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Title:

Diabetes

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Proper steps can delay or prevent diabetes. Symptoms of developing diabetes. Extreme thirst ... if you exhibit these symptoms. Diabetes pyramid/nutrition ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Diabetes


1
Diabetes
FNEP STAFF TRAINING ONLY, DO NOT USE WITH FNEP
PARTICIPANTS
  • Melissa Bess
  • Nutrition and Health Education Specialist

07/2007
2
Overview
  • Statistics
  • What is diabetes?
  • Blood glucose
  • Types of diabetes
  • Diabetes pyramid/nutrition
  • Relation to other chronic diseases
  • Prevention
  • Are you at risk?
  • Myths about diabetes

3
Statistics
  • 20.8 million children and adults
  • 7 of the population
  • 14.6 million diagnosed
  • 6.2 million unaware
  • About equal in men and women
  • 2 to 4 times higher in non-Hispanic blacks,
    Hispanic/Latino American, American Indian, and
    Asian/Pacific than non-Hispanic whites
  • 5th deadliest disease in U.S., no cure

4
What is diabetes?
  • Carbs digested into glucose
  • Glucose energy for cells
  • Insulin (hormone) unlocks cells for glucose
  • In diabetes
  • Not enough insulin
  • Insulin doesnt work properly
  • Exact cause is mystery but genetics and
    environment plays a role

5
When things work correctly
Glucose enters the cell
6
What goes wrong in diabetes
(Slide depicts insulin resistance Body cant
use insulin)
7
Blood glucose
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Low blood glucose
  • Hyperglycemia
  • High blood glucose
  • Fasting blood glucose
  • Healthy under 100
  • Pre-diabetes 100-125
  • Diabetes 125 or higher

8
Types of diabetes
  • Type I
  • Body does NOT produce insulin
  • 5-10 of Americans
  • Used to be called juvenile-onset
  • Type II
  • Insulin resistance body doesnt use insulin
    properly
  • May be combined with insulin deficiency
  • Larger percentage of people
  • Used to be called adult-onset

9
Types of diabetes
  • Gestational diabetes
  • 4 of pregnant women in the U.S. each year
  • Usually goes away after pregnancy
  • Pre-diabetes
  • Higher blood glucose levels than normal, but not
    high enough for diagnosis
  • 54 million Americans
  • Proper steps can delay or prevent diabetes

10
Symptoms of developing diabetes
  • Extreme thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Contact a doctor if you exhibit these symptoms

11
Diabetes pyramid/nutrition
Source American Diabetes Association
12
Diabetes pyramid/nutrition
  • Carbs
  • What food groups are higher in carbs?
  • Differences from Mypyramid
  • Serving sizes
  • Heart-healthy eating
  • Fiber, vitamins, minerals, etc.

13
Chronic diseases
  • Those with diabetes
  • 2x higher risk for heart disease
  • 4x higher risk for stroke
  • Other complications
  • Foot problems
  • Eye problems
  • Kidney problems
  • Teeth/gum problems
  • People with diabetes must take care of themselves!

14
Prevention of diabetes
  • Healthy eating
  • Exercise
  • Exercise helps cell uptake glucose more
    effectively
  • Lose extra weight
  • Monitor blood glucose

15
Are you at risk?
  • Lets take the quiz

16
Myths about diabetes
  • Eating too much sugar causes diabetes
  • You should never eat carbs if you have diabetes
  • If you have pre-diabetes, there is nothing you
    can do to prevent Type II diabetes
  • You can catch diabetes from someone else
  • Sugar raises blood glucose/blood sugar more than
    other carbs do
  • Herbs and natural supplements can help prevent or
    treat diabetes

17
For more info
  • American Diabetes Association
  • www.diabetes.org
  • National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse
  • http//diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/
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