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Yoga Health Psychology Daniel Bradford Amber Goodwin Charity Lindsey Jessica Motte

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Title: Yoga Health Psychology Daniel Bradford Amber Goodwin Charity Lindsey Jessica Motte


1
Yoga Health Psychology Daniel Bradford Amber
Goodwin Charity Lindsey Jessica Motte
2
What is Yoga?
  • ...the bonding of mind, body, soul.

Everything You Need to Know About Yoga An
Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New
York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.
3
4 Main Types of Yoga
  • 1. Bhaki Yoga - path of devotion
  • Chanting
  • 2. Karma Yoga - path of selflessness
  • action, ____________, service
  • 3. Jhana Yoga - path of transcendental
    knowledge
  • scholarship

Everything You Need to Know About Yoga An
Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New
York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.
4
  • 4. Ashtanga Yoga - path of Patanjali
  • 8 Steps
  • Self Control
  • Character / Self Purification
  • Body Postures
  • ____________
  • Merging of the senses
  • Concentration
  • Meditation
  • Absorption

Everything You Need to Know About Yoga An
Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New
York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.
5
5 Restraints
  • Nonviolence
  • includes ____________ and environmentalism
  • Truthfulness
  • Non-stealing
  • Abstinence
  • Non-possessiveness

Everything You Need to Know About Yoga An
Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New
York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.
6
Yoga Vocab
  • Meditation - focusing intently on one sound,
    idea, image, or goal
  • Unity - being one with the self, others, and
    world
  • ____________ - sound, word, or phrase that is
    repeated during meditation

7
Benefits
  • Improvements in patients with
  • ____________
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Asthma
  • Epilepsy
  • Psychological Disorders

8
Arthritis
  • Rheumatoid Osteoarthritis of hands
  • Increased handgrip strength
  • Increased ____________
  • Decreased pain

Dash, M., Telles, S. (2001). Improvement in
handgrip strength in rheumatoid arthritis
patients following yoga training. Indian Journal
of Physiology and Pharmacology, 45(3),
355-360. Garfinkel, M., Shumacher H., Hussain
A., and Levy, M. (1994). Evaluation of a yoga
based regimen for treatment of osteoarthritis of
the hands. Journal of Rheumatology, 21(12),
2341-2343.
9
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Increased handgrip
  • Pain reduction

Garfinkle, M., Singhal A., Katz W., and Allan, D.
(1998). Yoga-based intervention for carpal tunnel
syndrome A randomized trial. Journal of the
American Medical Association, 280(18), 1601-1603.
10
Asthma
  • Increased breathing
  • Increased ____________

Iyengar, B., Manocha R., Marks G., and Peters, D.
(2002). Sahaja yoga in the management of moderate
to severe asthma A randomized controlled trial.
Thorax Journal, 57(2), 110-115.
11
Epilepsy
  • ____________ in frequency and duration of attacks
    when yoga used with prescription medication

Ramaratnam S, Sridharan K.  Yoga for epilepsy.
 Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000, (3)
 CD001524.  PMID  10908505 PubMed - indexed for
MEDLINE.
12
Psychological Disorders Mood Change
  • Decreased anxiety
  • Decreased depression
  • Defense Institute of Physiology and Allied
    Sciences of India
  • Better control over emotional ____________
  • State Research Institute of Physiology, Russian
    Academy of Medical Sciences

Lavey, R., Sherman, T. (2005). The effects of
yoga on mood in psychiatric patients.
Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4),
399-402. Ray, U., Mukhopadhyaya S., Tomer, O.,
Thakur, L. (2001). Effect of yogic exercises on
physical and mental health. Indian Journal of
Physiology and Pharmacology, 45(1), 37-53.
13
Psychological Disorders, cont.
  • Improvements in
  • Tension-anxiety
  • Depression
  • ____________
  • Fatigue-inertia
  • Confusion

Lavey, R., Sherman, T. (2005). The effects of
yoga on mood in psychiatric patients.
Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4),
399-402.
14
Empirical Research in Yoga
15
Research Questions
  • What do we want to know about yoga?
  • Does it really help?
  • we need empirical evidence
  • controlled studies

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research
questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion
Culture, 3(1), 71-83.
16
Questions, cont.
  • In what ways can we prove it helps?
  • statistical proof
  • hard evidence
  • not only ____________

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research
questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion
Culture, 3(1), 71-83.
17
Questions, cont.
  • How does it help?
  • what is the mechanism
  • is it something measurable?
  • How do we find this out???

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research
questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion
Culture, 3(1), 71-83.
18
Watts take
  • Two questions
  • process questions
  • outcome questions

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research
questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion
Culture, 3(1), 71-83.
19
  • Outcome Questions
  • naturalistic
  • advantages accomplishment, authentic pursuit,
    early studies.
  • disadvantages what is actually special,
    comparison.
  • experimental
  • advantages comparison, control, statistics
  • disadvantages only part of yoga,
  • Our Continuing problem…

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research
questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion
Culture, 3(1), 71-83.
20
  • Process questions
  • _______________
  • mind effect on body
  • breathing
  • stability and control
  • awareness
  • What did Jung have to say about it?

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research
questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion
Culture, 3(1), 71-83.
21
Lavey, R. et al. (2005). The effects of yoga on
mood in psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatric
Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4), 399-402.
22
  • What are some alternative explanations for this?
  • ________________________
  • general relaxation
  • changes in mood from first to last class
  • sample six

Lavey, R. et al. (2005). The effects of yoga on
mood in psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatric
Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4), 399-402.
23
Class Activity
  • Breathing Exercise led by
  • Gautam Jeppu
  • Civil Engineering Grad Student
  • Trained in numerous forms of yoga including
    Ashtanga Yoga, Dharmastala Yoga, Iyengar Yoga
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