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The Cuban Missile Crisis Thirteen Days in 1962 That Shook the World

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The closest the world has come to nuclear war was the Cuban Missile crisis of October, 1962. ... The Cuban Missile Crisis. Retrieved October 7, 2004 from ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Cuban Missile Crisis Thirteen Days in 1962 That Shook the World


1
The Cuban Missile CrisisThirteen Days in 1962
That Shook the World
  • By Lori Bogumil

2
Brief Summary
  • The closest the world has come to nuclear
    war was the Cuban Missile crisis of October,
    1962. Khrushchev was upset that the U.S. had
    missiles in Turkey, a country adjacent to the
    Soviet Union. He was concerned that the U.S.
    would overthrow Castro and his Communist
    government. He ordered 42,000 Russian personnel
    to install several missile bases containing
    nuclear warheads. The fate of millions literally
    hinged upon the ability of President Kennedy and
    Premier Khrushchev to reach a compromise.
  • U.S. President,
    Soviet Premier, Cubas,
  • John F. Kennedy Nikita Khrushchev Fidel
    Castro

3
October 16
  • President John F. Kennedy is advised by
    McGeorge Bundy, the Presidents National Security
    Adviser, that U-2 spy-plane had detected several
    Russian missiles in Cuba.

4
October 17
  • As President Kennedy contemplates various
    options, Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara,
    advocates a naval blockade of Cuba.
  • Cuba is located 90 miles from Florida.

5
October 18
  • President Kennedy met with Andrei Gromyko at
    the White House. The Soviet Foreign Secretary
    accused the President of harassing Cuba.

6
October 19
  • President Kennedy met with Chiefs of Staff.
    The military wanted an air strike against Cuba,
    but decided on a land invasion instead.
  • This picture shows the placement of missiles
    in Cuba.

7
October 20
  • President Kennedy deploys 183 war vessels
    and 8 aircraft carriers. 549 combat aircraft,
    40,000 marines and 5 divisions, among which the
    82nd and 10st Airborne were on standby in Florida.
  • SS-4 Missile range 1300 miles. SS-5 range
    2600 miles (would wipe out most of North America).

8
October 21
  • The CIA identifies 13 launch pads and 23
    operational SS-4 nuclear missiles in Cuba.
    President Kennedy threatens a blockade against
    Cuba.

9
October 22
  • President Kennedy appears on televisions
    across the country and tells the public that the
    Soviet Union must either withdraw its
    strategically placed missiles from Cuba or face
    full nuclear retaliation.

10
October 23
  • Fidel Castro, expecting a US invasion,
    mobilizes 270,000 Cuban forces. 24 Soviet Ships
    were heading for Cuba.
  • President Kennedy orders a blockade keeping
    all ships from entering Cuba waters.

11
October 24
  • The blockade is ordered and planned. The
    United Nations considers the blockade an act of
    war.

12
October 25
  • Security Council meeting takes place
    regarding the Cuban Crisis. Soviet Ambassador
    was adamant that the photographic proof of
    missiles in Cuba were fake.

13
October 26
  • Castro tells Russia that it is imminent that
    the U.S. will attack. He urges them to strike
    first, using nuclear weapons. Khrushchev begins
    his negotiations with President Kennedy to remove
    his missiles. Several letters are shared between
    the two men. Here is an example of one.

14
October 27
  • Acting without Soviet approval, Castro
    ordered that all planes be shot down. The one
    and only casualty of the crisis is the killing of
    Major Rudolf Anderson whose U-2 plane was shot
    down by Soviet missile.

15
October 28
  • On this day Premiere Khrushchev addresses his
    country by saying We must withdraw in front of
    the danger of a global thermonuclear war. The
    Soviets began dismantling their nuclear launchers
    the very next day.

16
Images Reference List
  • Slides 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, and 14
  • How it Began The Cuba Missile Crisis.
    Retrieved October 7, 2004 from http//www.cubacris
    is.net/angvpages/premset_01.html
  • Slides 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 11, 12, 13, and 15
  • The Cuban Missile Crisis. Retrieved October 7,
    2004 from
  • http//www.click2history.com/thirteen_days_ch1.ht
    m
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