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Homeland Security in the States

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States rely on federal government to share actionable information and intelligence ... States face significant challenges in preparing to respond to bioterrorism ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Homeland Security in the States


1
Homeland Security in the States Territories
  • Homeland Security and Technology Division
  • Center For Best Practices
  • National Governors Association
  • Jerry Murphy, Director

2
NGA Center for Best Practices
  • Provides support to Governors and Homeland
    Security officials
  • -Technical assistance
  • -Policy Research
  • -Forums for debate and discussion
  • -Issue Briefs

3
What are the states top priorities?
  • Coordinating Efforts by All Levels of Government
  • Receiving and Disseminating Timely Intelligence
    Information
  • Developing Interoperable Communications between
    First Responders
  • Identifying and Protecting Critical
    Infrastructure
  • Enhancing Bioterrorism Preparedness
  • Funding
  • Protecting Sensitive Security Information
  • Securing Border, Airports, and Seaports
  • Defining the Role of the National Guard in
    Homeland Security
  • Integrating Incident Command Systems

4
States priorities
  • Coordinating Efforts by All Levels of Government
  • Ensures all entities are working toward the same
    goals
  • Coordination through the nations governors
    offices and appropriate state agencies
  • Avoids gaps in coverage, incompatibility, and
    duplication

5
States top priorities
  • Receiving and Disseminating Timely Intelligence
    Information
  • States rely on federal government to share
    actionable information and intelligence
  • Office of Homeland Security should be central
    repository and clearinghouse to provide state and
    local agencies with counterterrorism-related
    information (TTIC)
  • State and local authorities need security
    clearances to receive information

6
States top priorities
  • Developing Interoperable Communications between
    First Responders
  • Communications compatibility across jurisdictions
  • Definitions and Terms
  • Adequate federal spectrum must be secured
  • Analog spectrum must be vacated by commercial
    broadcasters
  • Northern-border interference from Canadian
    broadcasters

7
States top priorities
  • Identifying and Protecting Critical
    Infrastructure
  • Governors have bolstered security at key assets
  • Vulnerability assessments/strategic plans
  • Federal support is necessary
  • Regulatory oversight and guidance to private
    sector

8
States top priorities
  • Enhancing Bioterrorism Preparedness
  • States face significant challenges in preparing
    to respond to bioterrorism
  • Public Health must be integrated into all of the
    other state preparedness and emergency response
    agencies efforts
  • Federal definition of first responder needs to
    be broadened to include public health, hospitals,
    and other nontraditional response agencies

9
States top priorities
  • Enhancing Bioterrorism Preparedness (continued)
  • State and local governments need help in
    upgrading the following key areas
  • Coordinated planning among public health,
    emergency services and hospitals
  • Enhanced analytical capacity at state and local
    laboratories
  • Improved response and capacity to deal with mass
    casualties response
  • Enhanced medical surge capacity

10
States top priorities
  • Enhancing Bioterrorism Preparedness (continued)
  • State and local governments need help in
    upgrading the following key areas
  • Build-out of communications systems that improve
    surveillance, detection, and communication
    capabilities using symptomlogy and disease
    reporting
  • Enhance forensic epidemiology capability
  • Bioterrorism-relevant training for first
    responders
  • Rapid distribution of vaccines and medical
    supplies

11
States top priorities
  • Funding
  • State budgets depressed through 2004
  • Federal government should not reduce adequate
    funding and support to ensure that homeland
    security needs are met
  • DHS should have the ultimate authority to
    coordinate policy and set funding levels

12
States top priorities
  • Protecting Sensitive Security Information
  • DHS authorizing statute provides protections for
    voluntarily submitted information
  • Many states have passed similar exemptions to
    protect sensitive information at the state level

13
States top priorities
  • Securing Borders, Airports, and Seaports
  • Increased security at borders has hurt commerce,
    especially those states sharing a border with
    Canada
  • More appropriate staffing must be provided for
    the federal agencies responsible for border and
    port security
  • A better system needs to be developed for
    inspecting tens of millions of containers that
    cross U.S. borders

14
States top priorities
  • The Role of the National Guard
  • The optimal use of the National Guard occurs
    under the control of the Governor
  • Evolving role for the National Guard, including
  • Receiving and distributing CDC pharmaceutical
    push package
  • Border, Port, and Nuclear Power Plant security
    support
  • Civil Support Teams (CSTs)

15
States top priorities
  • Integrating Incident Command Systems
  • Federal agencies should integrate their command
    systems into existing state and local incident
    command systems (ICS)
  • States and locals already have systems tailored
    to local conditions
  • The Unified Command process is the best way to
    integrate command in both crisis and consequence
    management

16
What are states doing to enhance homeland
security?
  • In response to September 11, Governors designated
    an advisor and/or director for homeland security.
  • Some Governors have chosen to elevate this
    position to Cabinet-level, including MA, MO, NY,
    SC, TN and OR, while others have chosen to use
    the expertise of state emergency management
    directors, adjutant generals, and state public
    safety departments.

17
What are states doing to enhance homeland
security?
  • Legislation--States have passed numerous homeland
    security legislative initiatives, including
    crime, public health, records protections, and
    drivers license protections initiatives to name a
    few.

18
What are states doing to enhance homeland
security?
  • Crime
  • Many comprehensive legislative packages have been
    pushed through state legislatures rendering
    terrorism or support of terrorism an act
    punishable by significant criminal penalties,
    including the death penalty. The primary
    approach has been to assign specific criminal
    statutes to certain types of terrorism, including
    nuclear, bio- and agroterrorism.

19
What are states doing to enhance homeland
security?
  • Public Health
  • Several states have implemented differing forms
    of emergency health powers, bestowing a number of
    powers on the Governor, including the power to
    enforce isolation and quarantines, to compel
    movement of persons and property, to compel
    hospitalization and vaccination of affected, and
    to control stockpiles of pharmaceuticals.

20
What are states doing to enhance homeland
security?
  • Public Records
  • Many states have undertaken changes to their
    Sunshine Laws or other forms of
    statutorily-authorized public records access. In
    nearly every instance, the alterations concerned
    exempting sensitive, homeland security-related
    information from public access.

21
What are states doing to enhance homeland
security?
  • Drivers Licenses
  • Two main changes have been made by states
  • (1) Linking Visa expiration to the expiration of
    the drivers license
  • (2) Physical alterations to the Drivers license
    including, bar code information, digital
    biometric technology, and differently colored
    licenses to designate foreign versus U.S. citizen
    status

22
What are states doing to enhance homeland
security?
  • State Homeland Security Initiatives--States have
    compiled plans for addressing various forms of
    terrorism, including bioterrorism, agroterrorism,
    and nuclear terrorism

23
What are states doing to enhance homeland
security?
  • Critical InfrastructureEach state is conducting
    risk assessments to determine vulnerabilities in
    critical infrastructure

24
What are states doing to enhance homeland
security?
  • InteroperabilityGovernors are taking steps to
    solve communications interoperability problems,
    including investing in new communications
    equipment, updating antiquated communications
    networks, and developing compatibility standards
    for communications equipment

25
Future considerations
  • Over the course of the next year, NGAs Homeland
    Security Division will be undertaking a number of
    projects, including
  • Homeland Security Task Force
  • Bioterrorism Conference
  • Energy Security forum
  • Interoperability policy academy
  • Intelligence policy academy
  • New Homeland Security Directors Forum
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