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Chapter 15 Getting the Job

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Employer will be interested in how your education will enable you ... Several different ways to write resumes. 1. Functional resume. Extensive job experience. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 15 Getting the Job


1
Chapter 15 Getting the Job
  • Applications
  • Most employers see your application before they
    see you
  • Your application must make an outstanding
    impression
  • Employers may review 3,000 or more applications a
    month
  • Smudged, illegible, or incomplete applications
    are tossed

2
Applications
  • Attitude, stability, and motivation can be
    communicated from your application or resume

3
Applications
  • Employers often request that you fill out the
    application form at their office
  • Dont forget to take a pen with black ink and
    print clearly
  • Get a copy of a standard form at an office supply
    store and practice filling it out
  • Know what you are going to say (spelling)
  • Write NA if question doesnt apply
  • Do not misspell words, cross out words, or leave
    empty spaces

4
Gather Application Information
  • Have addresses, phone numbers, and information
    needed for filling out the form
  • Dont forget to sign the form
  • Be positive
  • Do not talk about a former employer in a negative
    tone

5
Your Past
  • The most important part of the application form
    is the section that asks for previous work
    experience
  • List only those jobs that relate to your present
    application
  • Do not expose long gaps in your employment
    history

6
Your Past
  • No work experience?
  • List part-time, summer, volunteer jobs
  • Paper delivery, baby sitting, anything that will
    show that you have worked

7
Action Verbs
  • Use action verbs or buzz words to describe your
    experience
  • Study the handout and check all the words that
    are related to your past experiences
  • Express yourself clearly and concisely

8
Your Past
  • An auto mechanic could say
  • I repaired cars
  • But,
  • I fine-tuned transmissions, repaired carburetors,
    prepared cost estimates, etc. is more impressive
    and provides the employer with more detailed
    information about your skills

9
Unusual Questions
  • Do not have to be answered
  • If an application asks
  • What are your childcare arrangements?
  • Answer
  • Arrangements have been made
  • Dont make a big deal that it isnt appropriate
    to ask that question
  • Never falsify information on an application

10
Hard to Answer Questions
  • Most applications will ask why you left your
    former job
  • Give serious thought to this question
  • Dont write
  • Didnt like the hours
  • My manager threatened to kill me
  • Refrain from negative answers

11
Hard to Answer Questions
  • Avoid terms such as
  • Fired, terminated, dissatisfied, failed, or
    couldnt get along with those awful people
  • Present a positive image
  • My company went through a reorganization
  • I am looking for better job opportunities
  • I returned to school to better my career choices

12
References
  • Most companies will call your former employer, so
  • Be honest
  • Be positive
  • Do not lie about past experiences
  • But you do not have to state all

13
Buzz Words and Reasons for leaving
  • Company bankruptcy
  • Business ownership change
  • Company closed, downsized, reorganized
  • Contract completion
  • Overseas relocation
  • Reduction of force
  • Seasonal work
  • To seek other employment
  • To look for a more interesting or challenging
    position

14
Gaps in Work History
  • May pose problems on the application
  • May prevent you from getting the interview
  • Justify not working by showing what you have been
    doing
  • Travel can be described as broadening your
    knowledge
  • School is self explanatory
  • Holding many different jobs can be described as
    career exploration or financial survival

15
Salary
  • Best to state Open
  • Discuss during interview
  • Remember
  • You must first get the interview
  • You dont want to price yourself out of the job
  • You dont want to understate your worth

16
When can you start work?
  • Be realistic
  • Two weeks if you dont have a job and two weeks
    if you do
  • Two weeks will give you time to get ready for the
    job and if working, will give your present
    employer notice
  • Check your companys policies. They may require
    longer than two weeks

17
References
  • List people who like you
  • Tell your references that you are giving a
    prospective employer their name and number
  • Then give the reference a copy of your resume

18
Applications
  • Make lists (take them with you)
  • Of things that interest you or of your natural
    talents
  • Details of your work experience
  • Skills required to do the job
  • Education, dates of graduation
  • What you excelled in
  • References (names, addresses, phone no)

19
Applications
  • If you havent had much or any work experience
  • Your resume or application can emphasize skills
    you have learned in school, volunteer work, life
    experiences, additional language skills
  • Emphasize your qualities

20
Resume
  • Resume is a tool you use to sell yourself
  • An advertisement
  • Summary of your experience and skills
  • It is a list of the reasons why an employer
    should hire you
  • Resume is the key to the interview because it
    sparks the employers interest

21
Resume
  • Make your resume easy to read and no more than
    two pages
  • Employers receive hundreds (sometimes thousands)
    of resumes for each job
  • Must sift through them all and perhaps choose ten
    people to interview
  • Employers have a list of criteria that a
    perspective employee must meet
  • Check the criteria for the job before sending
    your resume
  • Make your resume stand out

22
Resume
  • The primary function of the resume is to get an
    interview
  • Resumes must be tailored to the job
  • Obtain a job description or list of requirements
    and duties of the job you are seeking (call the
    company)
  • Emphasize the things you have done that match the
    job description

23
Resume Process
  • Cover Letter or Letter of Application
  • Addressed to a real person not to whom it may
    concern
  • Call company and get information
  • Resume
  • Interview
  • Thank you letter to person who interviewed you

24
Resume
  • Resumes are for
  • Professional
  • Technical
  • Administrative
  • Managerial
  • Resumes are not for
  • Unskilled labor
  • Food servers
  • Laborers

25
Resume
  • No magical format, but
  • Name
  • Address
  • Phones (cell, work, home), fax, e-mail
  • Placed at top of resume in larger letters than
    the body text
  • centered or flush left or right

26
Resume
  • List the title or a short descriptive statement
    of the job you are seeking
  • Objective Administrative position with a large
    industrial or service organization
  • Objective Management position in telemarketing
    industry
  • Objective Vice President of Groundhogs
    International

27
Resume
  • The main body of the resume presents
  • Educational background
  • Work experience
  • Personal information
  • Arrange information to suit the job
  • If education is your strong point, emphasize
  • If work experience is your strong point, emphasize

28
Resumes
  • Anything that is relevant to the job should be
    listed
  • Special awards
  • Scholastic achievement
  • Managed inventory control
  • Fed groundhogs for a year

29
Resume
  • Work experience is the most important part of
    your resume, but if no work experience then,
  • Employer will be interested in how your education
    will enable you to do a better job
  • Emphasize school work, clubs, volunteer
    organizations, etc.

30
Resume
  • Work experience, however unusual, is important to
    list
  • Self employed applicants should describe their
    work experience as though they had been working
    for someone else
  • Volunteer, part-time, or unpaid jobs are
    important for work skills

31
Resume (what not to mention)
  • Do not put reasons for leaving jobs
  • Personal information is not needed unless
  • Language fluency
  • Memberships in organizations
  • Travel experiences relate to job
  • Hobbies, church work, personal info such as age,
    nationality, etc. not appropriate

32
Resume
  • Proofread your resume
  • Have someone else (better to have two people)
    proofread your resume
  • Actual bloopers on resumes (from Wall Street
    Journal)
  • I am a rabid typist
  • Hope to hear from you shorty
  • Here are my qualifications for you to overlook

33
Resumes (four major resume presentations)
  • Several different ways to write resumes
  • 1. Functional resume
  • Extensive job experience. Accomplishments are
    emphasized. Omit temporary jobs
  • Education listed before or after work experience
  • 2. Analytical resume
  • Most flexible. Emphasis on skills and
    specialized knowledge
  • Good for recent graduates and a career change

34
Resumes
  • 3. Chronological resume
  • Organizes qualifications by time and assumes the
    last job was or is the most important. Start
    with last job and work down (no more than three
    jobs)
  • 4. Creative resume
  • For artists (graphic design resume), architects
    (might use drafting paper), journalists (might
    format as a newsletter)
  • Expressive and not appropriate for executive or
    managerial jobs. Only use when the employer will
    appreciate your creativity
  • Chronological and Functional much the same

35
Cover Letter or Letter of Application
  • Letters are sent to request an interview or to
    introduce yourself
  • Send a resume with the cover letter
  • Letters explain the reason you are sending your
    resume
  • Can also be sent to employers who are not
    advertising

36
Cover Letter or Letter of Application
  • Points that should be covered
  • The reason you are writing
  • I would like to schedule an appointment with you
  • A brief statement of your qualifications
  • If you have just graduated say so
  • Referral to the organization
  • Mention who referred you
  • A request for an interview
  • Express your appreciation for the managers
    consideration of your letter

37
Cover Letter or Letter of Application
  • Always find out the name of the person who will
    be hiring and address your letter to that person
  • Do not write Dear Sir
  • Do not write To Whom it May Concern
  • Do not write To the Human Resources Department
    or Manager
  • Do Write Dear Ms. Jones

38
Cover Letter or Letter of Application
  • Your letter should express your individuality but
    not to the point of being cute, aggressive,
    pushy, or humorous
  • You are writing to someone you do not know
    (usually)
  • Your letter should be businesslike, brief, clear,
    and to the point

39
Follow-up
  • Call to check on an application or resume that
    you sent
  • Create a calling script
  • Applicant Hello, is this Mr. Young?
  • Employer Yes
  • Applicant My name is Mary Smith. How are you
    this morning?
  • Employer Fine, thank you
  • Applicant Mr. Young, last week I sent you a
    resume and an application for the drafting
    position in your Ogden office and I was wondering
    whether you had a chance to review it?

40
Thank you
  • Always thank the manager when the conversation is
    finished (send a thank you note as well)
  • Dont be discouraged if the manager refuses to
    meet with you
  • Finding a job can be a numbers game the more
    people you talk to, the more likely you will be
    successful

41
Job Seekers Guide to Utah
  • The bulk of this information was taken from a
    booklet published by the Utah Department of
    Workforce Services, Labor Market Information
    Services
  • 140 East 300 South
  • PO Box 45249
  • Salt Lake City, Utah 84145-0249
  • (801-536-7800)
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