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The Law of Moses

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Deuteronomy reviews the laws in sermons delivered by Moses near the end of his life. ... Only from split-hoofed cud-chewing animals: no camels, rabbits, or pigs ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Law of Moses


1
The Law of Moses
  • Books that contain The Law of Moses
  • Exodus
  • Leviticus
  • Numbers
  • Deuteronomy
  • Distinctions between the books
  • Exodus is the initial narrating of the giving of
    the Law, and includes much of it.
  • Leviticus contains much technical information
    about worship conducted by the priests.
  • Numbers includes censuses and laws in the
    concluding narrative of the Israelites under
    Moses
  • Deuteronomy reviews the laws in sermons delivered
    by Moses near the end of his life.
  • The books sometimes overlap sometimes contain
    laws unique to the individual books.

2
New Testament Context Brief Highlights
  • Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or
    the Prophets I did not come to abolish but to
    fulfill. Matthew 517
  • For the Law was given through Moses grace and
    truth were realized through Jesus Christ. John
    117
  •  For what the Law could not do, weak as it was
    through the flesh, God did sending His own Son
    in the likeness of sinful flesh and as an
    offering for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh,
    so that the requirement of the Law might be
    fulfilled in us, who do not walk according to the
    flesh but according to the Spirit. Romans 83-4
  • When He said, " A new covenant," He has made the
    first obsolete But whatever is becoming obsolete
    and growing old is ready to disappear. Hebrews
    813

3
Galatians 3
  •  22But the Scripture has shut up everyone under
    sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ
    might be given to those who believe.
  •  23But before faith came, we were kept in custody
    under the law, being shut up to the faith which
    was later to be revealed.
  •  24Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead
    us to Christ, so that we may be justified by
    faith.
  •  25But now that faith has come, we are no longer
    under a tutor.
  •  26For you are all sons of God through faith in
    Christ Jesus.
  •  27For all of you who were baptized into Christ
    have clothed yourselves with Christ.
  •  28There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is
    neither slave nor free man, there is neither male
    nor female for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
  •  29And if you belong to Christ, then you are
    Abraham's descendants, heirs according to
    promise.

4
Religious Laws of Moses
  • Leviticus and Related Passages

5
Special Days
Sabbath Holy 7th Day of the Week Lev. 233 No
work, and Holy Convocation 39 "Creative Works
Forbidden on Sabbath Jewish, not Christian Mk
229 Jesus said to them, The Sabbath was made
for man, and not man for the Sabbath. Colossians
316 Therefore do not let anyone judge you by
what you eat or drink, or with regard to a
religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a
Sabbath day. Three Feasts A Fast Sabbaticals
Jubilee
6
Sabbath Prohibitions
  • Categories of Melachot (creative work)
  • Bread making activities
  • Garment making activities
  • Leather making activities
  • Other creative activities

7
Melachot (Work) Forbidden on Sabbath
  • Bread making activities
  • Sowing, Plowing, Reaping, Binding sheaves,
    Threshing, Winnowing, Selecting, Grinding,
    Sifting, Kneading, Baking
  • Garment making activities
  • Wool washing, beating, dyeing Spinning, Weaving
    Making two loops Weaving or separating two
    threads Tying, untying, sewing stitches Tearing
  • Leather making activities
  • Trapping , Slaughtering , Flaying , Salting meat
    , Curing hide , Scraping hide , Cutting hide up
  • Other creative activities
  • Writing or erasing two or more letters Building
    Tearing down Extinguishing or kindling a fire
    Putting finishing touches on an object
    Transporting something between private public
    domains, or in public

8
Some Modern Interpretations of Sabbath
  • Do not cook on the Sabbath.
  • Cook ahead keep warm on blech or in crockpot
  • Do not start or extinguish fire.
  • Walk, don't drive (spark/burn fuel).
  • Avoid weekday activities such as shopping.
  • Do not move money, do bills, use wallet, purse
  • Do not complete even an electrical circuit.
  • Don't turn on lights, telephone, radio, tv, etc
  • Do not unattach,creating something new.
  • Pre-tear toilet paper , paper towels, etc.
  • Do not write or erase on the Sabbath.
  • Don't even tear writing on a container.

9
Special Days
Sabbath Three Feasts A Fast Passover Pesach
(Apr 3, 2007) Weeks (or First Fruits) Shavuot
(May 23, 2007) Atonement Yom Kippur (Sept 22,
2007) Tabernacles Sukkot (Sept 27,
2007) Sabbaticals Jubilee
10
Special Days
Sabbath Three Feasts A Fast Passover Pesach
and Unleavened Bread Lev 235-9 Celebrates
exodus from Egypt The Seder meal in homes 7 days
of special flat bread Weeks (or First Fruits)
Shavuot Atonement Yom Kippur Tabernacles
Sukkot Sabbaticals Jubilee
11
Three Feasts and A Fast
  • Passover Pesach
  • Feast of Weeks (or First Fruits) Shavuot
  • Lev 239-22
  • Pentecost 50 days after the day after the
    Sabbath (the one after Passover and Unleavened
    Bread)
  • Feast of Ingathering First Harvest Special
    Offerings
  • (Modern) Customs Celebration of the giving of
    the Ten Commandments read Scripture all night
    eat dairy decorate with greenery and flowers
  • Atonement Yom Kippur
  • Tabernacles Sukkot

12
Three Feasts and A Fast
  • Passover Pesach
  • Weeks (or First Fruits) Shavuot
  • Atonement Yom Kippur
  • Lev Lev 16 2326-32
  • Annual Fast, reflection on sins, cleansing
    See Isa 583-5 Ezra 821 afflict ? fast
  • Sacrifices and Scapegoat (Azazel)
  • Five Prohibitions on Yom Kippur eating or
    drinking bathing using creams or oils wearing
    leather shoes sexual relations.
  • Tabernacles Sukkot

13
Three Feasts and A Fast
  • Passover Pesach
  • Feast of Weeks (or First Fruits) Shavuot
  • Atonement Yom Kippur
  • Tabernacles Sukkot
  • Lev. 2333-44
  • Feast in memory of delivery from Egypt
  • Live (at least eat) in booths 7 days

14
Special Years SABBATICALS JUBILEE
  • Leviticus 2523, 55 The land, moreover, shall
    not be sold permanently, for the land is Mine
    for you are but aliens and sojourners with Me.
    The sons of Israel are My servants they are my
    servants whom I brought out from the and of
    Egypt.
  • Sabattical Every 7th year - No farming Lev
    252-4
  • 6th year produces enough for the break
  • Jubilee Every 50th year Lev 258-13
  • Release mortgages and indentured service for debts

15
Personal Consecration
16
Unclean
  • Unclean in Leviticus means not in a condition to
    go to the sanctuary.

17
Separateness Rules
  • Separateness by Not Mixing Things
  • Lev 1919 cattle breeds, seed hybrids, fabric
    blends
  • Deut 225, 10 male/female clothes ox/donkey
    plowing
  • Separateness by Grooming Hygiene
  • Lev 1927 Grow out forelocks and beard
  • Deut 2212 Num 1538 Wear tassels on garment
    corners
  • Deut 2312-14 Practice discrete bathroom habits
  • Separateness by Exclusions from The Assembly
  • Deut 231-2 Castration? children of forbidden
    unions10
  • Deut 233-8 Ammonites/Moabites10
    Edomites/Egyptians3
  • Compare priestly restrictions in Lev 2117-23

18
Practices That Reinforce Consecration
  • You shall be holy, for I the Lord our God am
    holy.
  • Private events that remind everyone of holiness
  • Childbirth Lev 122-6
  • Exclusion from sanctuary 33(boy) or 66(girl) days
  • Burnt offering and sin offering at tabernacle
  • Infections and Discharges
  • Leprosy Lev 132-4 146-12, 54-57
  • Bird ritual outside camp
  • Thorough shaving and washing
  • Semi-exclusion 7 days
  • Sin and burnt offerings and more ceremony at
    tabernacle
  • General discharges.

19
  • Private events that remind everyone of holiness
  • Discharges in general Lev 152, 13-15
  • Bathe and wash anything you contaminate
  • After 7 days, sin/burnt offerings (birds)
  • Discharge of semen Lev 1516-18
  • Bathe and wash soiled garments
  • Exclude self from sanctuary until evening
  • Same for woman in contact with his seminal
    emission
  • Menstrual flow Lev 1519-30
  • Exclude self from sanctuary for 7 days
  • Also exclude till p.m. those who touch what she
    touches
  • Also exclude for 7 days a man who lies with her
  • Bathe and bring sin/burnt offerings (birds) to
    tabernacle.

20
Diet Restrictions
  • Fish Lev 1112
  • Only with fins and scales
  • Fowl Lev 1113-19
  • None of these (mostly those that feed on
    carrion) Eagle, vulture, buzzard, falcon, raven,
    ostrich, owl, sea gull, hawk, pelican, stork,
    heron, bat
  • Insects Lev 1120-23
  • Only flying four-footedinsects with knees
    locusts, grasshoppers
  • Paws (none) Lev 1127
  • Creepy-crawlies Lev 1129-30
  • None that crawl on belly or all fours, or many
    feet mole, mouse, gecko, crocodile, lizard,
    chameleon
  • Fat Blood Lev 722-27
  • No fat from ox, sheep, goat
  • No fat from animal that died or was torn by
    beasts
  • No fat from offerings
  • No Blood
  • Meat Lev 112-12
  • Only from split-hoofed cud-chewing animals no
    camels, rabbits, or pigs
  • No goat in mother's milkEx 3426 Deut 1421

21
FORBIDDEN RELIGION
  • Idolatry
  • Death penalty for Child sacrifice to Molech,
    Molten gods, Asherah poles, Heavenly Hosts, Lev
    1821 194, 202 Deut 1231, 1621-22 172-5
    1810
  • Wipe out Canaanite idolatry. Deut 122-3
  • Death penalty for enticing to idolatry Deut
    132-10
  • Do not mention names of other gods Ex 2313
  • The Occult
  • Banish users of mediums and such Lev 208 Deut
    1810-12
  • Execute sorceress/medium/spiritist Ex 2218 Lev
    2027
  • Blasphemy
  • False oath in the Lord's Name Lev 1912
  • Death penalty for cursing/blaspheming God. Lev
    2415-16
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