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Debussy

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disliked most earlier composers (Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Beethoven) ... its place in music history along with Beethoven's Eroica and Monteverdi's Orfeo ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Debussy


1
Debussy
2
IMPRESSIONISM
  • the impressionist painters, Manet, Monet,
    Cezanne, Renoir, Pissarro etc. had three famous
    exhibits from 1874 to 1877
  • the term Impressionism was derived from a
    painting by Monet titled Sunrise - an Impression

3
Claude-Achille DebussyAugust 22, 1862 - March
25, 1918
  • Debussy disliked the term, but
  • He developed new theories of light and color in
    music and
  • is probably the greatest musical impressionist.

4
Claude-Achille DebussyAugust 22, 1862 - March
25, 1918
  • entered Paris Conservatory at age 10
  • a rebel
  • followed his own rules in composition
  • Prix de Rome (a three year award) in 1884 (lived
    in Villa Medici)

5
Claude-Achille DebussyAugust 22, 1862 - March
25, 1918
  • became disillusioned with Wagner
  • turned to Mussorgsky
  • piano teacher to the children of Nadejda von Meck
    and fell in love with Sonia
  • interested in primitive and medieval music
  • disliked most earlier composers (Brahms,
    Tchaikovsky, Beethoven)
  • first of the post-Wagnerian composers to work
    entirely in a new style

6
Claude-Achille DebussyAugust 22, 1862 - March
25, 1918
  • LApres-midi dun faune takes its place in music
    history along with Beethovens Eroica and
    Monteverdis Orfeo
  • Opera Pelleas et Melisande (Materlinck)
    premiere on April 30, 1902
  • composed a great deal of piano music
  • almost all his works have names which are placed
    after the music

7
Claude-Achille DebussyAugust 22, 1862 - March
25, 1918
  • died of cancer on March 25, 1918 during the
    bombardment of Paris
  • Debussy was the beginning of 20th century music -
    no great structures - no rules - no tonal
    relationships

8
Claude-Achille Debussyplays The Sunken Cathedral
  • Debussy (and many other composers and artists)
    cut piano rolls of their own music in the early
    days of the 20th century)
  • on this recording Debussy plays seven of his
    own piano compositions

9
Claude-Achille DebussyLApres midi dun faune
  • planned in 1892 as an orchestral triptych
    consisting of a prelude, interlude, and finale
    based on Mallarmes poem (p. 1876)
  • completed late in 1894 and premiered on December
    23, 1894
  • audience was so enthusiastic that the Prelude had
    to be repeated
  • this piece was used for one of the most
    successful ballets in the repertory of the famous
    Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo
  • the Ballet was premiered on May 29, 1912 in Paris
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