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The Roaring 1920s

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model T sales in 1920 reached 8 million - by 1929 sales reached 27 million ... Al Capone. Chicago crime boss - most feared gangster - estimated fortune- $60 million ' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Roaring 1920s


1
The Roaring 1920s
  • Chapter 24

2
Post-WWI America
  • Growth of American economy finance
  • - From 1922-29, GNP rose from 149 to 227
    billion

3
A Consumer Society
  • Rise in automobiles
  • - model T sales in 1920 reached 8 million
  • - by 1929 sales reached 27 million

4
Body styles at General Motors
GM becomes worlds largest car manufacturer by
1930
5
New Products on the market
  • tractors, washing machines, refrigerators, radios
    vacuum cleaners
  • influx to cities to shop, visit parks etc

6
Children listening to radio, 1923
7
Rise of mass advertising
  • Advertising firms
  • - newspapers, billboards, magazines
  • - desire to attractive, powerful or cool
  • Virtual advertising

8
A Decade of Celebrities
  • Charles Lindbergh (1927)
  • - 1st individual to cross Atlantic nonstop
  • - NY to Paris (34 hrs) (p 615)
  • 1st female to accomplish same flight?
  • Sporting events
  • - most famous baseball player of 1920s?
  • - Sultan of Swat (60 hr in 27)

9
Rudolph Valentino
10
Republican Dominance of the White House
  • 1921-1933
  • Warren G. Harding
  • Calvin Coolidge
  • Herbert Hoover
  • In many ways, this period reflected the Gilded
    Age

11
The Harding Administration
  • Elected in 1920/ Senator (Ohio)
  • return to normalcy
  • Hardings Ohio Gang
  • 2 Harding appointees serve jail time 2
    committed suicide
  • Lost control of presidency / heart attack in 1923
  • Calvin Coolidge takes presidency

12
The Coolidge administration
  • Governor of Massachusetts
  • - reputation of quite, honest, firm
  • - What was Coolidges nickname?
  • Beliefs
  • Laissez-Faire Politics
  • Best govt was the govt the governed the least
  • Took pride in reducing govt control of economy
    (keep govt small)

13
Coolidge (continue)
  • Foreign Policy
  • Promoted international peace
  • Kellogg-Briand pact (1928)
  • - outlawed war as tool of foreign policy
  • Did not seek reelection in 28

14
The Hoover administration
  • Campaign slogan a chicken in every pot, car in
    every garage
  • Like Coolidge, did not want govt to control
    industry
  • Presidency hit by Great Depression
  • - nation blamed Hoover for depression

15
Inefficiency of the 20s (continue)
  • 18th amendment- Prohibition of alcohol (1920)
  • Impossible to enforce (110 million)
  • - bootleggers speakeasies
  • Organized crime
  • - smuggled alcohol (high profits)

16
Government agents breaking up an illegal bar
during Prohibition
17
Al Capone
  • Chicago crime boss
  • - most feared gangster
  • - estimated fortune- 60 million
  • tommy gun
  • never arrested for a single murder
  • Convicted for tax evasion

18
African Americans (1920s)
  • Nearly a million African Americans traveled north
    in the 1920s
  • Largest areas of influx N.Y. Chicago
  • - roughly 300k each
  • - intriguing society
  • - Jazz age Louie Armstrong

19
African Americans (continue)
  • Negro baseball leagues
  • Josh Gibson of the Homestead Greys

20
Josh Gibson
21
Conclusion
  • The Roaring 1920s
  • Consumer society/ rise of advertising
  • Republican political dominance in White House
  • Age of celebrities
  • Prohibition establishes Gangsters
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