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SENIOR LEADERSHIP MANUAL

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Marines 'Take Care of our Own' and as leaders we are responsible for the welfare ... From 1985 to 1998 34 Marines lost their life in combat. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SENIOR LEADERSHIP MANUAL


1
SENIOR LEADERSHIP MANUAL
2
What will be covered
  • Why the training is necessary
  • What is BASIC training
  • How much time and effort is required to provide
    the training
  • What as leaders, we can do to support the
    campaign to make this successful

3
Why is this training necessary?
  • Marines Take Care of our Own and as leaders we
    are responsible for the welfare of the Marines in
    our charge.
  • From FY-94 to FY-01 their were 590 Ground mishaps
    which resulted in death. Of which, 165 or 28
    were alcohol related.
  • From 1985 to 1998 34 Marines lost their life in
    combat. In that same time period 1140 Marines
    died directly related to alcohol.

4
Alcohol Use Among Marines Aged 17-19 Years
  • Okinawa Survey, 1997
  • Abstainer 18.2
  • Infrequent/Light 0.0
  • Moderate 9.1
  • Moderate/Heavy 27.3
  • Heavy 45.4

5
Extent and Nature of the Problem

6
Civilian Comparison2002

7
Drinking-related Incidents Affecting Work,
Okinawa Survey, 1997
Since arriving During
past 1995 DoD in
Okinawa 12 mos Survey past
12 mos
Yes Yes Work performance
reduced 15.3 31.1
20.8 due to drinking Drunk at
work 10.2 17.9
7.9 Late for work due to drinking
8.0 13.4
10.9 During off-duty, called in and 7.3
11.2 6.2 reported
to work drunk
8
Drinking-related Incidents Affecting Work,
Okinawa Survey, 1997
Since arriving During
past 1995 DoD in
Okinawa 12 mos Survey past
12 mos
Yes Yes Work performance
reduced 15.3 31.1
20.8 due to drinking Drunk at
work 10.2 17.9
7.9 Late for work due to drinking
8.0 13.4
10.9 During off-duty, called in and 7.3
11.2 6.2 reported
to work drunk
9
Drinking-related ConsequencesOkinawa Survey, 1997
  • Since arriving During past DoD Survey
  • in Okinawa 12 mos past 12
    mos
  • Yes Yes
    Yes
  • Non-domestic violence (fighting) 8.1
    19.1 13.4
  • due to drinking
  • Performance rating reduced 4.0
    8.4 3.4
  • due to drinking
  • UCMJ punishment 2.3
    6.2 2.7
  • due to drinking
  • Time in jail or brig due to drinking 1.7
    4.5 2.4

10
What is BASIC Training?
  • Provides information about alcohol use
  • Challenges assumptions about effects of alcohol
  • Helps ALL Marines to evaluate
    and think differently about their own
    drinking

11
Focus of BASIC Training
JUNIOR MARINES - Assess and question their
drinking habits, decisions and beliefs SQUAD/UNIT
LEADERS - Tasked with training junior Marines
and setting both the tone and example personally
and professionally
12
Focus of BASIC Training
SENIOR LEADERSHIP - Provide support, measure
progress, develop ongoing efforts
13
Squad Training Two Sessions
  • Small group
  • 90 minutes in length
  • Guided Discussion
  • Presentations by NCO
  • Reactions/discussion/resistance
  • Homework assignments

14
Squad Training Session 1
  • Part 1 Orientation
  • Part 2 Alcohol information, presentation and
    discussion
  • Part 3 Up and Down Effect
  • Part 4 Self-Tracking exercise, homework
  • Video and Discussion

15
Orientation
  • Encourage Marines to Share Stories of their
    Experiences with Alcohol
  • Generate a List of Pros and Cons of Drinking

16
Review of Basic Information
  • Marine Drinking Norms
  • Explain what is meant by a Standard Drink
  • Basic Alcohol Knowledge
  • Blood Alcohol Level (BAL)

17
(No Transcript)
18
Effects of Alcohol Chart .02-.03 No loss of
coordination. May experience slight buzz and
loss of shyness. .04-.06 May experience a
buzz,, feeling of well-being, relaxation,
lowered inhibitions, sensation of warmth, minor
impairment of reasoning and memory, lowering of
caution. .07-.09 Legally intoxicated in most
states. May experience a buzz, slight
impairment of balance, speech, vision, reaction
time, hearing. Also experience reduced judgment
and self-control. Definite impairment of muscle
coordination and driving skills. Increased
risk of nausea and slurred speech. .10 Clear
deterioration of reaction time and control.
Legal Intoxication. .10 is at or beyond
the legal limit in all 50 states.
19
Effects of Alcohol Chart (continued) .10-.12 Ma
y experience a buzz, significant impairment of
motor coordination, loss of good judgment,
slurred speech, impaired balance, vision,
reaction time and hearing. .13-.15 The buzz is
reduced. Replaced with anxiety and
restlessness. Gross motor impairment, lack of
physical control, blurred vision, major loss of
balance. Risk of blackouts and
accidents. .16-.24 Anxiety and restlessness
predominates. Nausea may appear. Sloppy
drunk. .25-.29 May experience anxiety and
restlessness, total mental confusion. Need
assistance in walking. Nausea and
vomiting. .30-.39 May experience loss of
consciousness .4 and up May experience onset of
coma. Death due to respiratory arrest.
20
The Up and Down Effects of Alcohol
  • Effects of Alcohol Change Over Time
  • Introduce Up/Down Curve
  • Effects change over time, first up then
    (ultimately) down
  • Cultural myth about alcohol
  • Point of diminishing returns
  • Discussion

21
(No Transcript)
22
Squad Training Session 2
  • Part 5 Review tracking
  • Part 6 Expectancies
  • Part 7 Risk Reduction
  • Part 8 Wrapping up

23
BASIC Training Video
  • Purpose
  • To serve as a motivating mind-opener for junior
    enlisted Marines to consider their drinking
    alternatives
  • Content
  • USMC Testimonials
  • Comedy Sketches

24
BASIC Training Video
  • Main Teaching Points
  • Marines can drink less
  • Make the most of your time in the Corps
  • Show the impact of heavy drinking on career and
    others
  • Portray alternatives to heavy drinking
  • Show negative consequences of heavy drinking
  • Reinforce that Marines look out for one another

25
Feedback from Self-Tracking Exercise
  • Ask the Marines what they thought about the
    Self-Tracking Exercise
  • Discuss experience of tracking/re-create weekly
    drinking pattern
  • Introduce BAL Chart
  • BAL cards - relate to BAL and effects, up and
    down effect, tolerance
  • Review cost exercise

26
Looking at Expectancies
  • What do you expect from alcohol?
  • Address Physical Effects (Goggles)
  • Address Social Effects
  • Address the Role of Environment
  • Address Psychological Effects
  • Conclusion

27
Risk Reduction Tips
  • Outline Safe Drinking Guidelines
  • Ask Marines to Identify Ways to Moderate their
    Drinking
  • Provide Specific Tips for Reducing the Risk from
    Alcohol

28
Risk Reduction Tips
  • Provide Specific Tips for Reducing Risks
    Associated with Alcohol and Sex
  • Provide Specific Tips for Avoiding Drinking and
    Driving
  • Discussion of other things to do

29
Alternative Activities
  • Physically demanding activities (scuba, rock
    climbing)
  • Tours of the local community
  • Participation in team sports
  • Volunteer activities in the community
  • Paintball tournaments or challenges
  • College courses

30
Goals and Wrapping It Up
  • Summary
  • Questions and Answers
  • Discussion of the Future
  • Feedback about the Training Program
  • Discuss Referral Options

31
Concerned Leadership vs. Intrusive Meddling
  • Looking out for the health and safety of your
    Marines
  • Being a modifying presence in the barracks
  • Letting your Marines know that you are
    holding them to your standards

32
Recognizing and Referring A Problem
  • Not a counselor, not a cop, but a leader
  • Repeated incidents and high risk behaviors
  • Non-response to suggestions or observations
  • Alcohol use is the central focus of social
    and recreational activities
  • Tolerance, withdrawal, impaired control

33
Leading by Example
  • Who did you look up to as a junior troop?
  • Do a reality check on your behaviors
  • Are you raising the bar or lowering it by
    your actions?
  • Continue to work with other NCOs
    for feedback and suggestions

34
LEADERSHIP SUPPORTWhat we need to do
Setting the Tone Supporting the efforts of the
NCO A concerned presence
35
Discussion and Leadership exercise
Goals of this exercise a. Develop and set
clearly identified objectives for supporting
efforts of the NCOs to encourage responsible
drinking. b. Establish how we will measure
progress c. Develop future milestones and
routines for checking on your units progress
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