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Leukemia

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Demographics of Leukemia Patients (2001 Data) Total Reported Cases = 31,500. Sources from Leukemia, Lyphoma, Myeloma Facts 2001. CLL=Chronic Lymphocytic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Leukemia


1
Leukemia
  • Jeff Liu, Period 5

2
What Is Leukemia?
  • Cancer of the white blood cells
  • Acute or Chronic
  • Affects ability to produce normal blood cells
  • Bone marrow makes abnormally large number of
    immature white blood cells called blasts

3
History
  • Means white blood in Greek
  • Discovered by Dr. Alfred Velpeau in France, 1827
  • Named by pathologist Rudolf Virchow in Germany,
    1845

4
Main Types
  • Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)
  • Acute Mylogenous Leukemia (AML)
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
  • Chronic Mylogenous Leukemia (CML)

5
Demographics of Leukemia Patients (2001 Data)
CLLChronic Lymphocytic ALLAcute
Lymphocytic CMLChronic Mylogenous AMLAcute
Mylogenous
Total Reported Cases 31,500
Sources from Leukemia, Lyphoma, Myeloma Facts 2001
6
Symptoms
  • When there are excessive white blood cells --gt
    Infections
  • When there are few red blood cells Paleness --gt
    Anemia
  • When there are few platelets --gt Excessive
    bleeding

7
Tests For Diagnosis
  • Finger prick
  • Blood sample
  • Blood dye
  • Bone marrow sample
  • Spinal Tap/Lumbar Puncture

8
Pictures Of Blood
Sources from beyond2000.com
Sources from Arginine.umdnj.edu
9
Effects On the Body
  • Attacks the immune system
  • Infections
  • Anemia
  • Weakness
  • No more regular white blood cells, red blood
    cells, and platelets
  • Blasts clog blood stream and bone marrow

10
Development of Leukemia in the Bloodstream
Legend
White Cell
Red Cell
Platelet
Blast
Germ
Sources from Leukemia, by D. Newton and D. Siegel
11
Causes
  • High level radiation/toxin exposure
  • Viruses
  • Genes
  • Chemicals
  • Mostly unknown
  • Cant be caught

12
Treatment
  • Chemotherapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Radiation
  • Bone marrow transplant

13
Research
  • New drugs
  • Cord blood and planceta

14
The End
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