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The Nation Divided

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The Missouri Compromise did not apply to the Mexican Cession ... The Caning of Sen. Charles Sumner. The Dred Scott Decision (1857) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Nation Divided


1
The Nation Divided
  • Chapter 10

2
The Wilmot Proviso
  • The Missouri Compromise did not apply to the
    Mexican Cession
  • The Wilmot Proviso sought to ban slavery from the
    territories acquired from Mexico
  • Southerners viewed the bill as an attack on
    slavery

3
The Debate Over California
  • Californias admission to the union led to bitter
    arguments between North and South
  • Sen. Henry Clay proposed a compromise that could
    end the North/South conflict
  • Sen. John Calhoun opposed the compromise the
    North would continue to attack the Souths way of
    life wanted Constitutional protection or
    secession!
  • Sen. Daniel Webster supported Clay in order to
    stop the sectionalism dividing the nation

4
The Compromise of 1850
  • Authored by Henry Clay
  • California admitted as a free state (N)
  • Banned the slave trade in Washington D.C. (N)
  • Popular Sovereignty would decide the slavery
    issue in the Mexican Cession (S)
  • A stricter fugitive slave law was passed. (S)
  • Northerners reacted to the compromise by
    resisting the slave law and helping slaves
    escape.

5
Uncle Toms Cabin
  • Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, who was
    inspired by her hatred of the new fugitive slave
    laws
  • Exposed Northerners to the evils of slavery
  • Criticized by Southerners as false propaganda

6
The Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
  • Written by Senator Stephen Douglas
  • Organized the Louisiana Territory into the Kansas
    and Nebraska Territories
  • Opened the territories to slavery through popular
    sovereignty
  • Violated the Missouri Compromise, angering many
    Northerners

7
Bleeding Kansas
  • Pro-slavery and anti-slavery supporters rushed to
    Kansas to impose their government violence soon
    broke out
  • Pro-slavery supporters burn the town of Lawrence,
    KS
  • Anti-slavery forces led by John Brown retaliate
    in the Pottawatomie Massacre

8
The Caning of Sen. Charles Sumner
9
The Dred Scott Decision (1857)
  • Scott sued for his freedom because he had lived
    in the NW Territory where was banned
  • Chief Justice Roger B. Taney ruled that Scott had
    no right to sue
  • He also wrote that the Missouri Compromise was
    unconstitutional (legalized slavery in the
    territories)

10
The Lincoln-Douglas Debates (1858)
  • Abraham Lincoln ran against Stephen Douglas for
    Senator
  • Douglas strongly defended the idea of popular
    sovereignty called Lincoln a dangerous
    abolitionist
  • Lincoln took a strong stand against the spread of
    slavery
  • Douglas won by a slim margin

11
Raid on Harpers Ferry, Va. (1859)
  • John Brown and other abolitionists hoped to seize
    guns and lead a slave rebellion
  • U.S. troops led by Robert E. Lee capture Brown
    the North mourns as he is hanged
  • Southerners fear there are more like Brown and
    that the North wants to destroy their way of
    life- Militias begin to form

12
The Election of 1860
  • The Democratic party split, and Republican
    Abraham Lincoln won with only 39.8 of the
    popular vote
  • Lincoln did not win one Southern state showed
    how divided the nation had become
  • The South felt they had no voice in government
    S. Carolina secedes in Dec. 1860

13
Lincoln Takes Office (1861)
  • In his inaugural address, Lincoln promises to not
    touch slavery in the South
  • The newly formed Confederate States of America
    began to seize federal property in the South
  • When Lincoln attempted to re-supply Ft. Sumter,
    Confederates attacked and seized the fort
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