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The Last Great Race The Iditarod

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Seal, moose, and other wild game. They eat a half pound of meat and half pound of fat ... is a creek with loaded with moose on a mining road. Gary Paulsen ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Last Great Race The Iditarod


1
The Last Great RaceThe Iditarod
1973-2006 and running It begins on
March 4th, 2006
2
Alaska Facts
  • Russians first discovered Alaska in 1741
  • Alaska is 615,373 square miles in land and water
  • The state of Rhode Island could fit in Alaska 425
    times and Texas could fit in twice
  • The color of the state flower is sky blue and has
    a yellow center.

3
Augustine
  • Augustine is a young active volcano
  • Augustine sends great waves to South Central
    Alaska.
  • The volcano collapsed 350 years ago
  • This sloppy behavior, in the middle of a major
    shipping corridor, makes Augustine exceptionally
    dangerous.

4
Mt. McKinley
  • It is 20,320 feet tall
  • The best months to climb it would be April, May
    and June
  • The difficulties are Major Mountain Expedition

5
Names of Inuits
  • Do not consider themselves Indians
  • Inuit means the people
  • Eskimo means eater of raw meat (Didnt want to
    be called that)

6
Hunters and Vegetation
  • Inuits were hunters and fisherman
  • Hunted whales, walruses, and caribou
  • Little edible vegetation so they ate seaweed

7
Clothes and Homes
  • Made their clothes from animal skins
  • Boots made from caribou or sealskin
  • Homes were made from snow and ice (igloo)

8
Serum Run
  • Known as the great Race of Mercy
  • The town of Nome was struck by diphtheria
  • Dr. Welch had enough medicine for five people

9
Diphtheria
  • Very rare in the U.S
  • Very contagious disease
  • Attacks throat and nose and your nerves

10
Leonard Seppala
  • Ran the serum run the most
  • Delivered the medicine
  • Has a famous dog named Togo

11
Joe Reddington
  • Called Father Iditarod
  • Finished 5th 1988
  • Musher since World War 2
  • Born in Oklahoma
  • Born February 1, 1917
  • Was in the air force
  • Restarts race in Wasilla because thats his home
    town
  • Was the oldest racer to ever race in the Iditarod
  • Hes 71 and still alive

12
Dorothy Page
  • She first thought of the idea of the Iditarod.
  • She was convinced that sled dog teams couldt sled
    were motorized vehicle could not go.
  • She is considered the
  • Mother of the Iditarod

13
Basic Health
  • The sled dog lifestyle is perfect for a long
    living life of 17 years.
  • Another good reason is because some mixed
    breeds, and have long fur.
  • If a dog is hurt the hole entire team has to slow
    down.

14
Health For The Dogs on The Trail
  • The dogs need booties to protect there feet from
    ice, rocks, and other hazards.
  • Unhealthy dogs get pulled from the race.
  • Musher's keep a close eye on the dogs health on
    and off the track.

15
DOGS HEALTH
  • The safety of the dog health is in the musher's
    and the vets job.
  • The dog must go under a complete examination for
    steroids.
  • 128 booties for the dogs
  • feet

16
Dog Things
  • Raw Meat
  • Straw to sleep in
  • Microchipping

17
Equipment a Musher Needs
18
Dog Food For the Iditarod
  • Beef, horse, lamb, fish
  • Seal, moose, and other wild game
  • They eat a half pound of meat and half pound of
    fat

19
Food for Musher's on the Iditarod
  • Ravioli with spicy sauce and Italian sausage.
  • Banana bread
  • Pizza
  • Desert bars and cupcakes
  • Reese Sticks Candy Bars
  • Ritz Crackers and cheese
  • Beef Jerky
  • Trail Mix
  • Granola Bars

20
Other Equipment
  • Snow shoes
  • Sleeping bag 5 lib.
  • Proper cooker that can hold three gallons
  • First aid kit
  • Warm clothing
  • Sharp knife
  • Veterinarian notebook
  • A loaded pistol
  • booties
  • snow hook
  • ice hook
  • Material approved by the ITC
  • A light

21
Dog Sled Gear
  • Booties
  • Vaseline
  • Blankets

22
Lead Dogs
  • Intelligent
  • Has to be enthusiastic
  • about running
  • Runs in front
  • Fast
  • Think for itself

23
Swing Dogs
  • Runs behind leader
  • Helps the team turn the sled
  • Right and left swing dogs

24
Wheel Dogs
  • In front of sled
  • Strong
  • Pulls sled around trees and corners
  • Last dog from the front

25
On The Run
  • Harnesses
  • Gang line
  • Collars

26
Checkpoint 1 in Anchorage
  • Anchorage is the ceremonial start for the
    Iditarod
  • The race formally starts in Wasilla
  • The start in Anchorage is always on the first
    Saturday of March
  • In Anchorage the mushers are aloud a handler,
    which is somebody who helps with dogs at
    Anchorage
  • In Anchorage the mushers are also aloud an
    Iditarider, which is somebody who has purchased a
    chance to ride in the sled at the beginning of
    the race in Anchorage

27
Checkpoint 2 in Eagle River
  • After the mushers are done in Anchorage, they
    drop off their dogs in Eagle River
  • From Anchorage to Eagle River is about 20 miles

28
Checkpoint 3 in Wasilla
  • Wasilla is where the race formally starts
  • From Eagle River to Wasilla is about 29 miles
  • They start leaving Wasilla on Sunday
  • The mushers water the dogs early in the morning
    so they dont get dehydrated in Wasilla

29
Veterinarians
  • Put ointment on dogs
  • Use lots of medicine
  • Screen for steroids

30
Medication
  • They use vitamin E
  • Dont use steroids
  • draw blood from the dogs neck

31
Photo Gallery
A friendly checkup
Puppy on a scale
Friend comes to visit
Eye check
32
Knik
  • 14th mile in the race
  • Six to fourteen degrees in winter
  • Mushing center of the world
  • The last time the mushers will see their family
    until Nome
  • Mushers only stay for about five minutes

33
Yentna
  • 66 mile of the race
  • 52 miles long
  • The trail is on the Yentna River
  • Musher strategy starts here

34
Skwentna
  • 32 miles from Yentna
  • Flat land
  • Runs downs lakes and rivers
  • So many planes fly over the checkpoint mushers
    set up camp a few miles north

35
Iditarod Bush Pilots
36
Bush Pilot Facts About their Job
  • 100 an hour to put their planes in the air
  • They do it, they say, because they love the race
    and they live to fly
  • The volunteer pilots of the Iditarod Air Force
    are roadies on a trek without roads, chewing
    through rough winds and winter storms in Cessnas
    to lay track for The Last Great Race.
  • As teams start the push to Nome this weekend,
    pilots will leapfrog between checkpoints, hauling
    veterinarians and volunteers, and later
    transporting dogs that are out of the running.

37
Other Facts
  • 36 pilots
  • Jobs pick up injured teams and take them back to
    Anchorage, make emergency runs to pick up
    mushers, and they carry supplies

38
Equipment Needed on Airplane
  • Tundra tires
  • Floats
  • Skies
  • Duct tape
  • Personal needs

39
Finger Lake
  • Right before Rainy Pass
  • Mushers camp a little outside of the checkpoint
  • Never the same
  • 45 miles from last checkpoint
  • 6 checkpoint

40
Rainy Pass
  • Spectacular place
  • Few miles from actual pass
  • 30 miles from last checkpoint
  • 7 checkpoint

41
Rohn Roadhouse
  • 0-population
  • Solitary cabin
  • Not much snow
  • Very rough trail
  • 48 miles from last checkpoint
  • 8 checkpoint

42
Equipment to Send to Checkpoints
  • Booties
  • Clothing
  • Batteries
  • Ropes
  • Straw
  • Dog food
  • Tools
  • Musher food

43
Nikolai
  • Is 400 miles from the start
  • Mushers like to spend 8 hours in Nikolai
  • Is 52 miles from Nikolai to McGrath
  • Population 125
  • Miles From Last Checkpoint 93
  • Miles From Anchor-age 325
  • Miles To Nome 760

44
McGrath
  • Miles to Nome 712
  • Miles from Anchorage 400 miles
  • Miles from last checkpoint 48 miles
  • Population 466

45
Takotna
  • Population 51
  • Miles from Anchorage 418
  • Miles to Nome 694
  • Miles from last checkpoint 22

46
Checkpoint 11 Ophir
Ophir is 25 miles from the last checkpoint.It a
small cabin in the middle of a gold mining area.
There are Northern and Southern routes. There is
a creek with loaded with moose on a mining road.
47
Gary Paulsen
  • Hes an author
  • Born in May 1939
  • Born in Minnesota
  • He has 22 dogs
  • Began mushing in 1979
  • 1985 he scratched
  • He withdrew in 2005
  • He scratched in 2006
  • Had over thirteen jobs
  • Made over 88 books

48
Libby Riddle
  • First Woman to win Iditarod
  • Born April 1, 1956
  • Has 50 dogs

49
Checkpoint 12 Cripple Creek
Cripple Creek is 59 miles from the last
checkpoint. It is in a very remote area. It has
an extremely low temperature. Hard to know the
position of a team. It is loaded with trees. No
spectators.
50
Checkpoint 13 Ruby
Ruby is 112 miles from the last checkpoint. It is
an excellent cut trail by snowmobiles. Follows a
straight line down the Yukon. Easy to lose trail.
Mushers give dogs eight hour rest.
51
Galena
  • Population is 527
  • Checkpoint is at the old community hall
  • 667 miles from Anchorage
  • 445 miles to Nome
  • Hometown to 1974 winner Carl Huntington
  • 1925 diphtheria Serum Run musher Edgar Nollner

52
Susan Butcher
  • Born Boston, Massachusetts
  • Not in Iditarod this year because of cancer
  • Won 1986, 1987 and 1988

53
Libby Riddle Susan Butcher
  • They both ran the Iditarod
  • They both love dogs
  • They both are women

54
Nulato
  • Population 359
  • Miles from Anchorage 719
  • Miles to Nome 351
  • Is an Athabascan Village founded by Russian fur
    trader in 1938

55
Kaltag
  • Population 234
  • Miles from last checkpoint 42
  • Miles from Anchorage 771
  • Miles to Nome 351
  • Northern and southern routes join in Kaltag

56
Checkpoint 19- Unalakleet, Alaska
  • Largest village on the Iditarod trail
  • Two stores and two restaurants
  • Trail follows the coastline through tundras and
    hills
  • Expects storms and strong winds

57
Checkpoint 20-Shaktoolik
  • Most windiest checkpoint
  • Across short grass, tundras and wind packed
    sandbars
  • Many cabins

58
Checkpoint 21-Koyuk
  • Its a village
  • Frame house on hillside
  • Trail goes on ice but follows the shore
  • Many animals

59
Elim
  • The absolute worst thing to do is leave Elim
    when the dogs are not ready
  • Next checkpoint is 28 more miles
  • It is the forth to last checkpoint

60
Golovin
  • There is no dropping dogs or food
  • All mushers have to sine in at this checkpoint
    to prove they took the trail

61
White Mountain
  • White mountain is the last stop for most of the
    mushers
  • White Mountain to safety is 55 miles
  • There is 77 more miles to Nome

62
Checkpoint 22 Safety
  • 1,129 miles away from starting point
  • The last checkpoint before Nome
  • It is just 22 miles from the finish line
  • So the Mushers are on a the coast of the Bearing
    Sea

63
The Final Stop Nome!
  • Had gold in Anvil Creek
  • Name Nome might mean Norway
  • Fires in 1900,1905,1934, 1945,and 1974
  • Nome became the ending point for the Iditarod
  • White Mountain to Nome is most dangerous part of
    the trail

64
Burled Arch Traditions
  • They lit a kerosene lamp to show where the trail
    was.
  • The light was kept lit until the musher's reached
    their destination safely.

65
Awards
  • First place winner gets new pickup truck and
    68,000 and the top 30 winners 1,049

66
Golden Harness
  • Given to winners lead dog

67
The Red Lantern
  • Given to the last place winner

68
Iditarod Statistics For The Total To Sign Up
  • 83 Mushers
  • 20 Rookies
  • 63 Veterans Total
  • To Sign up-105
  • To Withdraw-22
  • 66 Males (before people withdrew)
  • 17 Females (before people withdrew)

69
  • Burled Arch is an arch in Nome that holds a red
    lantern.
  • They light the widows lamp the first Sunday in
    March at 1000 a.m.

70
Total From Alaska and Other Countries
  • 51 Total from Alaska
  • 41 Veterans from Alaska
  • 10 Rookies from Alaska
  • 41 Males from Alaska
  • 9 Females from Alaska
  • 9 Total from other countries
  • 5 Veterans from Other Countries
  • 4 Rookies from Other Countries
  • 7 Males from Other Countries
  • 2 Females from Other Countries

71
Total From U.S.A
  • 23 total to sign up
  • 17 Veterans
  • 6 Rookies
  • 18 Males
  • 6 Females

72
The Last Great RaceThe Iditarod
There are 53 mushers in the race
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