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King Arthur

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Title: King Arthur


1
King Arthur
2
Excalibur (1981)
3
Outline
  • Introduction
  • Part I. The story
  • Part II. The characters
  • Part III. Literature
  • Part IV. Movies
  • Conclusion
  • References

4
Introduction
  • King Arthur is an important figure in the
    mythology of Great Britain central character in
    the cycle of legends known as the Matter of
    Britain
  • One school of thought believes Arthur lived in
    the late 5th century, of Romano-British origin,
    fought against the pagan Saxons
  • Another school of thought believes that Arthur
    had no historical existence the Arthur of legend
    is a composite tales of the real Arthur's
    exploits may have been confused and merged with
    that of other war leaders of the time

5
The Grail cup or vessel used by Jesus at the
Last Supper, said to possess miraculous powers
6
Part I. The story
  • The life of King Arthur has been retold many
    times over the centuries most of the incidents
    in his life have several versions. According to
    one story, Arthur gained the throne when he
    withdrew the sword Excalibur from a stone
  • Arthur established a brilliant court at Camelot
    his knights included Lancelot, Galahad, Percival
  • Other characters associated with the legends of
    Arthur are the wizard Merlin, the enchantress
    Morgan le Fay, Queen Guinevere, and Arthurs
    enemy and son, Mordred, who caused his downfall

7
Part II. The characters
  • Arthur legendary king of the Britons expelled
    foreigners from Britain, brought peace to the
    country, established a kingdom based on justice
    and morality
  • Held court at his castle at Camelot and
    instituted an order known as the knights of the
    Round Table
  • Son of King Uther Pendragon and the lady Ygraine
    Merlin gives him to a man named Hector to be
    raised with Hector's son, Kay
  • Marries lady Guinevere, but she and Lancelot, one
    of Arthur's favored knights, eventually fall in
    love, and their relationship divides Camelot
  • Grievously wounded by his illegitimate son Mordred

8
Arthur draws Excalibur from the stone
9
Part II. The characters
  • Lancelot
  • The greatest and most trusted of Arthur's
    knights, and plays a part in many of Arthur's
    victories
  • Arthur's eventual downfall is also brought about
    in part by Lancelot, whose affair with Arthur's
    wife Guinevere destroys the unity of Arthur's
    court
  • Once Arthur discovers Lancelot and Guinevere's
    love affair, his own system of justice requires
    that he condemn his wife to death
  • Lancelot rescues her, but initiates a war between
    his forces and those of Arthur and the knight
    Gawain

10
In the 1995 film, First Knight, Lancelot
(Richard Gere), comes to the court of King Arthur
(Sean Connery) as a fearless, freelance fighter
11
Part II. The characters
  • Merlin
  • Geoffrey of Monmouth introduced Merlin into the
    myths of King Arthur a wizard and elder advisor
    to Arthur
  • By shape-changing magic, Merlin enabled Uther
    Pendragon to enter into Tintagel in disguise and
    father his son Arthur
  • The poet Robert de Boron lays great emphasis on
    Merlin's power to change his shape, on his joking
    personality and on his connection to the Grail

12
Lancelot, Guinevere and Arthur
13
Part III. Literature
  • The Welsh historian Nennius first mentioned
    Arthur by name in the 9th-century Historia
    Brittonum (History of the Britons)
  • A full account of his life appears in the
    Historia Regum Britanniae (1136? History of the
    Kings of Britain) by Welsh writer Geoffrey of
    Monmouth
  • The quest for the Holy Grail makes up an
    important segment of the Arthurian cycle,
    appearing first in works by Chrétien de Troyes
  • He wrote in Champagne, France, during the last
    half of the twelfth century

14
Part III. Literature
  • The Vulgate Cycle, a series of tales written in
    French from 1215 to 1235, devotes thousands of
    pages to the Arthurian story
  • In English, one of the most important Arthurian
    achievements is Le morte d'Arthur (1469-1470 The
    Death of Arthur) by Sir Thomas Malory
  • American writer Marion Zimmer Bradley, in The
    Mists of Avalon (1982)
  • She explores the Arthurian world from the point
    of view of the female characters, paying
    attention to the relationships the women have
    with one another

15
Camelot its specific location is currently
unknown and may be a fictionalized Romano-British
province of post-Roman Britain.First named in
Chrétien de Troyes' poem Lancelot
16
Part IV. Movies
  • Monty Python and the Holy Grail, a comedic parody
    of the traditional King Arthur legend. Later
    adapted into a musical called Spamalot, which won
    the Tony Award for Best Musical of the 2004-2005
    season
  • John Boorman's 1981 film Excalibur considered to
    be a faithful retellings of the Arthurian legend
  • First Knight, with Sean Connery (Arthur), Richard
    Gere (Lancelot), Julia Ormond (Guinevere)
  • King Arthur, 2004, claiming (despite historical
    inaccuracies) to be more historically accurate

17
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18
Conclusion
  • The possible historicity of the Arthur of legend
    has long been debated by scholars the French
    medieval writer Chrétien de Troyes recounted
    tales from the Matter of Britain during the
    mid-12th century
  • In these Arthurian romances, Arthur gathered the
    Knights of the Round Table. At his court in
    Camelot could be found the wizard Merlin.
    Arthur's knights engaged in the quest for the
    Holy Grail
  • Other stories from the Celtic world came to be
    associated with Arthur (Tristan and Isolde).The
    love affair between Lancelot, and Guinevere,
    becomes the central reason for the collapse of
    the Arthurian realm

19
References
  • http//whitewolf.htmlplanet.com/excalibur.htmlpic
    tures
  • http//www.movie-poster.ws/movies/wallpaper/scienc
    e_fiction_movies.htm
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Excalibur
  • http//www.timelessmyths.com/arthurian/excalibur.h
    tml
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Excalibur_28movie29
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Arthurian_cha
    racters
  • http//us.imdb.com/title/tt0071853/
  • http//encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761573004/Arth
    ur.html
  • http//www.bartleby.com/cgi-bin/texis/webinator/si
    tesearch?FILTERquerykingarthur
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