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Teaching Animal Behavior in the Laboratory

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How do animals acquire and use energy for growth? ... about invasive animals, pest animals, and attempts to save endangered animals) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Teaching Animal Behavior in the Laboratory


1
Teaching Animal Behavior in the Laboratory
  • An exercise using Betta spendens in an
    introductory zoology class for biology majors and
    nonmajors

2
Zoology 111
  • A course for biology majors and nonmajors
  • Taught in the workshop format
  • 24 students per section
  • Emphasis on active learning, group work, and
    student-designed research

3
  • How do animals acquire and use energy for growth?
  • How do animals store and transmit genetic
    information?
  • How do animals regulate their functions?
  • How do animals reproduce?
  • How do animals develop?
  • How do animals behave?
  • How do animals evolve and what are their
    evolutionary relationships?
  • Where do animals live and how do they interact
    with their environments?
  • What are the different groups of animals and how
    are the similar and different?

4
  • Integrate information about the basic structures
    and fundamental processes of life
  • Use biological principles to explain the
    evolutionary adaptations and evolutionary
    relationships of animals
  • Apply your knowledge of zoology to analyze
    problems in animal biology and to propose
    solutions to them

5
  • Design, implement, interpret, and report the
    results of observations of and experiments with
    animals to test scientific hypotheses
  • Analyze and critique news stories that involve
    animals (e.g. stories about invasive animals,
    pest animals, and attempts to save endangered
    animals)

6
Agonistic Behavior in Siamese Fighting Fish
7
Hypothesis TestingScience and BaseballAlison
GropnikSmall WondersNew York Review of Books
  • Imagine if we taught baseball the way we teach
    science

8
  • Children under 12 would read about baseball
    technique and occasionally hear inspirational
    stories of the great players
  • They would take quizzes about rules
  • Undergraduates might be allowed, under strict
    supervision, to reproduce famous historic plays
  • Only in graduate school would they, at last,
    actually get to play a game

9
Hypothesis TestingThe Numbers Game
  • Guess the rules
  • Propose a number to see if it fits
  • Publish a possible rule by describing it to the
    class
  • Discuss proposed rules
  • Win the Nobel Prize

10
1, 2, 4
11
Betta splendens
  • Brief background on fighting fish
  • Explanation of agonistic (not agnostic) behavior
  • Agonistic behavior of fighting fish
  • Control observations

12
Agonistic Stimuli
  • Mirror image
  • Clay (3-D) model
  • Colored index card (2-D) model
  • Round robin tournament

13
Data Table
14
Questions to Answer
  • How did the behavior of fish exposed to agonistic
    stimuli change from the control situation?
  • Did model shape strongly affect the response of
    the fish? If so, in what way did shape matter?
  • Did model color strongly affect the response? If
    so, in what way did color matter?

15
Proposals
  • Propose a HYPOTHESIS for the agonistic behavior
    of Betta splendens. Recall that a hypothesis is
    a testable explanation of some phenomenon.
  • Propose a STUDY (observational or experimental)
    to test your hypothesis. Be sure to provide
    enough detail to enable someone else to perform
    the study.

16
Materials
  • 1 gallon drum-style fish bowls (3.79 from
    aquariumguys.com)
  • Fighting fish (4.00)
  • Fighting fish food
  • Mirrors
  • Modeling Clay or Play-doh
  • Colored index cards
  • Video clip (youtube.com)

17
Useful References
  • Simpson MJA 1968 The display of the Siamese
    fighting fish, Betta splendens Anim Behav Monogr
    1173
  • Meliska CJ, Meliska JA, Peeke HV 1980 The
    relationship of mirror-elicited display to combat
    behaviors in Betta splendens Behav Neural Biol
    30207217
  • Bronstein PM 1984 Agonistic and reproductive
    interactions in Betta splendens J Comp Psychol
    9842131
  • Bronstein PM 1985 Predictors of dominance in
    male Betta splendens J Comp Psychol 994755

18
More References
  • Allen JM, Nicoletto PF 1997 Response of Betta
    splendens to computer animations of males with
    fins of different length Copeia 1997195199
  • Halperin JRP, Giri T, Elliot J, Dunham DW 1998
    Consequences of hyper-aggressiveness in Siamese
    fighting fish cheaters seldom prospered Anim
    Behav 558796
  • RF Oliveira, McGregor PK, Latruffe C 1998 Know
    thine enemy fighting fish gather information
    from observing conspecific interactions Proc R
    Soc Lond B 26510451049
  • Doutrelanta C, McGregora PK, Oliveirab RF 2001
    The effect of an audience on intrasexual
    communication in male Siamese fighting fish,
    Betta splendens Behav Ecol 12283286

19
Still More References
  • Mcgregor PK, Peake TM, Lampe HM 2001 Fighting
    fish Betta splendens extract relative information
    from apparent interactions what happens when
    what you see isnt what you get Anim Behav
    6210591065
  • Matos RJ, McGregor PK 2002 The effect of the
    sex of an audience on male-male displays of
    Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens)
    Behaviour 13912111221
  • Clotfelter ED, Paolino AD 2003 Bystanders to
    contests between conspecifics are primed for
    increased aggression in male fighting fish Anim
    Behav 66343347
  • Dzieweczynski TL, Bessler AM, Shelton DS, Rowland
    WJ 2006 Effect of a dummy audience on male-male
    interactions in Siamese fighting fish, Betta
    splendens Ethology 112127133
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