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MILITARY POLICE CORPS HISTORY

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HISTORY. WHY STUDY HISTORY? NOT REPEAT MISTAKES OF PAST. UNDERSTAND HOW THE PAST AFFECTS TODAY ... STUDY MILITARY POLICE HISTORY? UNDERSTAND THE ORGANIZATION ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MILITARY POLICE CORPS HISTORY


1
MILITARY POLICECORPS HISTORY
2
General George Patton, Jr.
Napoleon
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
3
(No Transcript)
4
MILITARY POLICE HISTORY
5
WHAT IS HISTORY?
DATES AND BATTLES
A BRANCH OF KNOWLEDGE THAT RECORDS AND EXPLAINS
PAST EVENTS
6
HISTORY
7
WHY STUDY HISTORY?
  • NOT REPEAT MISTAKES OF PAST
  • UNDERSTAND HOW THE PAST AFFECTS TODAY
  • TO SEE WHERE WE ARE GOING, WE MUST KNOW WHERE WE
    HAVE BEEN

8
WHY STUDY MILITARY POLICE HISTORY?
  • UNDERSTAND THE ORGANIZATION/HOW DEVELOPED
  • BE AWARE OF SACRIFICES OF PAST
  • PRIDE

9
RELEVANCE OF MILITARY HISTORY
1. VICARIOUS EXPERIENCE 2. ANALYTICAL TOOL 3.
SELF-DEVELOPMENT 4. COMPARE THEORY WITH
PRACTICE 5. BROADEN BACKGROUND 6. PROMOTE MATURE
JUDGEMENT 7. SHARPEN AWARENESS 8. HUMAN SIDE OF
WAR
10
MODERN MILITARY POLICE CORPS
MULTI-FACETED ORGANIZATION
  • ENFORCE MILITARY LAW
  • MAINTAIN ORDER
  • HUMANITARIAN AID
  • STOCKADES/PRISONS

11
  • MOVEMENT ON BATTLEFIELD
  • COMBAT
  • PRISONERS OF WAR

  • DEFEAT THE ENEMY

12
REVOLUTIONARY WAR 1775-1783
  • CONTINENTIAL ARMY- JUNE 14, 1775
  • REGULARS AND MILITIA
  • UNTRAINED
  • UNDISCIPLINED
  • DISORDERLY

DRUNKENESS BRAWLING DESERTION
13
FIRST MILITARY POLICE
  • JANUARY 1776-
  • WM. MARONEY
  • PROVOST GUARD

INVALID CORPS JUNE 1777 COL LEWIS NICOLA
  • CAMP
  • JAIL
  • EXECUTION

14
FIRST MILITARY POLICE CORPS
  • MARECHAUSSEE
  • (MARSHEY) CORPS,
  • 63 TO 300 MEN
  • LIGHT DRAGOONS

15
CAPT. BARTHOLOMEW VON HEER
  • PATROL CAMP
  • ARREST
  • PROTECT
  • SUPPLIES
  • PATROL FLANK
  • AND REAR
  • COLLECT INTEL
  • RIVER CROSS
  • BATTLES SPRINGFIELD AND YORKTOWN

16
1784-1848
  • FRONTIER-
  • POLICE DUTIES
  • WAR OF 1812
  • PROVOST GUARD INVALID CORPS
  • POW GUARDS REGT POLICE
  • MEXICAN WAR
  • SEPT 1847-
  • 400 INFANTRY
  • POLICE CENTRAL
  • MEXICO
  • 9 COMPANIES- DRAGOONS
  • ENFORCE MARTIAL LAW

17
AMERICAN CIVIL WAR
  • SUMMER 1861- PROPERTY THEFT
  • GEN. IRWIN MCDOWELL- REGIMENTAL PMS
  • GEN. GEORGE MCCLELLAN EXPAND TO DIV/CORPS/ARMY

18
  • PROVOST GUARD- CONTROL THEFT
  • STRAGGLERS, LAW AND ORDER
  • APPREHEND DESERTERS
  • MAR 63-APR 65 76,000 OUT OF 200,000
  • ESCORT POWS TO PRISONS

19
PROVOST MARSHAL CORPS
  • AUG 61- BG ANDREW PORTER
  • PM OF ARMY OF POTOMAC
  • REGIMENTS DETAILED
  • BATTLES
  • SEVEN DAYS
  • ANTIETAM

20
OCT 62 BG MARSENA R. PATRICK
BATTLES
FREDERICKSBURG GETTYSBURG COLD HARBOR PETERSBURG
21
INVALID CORPS/VRC
  • APR 63- INVALID CORPS
  • GUARD, ESCORT AND POLICE
  • APR 64- 24 REGTS/ 188 COS
  • SKY-BLUE UNIFORM

22
  • IC INSPECTED/CONDEMNED
  • MAR 64-
  • VETERANS
  • RESERVE
  • CORPS
  • (VRC)
  • OCT 64- 28,000

23
U.S.PROVOST MARSHAL
BG JAMES FRY 1863 UNION DRAFT RIOTS-NYC 5 DAYS
WITH 100,000 TROOPS
24
MEDAL OF HONOR
1ST LT. WM . MCCAMMON, 3 OCT 1862- CORINTH,
MISS. SGT ANDREW BRYANT, 23 MAY 1863-NEW BERN,
N.C. SGT WILLIAM WRAY, 12 JUL 1864- FT.
STEPHENS WASHINGTON, D.C.
25
CONFEDERATE PMS
  • PM WITH EACH CORPS/ARMY
  • PROVOST GUARD- EACH
  • TOWN AND RAILROAD DEPOT
  • INVALID CORPS GUARD
  • COMMISSARIES/QTR-MASTER
  • DEPOTS/HOSPITALS AND
  • ESCORT POWS

26
SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
  • FEB 15, 1898-USS MAINE SANK
  • TWO-FRONT WAR--  CUBA/PHILIPPINE ISLANDS
  •   
  • 1 JULY, 1898-
  • INVASION
  •  REVOLUTION
  • 1899-1905
  • DEAD
  • 4,000 AMERICANS
  • 16,000 FILIPINOS
  •   

27
  • 1901- CONSTABULARY EST.
  • AMERICAN/FILIPINO
  • CHIEF- BG HARRY ALLEN
  • DEPUTY- COL. HARRY H. BANDHOLTZ
  •  FIRST CALLED--MILITARY POLICE
  • 1907- BANDHOLTZ PROMOTED TO BG
  • CHIEF OF CONSTABULARY
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