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Harlem Renaissance

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Harlem Renaissance. What It Was. Harlem Renaissance ... Effects of the Harlem Renaissance. Music. Literature. Art. Music. Jazz ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Harlem Renaissance


1
Harlem Renaissance
2
What It Was
  • Harlem Renaissance
  • A flowering of African American art, literature,
    music and culture in the United States led
    primarily by the African American community based
    in Harlem, New York City.

3
When It Occurred
  • Beginning
  • 1924 Opportunity magazine hosted a party for
    black writers with many white publishers
    attending
  • Ending
  • 1929, the year of the stock market crash and the
    resulting economic Great Depression.

4
Who?
  • Descendants from a generation whose parents or
    grandparents had witnessed slavery and
    Reconstruction
  • Lived in a country governed by Jim Crow laws.

5
(No Transcript)
6
Who?
  • Many of these people were part of the Great
    Migration out of the South and other racially
    stratified communities

7
Between 1910 and 1930, the African American
population in the North rose by about 20 percent
overall. Cities such as Chicago, Detroit, New
York, and Cleveland had some of the biggest
increases.
8
Factors behind the Great Migration
  • Avoid the racial segregation of Jim Crow laws in
    the South
  • Boll weevil infestation in Southern cotton in the
    late 1910s forced people to search for other work
  • Blacks could take the service jobs that new white
    factory workers had vacated
  • The Immigration Act of 1924 stopped European
    immigrants, causing a shortage of factory
    workers
  • The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 displaced
    thousands of African-American farm workers.

9
(No Transcript)
10
Effects of the Harlem Renaissance
  • Music
  • Literature
  • Art

11
Music
  • Jazz
  • Brass and woodwind instruments with trumpets,
    trombones and saxophones playing lead parts
  • Characterized by intricate leads and accidentals
  • Complex chords, syncopated rhythms
  • Improvised solos

12
Music
  • Big Band or Swing
  • No microphones meant that musicians increased
    band size to increase sound
  • Used composers and arrangers
  • Little room for improvisation

13
Notable Musicians
14
(No Transcript)
15
Notable Writers
Langston Hughes
Countee Cullen
Zora Neale Hurston
16
Notable Artists
Self Portrait with Bandana, William Johnson
17
Portrait Bust of Paul RobesonSir Jacob Epstein
Midonz, Ronald Moody
18
Les Fetiches, Lois Mailou Jones
19
Dust to Dust, Jacob Lawrence
20
Blues, Archibald Motley, Jr.
21
Café, William H. Johnson
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