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THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR

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Assistant Secretary of Navy Theodore Roosevelt. Commodore Dewey (Asiatic Squadron) ... Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders charge up. San Juan Hill on July ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR


1
THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR
"The war of the United States with Spain was very
brief. Its results were many, startling, and of
world-wide meaning." Henry Cabot Lodge
2
Philippines
Cuba
3
CUBA
  • Discovered by Columbus (1493)
  • Pearl of Sp. Empire (Sugar)

4
U.S. and Cuba Economic Relations
  • 1894 90 of Cubas exports go to U.S.
  • Raw sugar sold to U.S. refiners
  • 90 miles from FL keys

5
  • Maximo Gomez
  • Upset about Spanish taxes and slavery
  • Organized Ten Years War (1868-78)
  • Military leader of Cuban Revolution (1895)
    inspired by Marti

6
Cover illustration by W. A. Rogers Harper's
Weekly (April 30, 1898) Cause of Cuba is one of
ALL Cubans Cuba Libre
7
  • In response to 1895 Cuban Revolution, General
    Weyler arrives
  • Spanish governor in Cuba
  • Begins reconcentration policy
  • MEAN guy!

8

9
  • Discovered by Magellan (1521)
  • Major exports Sugar, hemp, tobacco

10
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Becomes leader of Katipunan (1897)
  • Spain preoccupied w/ Cuba
  • Agrees to be exiled to Hong Kong in return for
  • Returns in 1898 to help U.S. fight Spain

11
Worlds Columbian Exposition Opened May 1, 1893
12
Frederick Jackson Turner
  • Historian and speaker at the fair
  • Frontier has closed (the West)
  • Need to open a new frontier (overseas)

13
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14
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15
I should welcome almost any war for I think
this country needs one. Theodore Roosevelt
16
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17
William Randolph Hearst
  • Editor of New York Journal
  • Competed w/ Joseph Pulitzers New York World
  • Yellow Journalism
  • Hearst hires Outcault (cartoonist) from Pulitzer

18
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19
Evangelina Cisneros Cuba portrayed as a damsel
in distress
20
Battleship Maine January 24, 1898
21
Battleship Maine February 15, 1898
22
Explosion of Maine
  • 26 American sailors killed
  • Blamed Spanish Remember the Mainethe hell w/
    Spain!
  • Hearsts NY Journal offers 50,000 reward
  • President McKinley still avoids war
  • Most likely was an accident

23
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24
Teller AmendmentApril 1898
  • United States disclaims any intention to
    exercise control over Cuba, except for
    pacification, and asserts when that is
    accomplished, to leave the island to its people.
  • Demands Spanish forces to w/draw from Cuba

25
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26
  • Mobilization of
  • U.S. Navy
  • Assistant Secretary of Navy Theodore Roosevelt
  • Commodore Dewey (Asiatic Squadron)
  • April 22, 1898 Blockade of Havana led by
    Admiral Sampson

27
April 25, 1898
28
Mobilization of U.S. Army
  • Lafayette College (PA)
  • Cornell University (NY)
  • U.S.28,000 men
  • Spain150,000 men in Cuba

29
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30
  • Manila Bay
  • May 1, 1898
  • Deweys Asiatic Squadron defeats Sp.
  • Aguinaldo returns to Manila to help U.S.

31
First U.S. troops land in Cuba
32
Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders charge up
San Juan Hill on July 1, 1898.
33
U.S. Victory at Santiago Bay July 17, 1898
34
Meanwhile in the Philippines...
  • U.S. troops arrive in July (2 months after
    Deweys victory at Manila Bay)
  • Spanish running low on food and water
  • Spain finally surrenders
  • in August 1898

35
Yellow fever strikes U.S. soldiers during peace
negotiations2,000 die
36
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37
  • Treaty of Paris
  • Signed on December 10, 1898
  • Spain gives up the Philippines, Cuba, Guam, and
    Puerto Rico
  • U.S. gives 20 million for the Philippines

38
Ratification of TreatyFebruary 6, 1899
  • FOR Senators Hoar and Vest (morally wrong)
  • AGAINST Senator Nelson and Henry Cabot Lodge
    (duty/obligation to civilize and become world
    power)
  • Anti-Imperialist League

39
Uncle Sam Wishes to Add Another Star to His
Flag American Monthly Review of Reviews (July
1898)
40
Aftermath of War Cuba
  • President McKinley passes Platt Amendment
  • 1. Cuba made U.S. protectorate
  • 2. U.S. can intervene in Cubas affairs
  • 3. U.S. can establish naval base at Guantanamo
    Bay

41
  • Andrew Carnegie
  • Industrialist
  • Member of Anti-Imperialist League
  • Offers to pay 20 million to give the Philippines
    its independence

42
Philippine Revolution
  • Only language allowed was English, anything
    anti-American was made illegal, Philippine flag
    was banned
  • Filipinos refuse to recognize this government
  • Brutal guerilla warfare ensues from 1899-1902
  • 4,200 U.S. soldiers, 20,000 Filipino soldiers,
    200,000 Filipino civilians dead

43
  • William Taft
  • Aguinaldo captured in 1901
  • Appointed governor of the Philippines

44
President McKinley assassinated Teddy Roosevelt
becomes President September 1901
45
Flag of Cuba
Flag of the Philippines
46
Mast of the USS Maine Arlington National Cemetary
47
The End
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