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Focusing the Distance Education Blur

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Correspondence Courses - 100 yrs. Radio - 1920. College Telecourses 1950 ... Paper Correspondence. Broadcast - Radio/TV. Computer Based Training - CDROMs ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Focusing the Distance Education Blur


1
Focusing the Distance Education Blur
By Dr. Janet Poley
2
Introduction to a New World
  • The Death of Distance
  • Being Digital
  • Education Has No Borders
  • Education Is for Life
  • Lifelong Learning

3
Distance Ed Not New
  • Land Grant Act 1862
  • Agricultural Extension 1914
  • Correspondence Courses - 100 yrs
  • Radio - 1920
  • College Telecourses 1950
  • Internet Learning - Many forms
  • Digital Libraries

4
What is Distance Learning?
  • Planned learningObjectives, Resources,Communicati
    on system, Technology, Assessment
  • Learners in different location from instructor
  • Learners achieve defined outcomes within a
    specified time at an affordable cost

5
Public Higher Education will thrive by
  • Meeting lifelong learning needs as mainstream
    aspect of mission
  • Incorporating new technologies in sophisticated
    ways into organization and delivery systems
  • Hiring, rewarding, and supporting creative
    faculty doing this
  • Develop quality niches
  • Consider international as contributors as well as
    recipients
  • Get control on costs of disorganized system of
    today

6
21st Century Universities
  • Virtual Organizations/Universities
  • The Knowledge Marketplace
  • Electronic Commerce
  • Communities of Interest

7
State of the Art
  • Growing Very Fast - All Universities
  • Penn State - World Campus - 8000 students -
    Advisory Board - Turf Grass
  • Iowa State - 5000 Students - Agronomy -
    Professional Masters
  • University of Nebraska - Agronomy, Entomology etc.

8
An Emerging Industry
  • Standards and Principles
  • Quality Standards
  • Growing Universal Access
  • Same Accreditation
  • Improved Tools for Teaching and Learning
  • Reduced Costs

9
Purposes
  • Serve citizens of the state
  • Provide diverse educational opportunities
  • Learning anywhere, conveniently
  • Improve teaching and learning processes
  • Continuing education
  • Increase quality, variety, productivity

10
Delivery Methods
  • Paper Correspondence
  • Broadcast - Radio/TV
  • Computer Based Training - CDROMs
  • Audio and Video Tapes
  • Internet1/Web (Asynchronous)
  • Internet2 (Synchronous)
  • Hybrid

11
The ADEC Consortium http//www.adec.edu
  • Largest Distance Education Consortium in the U.S.
  • Founded in Agriculture
  • Headquarters - University of Nebraska - 60
    University Members Plus International Partners

12
Outside the U.S.
  • British Open University
  • International Council for Open and Distance
    Education (ICDE) - ADEC is a member
  • University of South African
  • Growing Fast in Many Countries

13
Technology does not drive change. Technology
enables change. Its our collective cultural
response to the options and opportunities
presented by technology that drives
change. - Paul Saffo
14
Other Programs
  • Private Sector University of Phoenix, Western
    Governors University
  • Consortia ADEC, SREB, Sloan Foundation
    Consortium, eArmyU
  • Private Course Aggregators WebCT (developed in
    Canada) - Blackboard, eCollege and others

15
Media Research - U.S.
  • Internet - 100 Million - 60 of U.S.
  • T.V. - 98 of U.S. homes
  • Cable - 67
  • Telephone - 94

16
World Wide Web
  • 50 male
  • More new users female
  • 43 - college degrees (pop 31)
  • Average salary twice U.S. average

17
Number of web pages
  • 500 million today
  • Most in U.S. followed by Australia and few
    European countries

18
Two important trends
  • Explosion of potential to communicate instantly
    and massively
  • Ability to create communities of choice -
    Marshall Goldsmith 1998

19
The model to replace industrial age education
isnt clear yet. But the idea that a person
stands in front of the room stuffing information
into learners like grain into a duck is changing
to the idea that teaching is about being a wise
companion and advisor. - Paul Saffo
20
Principles
  • Design for effective learning.
  • Support the needs of learners.
  • Develop and maintain the technological and human
    infrastructure.
  • Sustain administrative and organizational
    commitment.

21
Quality, affordable learning opportunities at
time and place convenient for learner Access and
Success
22
Whats Not Working - Access Issues
  • Underserved Communities
  • Rural
  • Low Income

23
Profiles of The Least Connected (from 1997
Census)
24
These technologies are really much more about
creating and managing new relationships than
creating and managing old information or new
information. - Michael Schrage
25
The WWW and Community
  • The Web would be entirely different if it had
    been based on a more dynamic metaphor than the
    publishing metaphor.
  • How would the WWW be different if we talked
    about designing things to support conversations
    rather than designing to support posting?
  • - Michael Schrage

26
New Strategies and Blurred Lines
  • Programs
  • Courses
  • Modules
  • Learning Objects

27
"Winners and Losers" in Distance Education
  • First Mover Advantage
  • Competition
  • International
  • Private sector

28
Importing and Exporting Programs
  • The World is Waiting for our Programs
  • how to find a niche
  • getting to homes, learning centers and workplaces

29
Developing A Knowledge Marketplace
  • Reciprocity
  • Diversity of Products
  • Sustained Offerings
  • Quality
  • Price
  • Convenience

30
Special Challenges
  • Intellectual Property
  • Interinstitutional Agreements
  • Electronic Commerce and Business Systems
  • Faculty and Learner Support
  • Organizational Change and Capacity Building
  • Cost of Technological Infrastructure

31
Specific Projects
  • University of Texas
  • http//www.utexas.edu/cc/cit/facweb/ showcase.html
  • Classroom of the Future
  • http//www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/modules.html
  • UNL Deal Lab
  • http//deal.unl.edu

32
Workshop Learnings
  • Formulate Learning Objectives
  • Work with Learning Domains
  • Apply Key DE Principles
  • Use the IMPPACT Model
  • Characteristics of DE
  • How to organize teaching for CDRoms and Internet

33
Learnings (Cont)
  • Matching Tests/Objectives
  • Classifying Assessment Procedures
  • How to Define Visualization
  • Without DE you cannot have worldwide cooperation
  • Design and delivery Learning module
  • How to use courseware

34
Focusing the Distance Education Blur
By Dr. Janet Poley
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