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Jacksonian Democracy


Jacksonian Democracy – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jacksonian Democracy

Jacksonian Democracy
  • Ch. 11 Sec. 1

The Election of 1824
  • One Party -- Republicans

William Crawford Andrew Jackson
Henry Clay John Quincy Adams
16 38 14 32 Electoral Vote
Since no candidate had a majority, the House of
Representatives chose the President.
The Corrupt Bargain
  • Henry Clay and J.Q. Adams team up
  • Clay will generate votes for Adams as long as he
    is appointed Secretary of State

George Washington John Adams Thomas
Jefferson James Madison James Monroe
John Quincy Adams Our 6th President
Adams is unpopular
  • His shady election turned many Americans against
    J.Q. Adams
  • Also Unpopular
  • Supported expanding the Navy
  • Scientific experiments
  • More government control of the economy

Election of 1828
  • Two Parties
  • National Republicans (Republicans)
  • Supported Adams
  • Democratic Republicans (Democrats)
  • Supported Jackson

The Campaign
  • New style of campaign MUDSLINGING
  • Jackson accused Adams of unholy, selfish
  • Adams issued a song that highlighted the
    embarrassing moments in Jacksons life

The Winner
  • Andrew Jackson
  • Old Hickory
  • Born in a log cabin
  • Fought in the Revolution and the War of 1812

Increased Suffrage (for white men, that is)
  • Jackson encouraged the states to relax their land
    requirements for voting
  • 1824 27 of white males were eligible to vote
  • 1840 80 of white males were eligible to vote
  • Women, non-whites 0

The Spoils System
  • After taking office, Jackson fired many federal
    workers and gave their jobs to his supporters
  • Jackson claimed he was bringing common people,
    and common sense, to the government
  • Opponents accused Jackson of playing favorites
    and consolidating power in government

The Tariff Debate
  • In 1828, Congress passed a high tariff on
    European goods
  • Northerners like the tariff because it meant that
    Americans would buy more American goods
  • Southerners dislike the tariff because it meant
    higher prices, and the likelihood that Europe
    would pass their own tariff against American goods

John C. Calhoun talks about secession
  • Jackson supports the preservation of the Union
  • Calhoun resigns the Vice-Presidency
  • Called the tariff The Tariff of Abominations

  • Calhouns home state of South Carolina passed the
    Nullification Act, stating that they would not
    pay the tariff
  • Jackson severely lowered the tariff, and South
    Carolina remained in the Union

Lessons learned
  • Calhoun used secession as a threat to intimidate
    the Federal Government, a tactic that would
    become more popular
  • Jackson proved to the nation that Union would
    work hard to keep its states
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