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American Sign Language is a language that incorporates mime, and picturelike images to express and c

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While watching another person sign, it is appropriate to focus on the signers face. ... Avoid talking (voicing) in the presence of a Deaf person without signing ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American Sign Language is a language that incorporates mime, and picturelike images to express and c


1
American Sign Language is a language that
incorporates mime, and picture-like images to
express and convey abstract ideas and concepts.
Also, ASL uses space and movement to convey
meaning.
2
Did you know that 90 of Deaf have hearing
parents?
3
ASL is used in Canada and the U.S.
4
      ASL is most similar to French Sign Language
5
ASL and the culture are transmitted from
generation to generation primarily through
residential schools and Deaf adults.
6
Did you know that facial expression, head
movements, and eye gaze in ASL is primarily
grammatical?
7
While watching another person sign, it is
appropriate to focus on the signers face.
8
Fingerspelling is mainly used to give names of
people, places, and identify brands or movie
titles.
9
Deaf people prefer to be called Deaf not
hearing impaired and NEVER deaf and dumb!
10
The most effective way to communicate with a
Deaf person is to use sign language or an
interpreter.
11
You should always use your dominant hand to sign.
If you are ambidextrous, choose one hand as your
dominant hand and be consistent.
12
Fingerspelled loan signs are two to five letter,
commonly used words that have their own unique
patterns of movement. These movements are
different from regular fingerspelling. Instead,
these words have become ASL signs. Examples dog,
OK, car, bus, bank, early,.
13
When you see a fingerspelled word you should try
to see the shape and movement pattern of the word
rather than try to see each letter.
14
When you fingerspell a word try to keep you hand
slightly to the right of your face and below your
chin. Avoid bouncing each letter.
15
Fingerspelling is not a substitute for a sign. If
you dont know a sign for a word, first try to
act it out, point to it, describe, gesture, draw.
Fingerspelling should be used as a last resort.
16
Remember to use spatial organizing when talking
about people, places, or things (referents) that
are not in the immediate environment. Establish a
specific location for referents, name it, and
then you can refer to it again by pointing to the
same location.
17
To answer a question with a negative response you
can shake your head not, sign no, answer the
question with the correct information, or you can
sign none.
18
     The typical grammar for ASL is time,
topic, and comment.  
19
Did you know that in the Deaf Culture when you
arrive late to a meeting it is expected that you
stop and explain why you were late?
20
How would you get a Deaf persons attention?
Simply, wave to the person or touch the person.
Other commonly used modes are to flash the lights
or stomp on the floor.
21
What would you do if you need to pass between two
people signing? It is socially appropriate to
walk between the signers. As you are doing so
slightly bow your head and sign excuse me. If
it is a group of people signing it is best to go
around the group.
22
Did you know that when two Deaf people meet for
the first time they usually share information
about what school they attended. This helps them
to establish their ties with the Deaf community.
23
Deaf people strengthen their social bonds by
participating in Deaf clubs and activities such
as, athletic tournaments, churches, picnics, and
other social events.
24
       When you meet a Deaf person for the first
time they will want to know 1.     your first
and last name 2.   whether you are deaf, hard of
hearing, or hearing 3.   who is teaching you the
language and culture 4.   where you are
studying why you are learning ASL
25
Name signs should be EARNED by a Deaf person
hearing people should not invent their own name
signs.
26
Only a small percentage of hearing parents learn
sign language. Consequently, Deaf children
develop strategies for communicating with people
who do not sign. Some strategies are pen and
paper, gesturing, lipreading, speech, adapting
signs to other (home signs) or using an
interpreter.
27
       Some strategies to help you communicate
with a Deaf person 1.     Let the Deaf person
know you can sign 2.   Let the Deaf person set
the communication pattern to be used 3.   Avoid
talking (voicing) in the presence of a Deaf
person without signing Avoid eyedropping on
other people signing
28
When signing numbers, 1-5 should be signed palm
in.
29
In 1817, the American School for the Deaf was
started in Hartford, Conn.
30
In 1864 the first university for the Deaf was
established Gallaudet University
31
Sign Language hand formations
  • Hand shape
  • Hand location
  • Hand movement
  • Hand orientation

32
Bellringer
  • Many schools use a philosophy called Total
    Communication (TC). This means every type of
    communication including ASL, lip reading, and
    oral speech are taught.

33
Bellringer
  • The first school for the deaf, the Institut Roual
    des Sourds-Muets (Royal Institute for the Deaf
    and mute) was established in Paris during the
    18th century.

34
Bellringer
  • Laurent Clerc became the first United States deaf
    sign language teacher.

35
Bellringer
  • ASL is now the fourth most used language in the
    United States.
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