II - US
    economic aid - Truman Doctrine
    Eisenhower Doctrine prevent
    communism Containment
    - Marshall Plan (give aid )

90
  • As World War II was ending, the United
    States decided to join the United Nations mainly
    because the United States
  • 1. sought to meet the American publics
    overwhelming demand for free-trade agreements
  • 2. wanted to continue to play the same role it
    had in the League of Nations
  • 3. recognized that efforts to achieve world
    peace required United States involvement
  • 4. wanted to stop the growing influence of newly
    independent developing nations

91
  • A common purpose of the Truman Doctrine, the
    Marshall Plan, and the Eisenhower Doctrine was
    to
  • 1. carry out the United States policy of
    preventing the spread of communism
  • 2. insure the survival of the newly independent
    nations of Africa and Asia
  • 3. limit the proliferation of nuclear weapons
  • 4. provide medical aid to Latin American nations

92
  • COLD WAR Limited Conflict -
    Berlin Airlift - Korean War - Iron Curtain /
    Berlin Wall - Cuban Missile Crisis - Bay of
    Pigs Invasion - Vietnam War -
    Afghanistan - Nicaragua

93
  • COLD WAR Negotiations - détente -
    SALT ( Strategic Arms Limitations
    Treaties) - Ping Pong Diplomacy

94
  • The primary purpose of the War Powers Act
    (1973) is to
  • 1. limit Presidential power to send troops into
    combat
  • 2. allow for a quicker response to a military
    attack
  • 3. assure adequate defense of the Western
    Hemisphere
  • 4. stop the use of troops for nonmilitary
    purposes

95
  • Which foreign policy concept can be used to
    describe the deliberate decrease in nuclear
    weapons by both the United States and the Soviet
    Union in the late 1970s and during the 1980s ?
    (1) appeasement (2) peaceful
    coexistence (3) détente (4)
    domino theory

96
  • COLD WAR in US - 1920s Red Scare
    - 1950s McCarthyism -
    Black Lists / listing -
    Alger Hiss - HUAC
    (House UnAmerican Activities
    Committee)

97
  • A similarity between the Red Scare of the
    1920s and McCarthyism in the 1950s was that
    during each period
  • 1. thousands of American citizens were expelled
    from the United States
  • 2. the Communist Party gained many members in
    the United States
  • 3. many government employees were convicted of
    giving secrets to the Soviet Union
  • 4. the civil liberties of American citizens were
    threatened

98
  • Post World War II US society - US
    troops come home - GI Bill - Role of
    Women - Population Boom - Suburbia
    - Highways across America / US -
    Education - Public Schools K - 12
    - College - Radio Television Black
    White - Color

99
  • All of the following factors promoted the
    growth of suburbs EXCEPT?
  • 1. low-cost government loans.2. expanded
    road and highway construction.3. laws
    forbidding residential segregation by
    races.4. increased automobile production.

100
  • 1950s US Presidents Truman -
    Fair Deal - public housing
    - Workers - Union dues
    - Strikes - Korea

101
  • 1950s US Presidents Eisenhower -
    Containment Policy / Domino Theory -
    John Foster Dulles - Brinkmanship
    - Eisenhower Doctrine -
    Middle East Israel Turkey
    (missiles facing Soviet Union) - NASA
    . Space - National Education Act

102
  • President Truman contributed to the
    anti-Communist fear after the Second World War
    by?
  • 1. recommending that "pro-Communist" books be
    removed from the nation's libraries and
    bookstores.
  • 2. ordering investigations into the loyalty of
    federal employees.
  • 3. claiming that all liberal Democrats were
    Communist sympathizers
  • 4. releasing classified information revealing
    an international Communist conspiracy.

103
  • AMERICAN Civil Rights - Warren Courts
    - Jackie Robinson Brooklyn Dodgers -
    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka -
    Little Rock School Desegregation - Civil
    Rights Act Poll Tax

104
  • AMERICAN Civil Rights - Rosa Parks -
    Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. - March on
    Washington - I have a dream .
    Gandhi .. Mandela . - Birmingham Protests
    - Black Muslims - Malcolm X -
    NAACP - Civil Unrest in Cities
    rioting out of frustration ...

105
  • AMERICAN Civil Rights - Cesar Chavez
    - NOW Betty Friedan Eleanor
    Roosevelt Nancy Reagan Hillary
    Clinton ERA - Roe v. Wade
    Sandra Day OConnor Geraldine Ferraro
    Female President ?

106
  • The major goal of the civil rights movement
    of the 1960s was to
  • 1. establish a separate political state for
    African Americans
  • 2. gain passage of an equal rights amendment to
    the Constitution
  • 3. end segregation based on race
  • 4. permit unlimited immigration to the United
    States

107
Under Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Supreme
Court was considered "activist" because of
its 1. reluctance to overturn state laws 2.
insistence on restricting freedom of speech
to spoken words 3. expansion of individual
rights in criminal cases 4. refusal to
reconsider the issues of the Plessy v.
Ferguson case
108
Which generalization can most accurately be drawn
from a study of Supreme Court cases Plessy v.
Ferguson and Brown v. Board of Education? 1.
The Supreme Court has issued consistent decisions
in cases involving rights of the accused.
2. Supreme Court decisions are accepted
without public controversy. 3. The Justices
believe that social issues are best left
for state courts to decide. 4. The Supreme
Court has helped to determine public
policy.
109
  • AMERICAN Civil Rights - Equal Employment
    Opportunity Act - Title IX -
    Affirmative Action - American Indian
    Movement - American Disability Act - US
    Supreme Court - Clarence Thomas

110
  • AMERICAN Civil Rights - Escobedo v.
    Illinois - Gideon v. Wainwright -
    Miranda v. Arizona - Baake v. University of
    California - Engle v. Vitale

111
  • The decisions of the United States Supreme
    Court in Miranda v. Arizona, Gideon v.
    Wainwright, and Escobedo v. Illinois all advanced
    the
  • 1. voting rights of minorities
  • 2. guarantees of free speech and press
  • 3. principle of separation of church and state
  • 4. rights of accused persons

112
  • 1960s JFK (John F. Kennedy) - Cuban
    Missile Crisis - Bay of Pigs Invasion
    - Vietnam - Gulf of Tonkin
    - Space Launches - Peace Corps
    Assassinations JFK
    Dr. Martin Luther King, JR. Bobby
    Kennedy

113
  • President John F. Kennedy supported the 1961
    Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba as an effort to
    (1) remove a communist dictator from power (2)
    stop the flow of illegal drugs to the
    United States (3) support Fidel Castro's efforts
    for reform (4) rescue hostages held by
    Cuban freedom fighters

114
The Alliance for Progress, proposed by President
Kennedy in 1961, can be most accurately called an
added dimension of? 1. the Truman
Doctrine. 2. the League of Nations. 3.
the Point Four Program. 4. the Lend-Lease
Act. 5. the Good Neighbor policy.
115
  • 1960s LBJ (Lyndon Johnson) - Vietnam
    Escalation - 500,000 troops -
    drugs - draft - Agent Orange
    Napalm - Vietnam Protests - Kent
    State - 60s Hippie Culture -
    Woodstock - Drugs - Pentagon Papers
    New York Times v. United States

116
  • 1960s LBJ (Lyndon Johnson) - Great
    Society - War on Poverty -
    VISTA - Neighborhood Youth Corp.
    - / Aid to Elderly -
    Non-discrimination Housing - Voting Rights
    Act of 1960s

117
The Great Society programs of the 1960s used the
power of the Federal Government to bring
about 1. an all-volunteer military 2.
antipoverty reforms 3. deregulation of business
4. reduced defense spending
118
  • The Great Society of Lyndon Johnson is most
    similar to which other Presidential program?
  • 1. Warren Hardings Return to Normalcy
  • 2. Franklin D. Roosevelts New Deal
  • 3. Ronald Reagans New Federalism
  • 4. George Bushs Thousand Points of Light

119
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting
    Rights Act, the Fair Housing Act, and the
    Americans with Disabilities Act were government
    efforts to (1) eliminate restrictions on
    immigration (2) end discrimination against
    various groups (3) provide federal aid for
    children (4) require equal treatment of men
    and woman

120
  • 1968 - 1973 Richard Nixon - War Powers
    Act - Paris Peace Accords - détente
    - Ping Pong Diplomacy - Inflation -
    Wage Price Freeze - Man on the Moon -
    Watergate - Impeachment - Nixon v.
    United States

121
"President Nixon Plans Trip to China To Meet with
Chairman Mao""President Carter Signs New Panama
Canal Treaty""President Clinton Concludes Trade
Agreement with Japan"Each headline illustrates
an action of a President fulfilling his role
as 1. head of his political party 3.
chief diplomat 2. Commander in Chief 4.
chief legislator
122
The main significance of the Watergate affair was
that it 1. led to the impeachment and
conviction of President Richard Nixon 2.
showed that the laws of the United States are
superior to the actions of a President 3. was
the first time a President had disagreed
with Congress 4. proved that Presidential
powers are unlimited
123
Which principle was most weakened as a result
of the Watergate controversy? 1.
congressional immunity 2. judicial
review 3. executive privilege 4.
States' Rights
124
  • 1970s Gerald Ford - not elected -
    Nixon pardon - economic recession -
    OPEC oil embargo

125
  • 1970s Jimmy Carter - Created -
    Department of Education - Department of
    Energy - set aside virgin lands in
    Alaska -- recession - unemployment
    - High Interest rates - oil shortage
    -- Iran Ayatollah Khomeini - oil cut off
    - 52 US hostages for 444 days

126
Which factor contributed most to inflation in the
United States during the 1970s? (1) high
tariffs (2) oil embargoes (3) tax
increases (4) high unemployment
127
  • 1980s Ronald Reagan - Conservative Right
    - Strong Foreign Policy build up US
    military - Iran Hostage Crisis
    -- Iran - Contra - Fall of Communism
    - détente nuclear arms reductions -
    Nicaragua - US involvement in Persian Gulf
    beginning - reflaging Kuwait oil tankers

128
  • 1980s Ronald Reagan - Conservative Right
    - Domestic Policy - supply economics
    - trickle down economics -
    tax cuts to rich, big business - US
    land sold in West - New Federalism
    - given to States - Federal
    funding cut - education
    - elderly

129
  • 1980s Ronald Reagan - Conservative Right
    - Domestic Policy Part II
    Economic Upswing
    Employment Interest rates lowered

130
  • Ronald Reagans election win in the 1980
    presidential race showed the power of 1.
    liberal, Far Left, democrats2. conservative,
    New Right, republicans3. federalists4.
    isolationists

131
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132
The "supply side" economics of President Ronald
Reagan and President George Bush favored
133
  • 1980s/90s George Bush Sr. - Foreign
    Policy - Operation Desert Storm 1990 -
    91 5 weeks - Invasion of
    Panama - Domestic Policy -
    recession - unemployment -
    poverty rate - Government bail out of
    Savings Loans

134
The Korean War and the Persian Gulf War were
similar in that both
135
  • 1990s Bill Clinton - Foreign Policy
    - Somalia - Bosnia Kosovo - Haiti
    - NAFTA - Domestic
    Policy - economic upswing
    employment Health Care
    Family Leave Balanced Budget

136
  • 1990s Bill Clinton - Downfall / Pitfall
    - Sex Scandal - Arkansas Land Deal

137
  • What general theme did Bill Clinton stress
    most consistently in his 1992 presidential
    campaign? 1. equal rights for all
    minorities.2. an immediate freeze of military
    spending.3. the economy.4. health care reform.

138
  • 2000 - 2002 George Bush Jr. - Terrorism
    comes home - 9/11 . WTC Pentagon
    - Homeland Defense - Afghanistan
    - Iraq ? Foreign Policy (1st Strike
    Pre emptive) get them before
    they get you

139
  • 2000 - 2004 George W. Bush (II) Domestic
    - Unemployment - Gas prices
    - Society. general fear
    anthrax - Growing Federal Budget
    Deficit - School violence bomb
    threats, physical attacks Election of 2004
    November 2, 2004

140
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141
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142
  • Problems going into the 21st Century -
    Education - raising standards -
    cost - keeping pace with Technology -
    Housing costs - People living longer
    - Social Security - Medical costs
    - Jobs as people can work more years
    - Racial Harmony - Inner City Crime
    - Pervasiveness among upper class

143
  • Problems going into the 21st Century -
    Military costs - Global warming -
    Fresh water supply - Alternative Energy
    sources - Electricity - cost
    - supply enough of it ? ? ? -
    Farmers plight problems - costs
    - to produce - taxes on
    land

144
  • Problems going into the 21st Century -
    Terrorism - stereotyping - fear
    general panic - mass media (TV) overkill

145
  • The growth of modern technology has resulted
    in1. a decrease in the population of the world
    2. increasing interdependence among nations 3.
    a growing need for unskilled labor 4. a sharp
    decline in the need for oil and coal

146
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