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Multiple Perspectives: Using Propaganda Posters to Teach about World War I

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To finance the war effort through sale of war bonds or new taxes ... Catchy Slogans. Evocative Visual Symbols. Humor or caricatures. What do you see here? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Multiple Perspectives: Using Propaganda Posters to Teach about World War I


1
Multiple Perspectives Using Propaganda Posters
to Teach about World War I
  • Rick Daniel, Jefferson Co Public Schools
  • Kentucky Council for the Social Studies Annual
    Conference
  • September 2008

2
Common Objectives of Wartime Propaganda
  • To recruit soldiers, either through a draft or
    voluntary enlistment
  • To finance the war effort through sale of war
    bonds or new taxes
  • To eliminate dissent and unifying the country
    behind the war effort
  • To conserve resources- food, oil, steel-
    necessary to wage war
  • To increase participation in organizations to
    support the war.

3
Tools of Wartime Propaganda
  • Demonization
  • Emotional appeals
  • Name-Calling
  • Patriotic Appeals
  • Half-truths and lies
  • Catchy Slogans
  • Evocative Visual Symbols
  • Humor or caricatures

4
What do you see here?
What is Happening in this poster?
Which country do you think produce this poster?
What propaganda tools are used in the poster?
What objective is this poster designed to achieve?
5
Now Lets practice
  • Divide into groups of three.
  • Select one person to come retrieve a Propaganda
    poster Placard from me.
  • Complete the Notes on World War I Propganda
    Posters record sheet.
  • One person bring answer sheet and placard back to
    me for quick-check and to receive a different
    placard.
  • Be prepared to present one of the posters to the
    whole class at the end of the lesson

6
Discussion Questions
  • What are some of the most common objectives you
    identified in the propaganda posters?
  • What were some of the most common tools that you
    identified in the propaganda posters?
  • To what extent does propaganda appeal to emotions
    and not reason?
  • Can you think of any forms of propaganda that
    affect your life? How do these forms of
    propaganda appeal to the emotions of fear,
    hatred, sympathy, patriotism or consumerism?
  • How can you recognize propaganda in todays
    world? Should the government try to limit or ban
    propaganda? Why or Why not?

7
References
  • Teachers' Curriculum Institute. (2008). Digging
    Deeper Enrichment Activities for History Alive!
    Pursuing American Ideals Units 5-9 . Palo Alto,
    CA Editor, Laura Alavossus.
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