Italian Front First World War War Sun Woo and Ji Ye - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Title: Italian Front First World War War Sun Woo and Ji Ye


1
Italian Front
  • Sun Woo Lee Ji-Ye Yoon

Please click on the speaker icon on the
right-hand corner of each slide.
2
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3
Leaders Involved
?Conrad von Hotzendorf Austro-Hungarian
Commander-in-Chief
?Luigi Cadorna Italian Chief of Staff
?Svetozar Boroevic von Bojna Austro-Hungarian
field marshal
4
Battles of the Isonzo (June 1915 November 1917)
5
1st battle of Isonzo
  • the First Jump
  • series of attacks to boost Italian armys
    position
  • Cadrona duplicated early mistakes of the Western
    Front

6
2nd battle of Isonzo
  • Cadrona realized Italys lack of artillery
    strength took steps to boost artillery
    availability.
  • However called off operations once it became
    clear that he had insufficient amount of
    artillery.

7
3rd battle of Isonzo
  • Lasted for 2 weeks
  • Main target Gorizia
  • Same result costly repulse complete failure

8
4th battle of Isonzo
  • Main target Gorizia Carso
  • Austro-Hungary requested military assistance from
    their German allies
  • aid took a long time to come.

9
5th battle of Isonzo
  • Cadorna acting under pressure from French
    Commander-in-Chief to relieve German pressure
  • Italy shortage of men artillery
  • Main target Gorizia

10
Battle of Asiago
  • First sole offensive initiated by the
    Austro-Hungarians on the Italians.
  • Austro-Hungarian gt Italian.
  • Fears of invasion arose among Italians.

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12
6th Battle of Isonzo
  • Battle of Gorizia.
  • Finally succeeded. (6th August 1916)
  • Established bridgehead across Isonzo.
  • Italian government declared war on Germany. (28th
    August 1916)
  • Italians changed tactics
  • Following 3 battles were short and sharp

13
7th, 8th, 9th Battles of Isonzo
  • 7th Battle 14-17th September 1916.
  • 8th Battle 10-12th October 1916.
  • 9th Battle 1-4th November 1916.
  • Cadorna now focused on single targets.
  • Heavy casualties on both sides.
  • Harder for either side to recuperate.

14
9th Battle of Isonzo (Cont.)
  • Failure for Italy.
  • Heavy casualties on both sides.
  • Austria-Hungary calls for military assistance
    from Germany.
  • Germans sense the collapse of their ally and come
    to help.

15
10th Battle of Isonzo
  • 10th May 8th June 1917.
  • Contingency plan British French will aid Italy
    only when an emergency.
  • Italians switched tactics again.
  • Not much territorial gain.

16
11th Battle of Isonzo
  • 19th August 12th September 1917.
  • Greatest number of divisions artillery.
  • Territorial success.
  • Ran out of artillery supply.
  • Last battle initiated by Italy.
  • Capello ignoring Cadornas orders Italian
    disaster.
  • German interference late October.

17
12th Battle of Isonzo
  • Battle of Caporetto.
  • Largest battle initiated by Austria-Hungary.
  • Austria-Hungary Germany v.s. Italy.
  • Cadorna unaware of the power of Austria-Hungary
    and Germany combined.
  • Success for Central Powers.
  • Chance for Austro-Hungarian army to recuperate.
  • Italian defeat Cadornas dismissal.

18
Battle of the Piave River
  • 15-22th June 1918.
  • Last major Austro-Hungarian attack.
  • Austria-Hungary supplies are low demoralized,
    weakened army.
  • Heavy Italian counter-attacks.

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20
Battle of Vittorio Veneto
  • 23rd October 4th November 1918.
  • Final action on Italian Front.
  • End to Austro-Hungarian Empire.
  • Italians with higher morale than the
    Austro-Hungarians crucial factor.

21
The End
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