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The Legend of King Arthur

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Educated and advised by Merlyn the Wizard. Presided over the Knights of the Round Table ... Include elements of fantasy and magic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Legend of King Arthur


1
The Legend of King Arthur
2
Who was King Arthur?
  • There is great debate over who he was
  • Possibly a king, a prince, or a renowned soldier
  • May have been son of Uther
  • Existed 450-550 A.D.
  • Led battle of Mount Badon, defeating the Saxons

3
King Arthur of Legend
  • Biological son of Uther and Igraine
  • Raised by Sir Ector with foster brother Kay

4
King Arthur of Legend
  • Proven heir to throne when he pulls the Excalibur
    from a stone
  • Educated and advised by Merlyn the Wizard
  • Presided over the Knights of the Round Table
  • Won respect and loyalty of all of knights
  • Married to Guinevere

5
King Arthur of Legend
  • Reigned over 20 years of peace
  • Son/Nephew Mordred against his reign
  • Mordred died Arthur mortally wounded
  • Arthur died and was buried in Glastonbury Abbey
  • Some said he would return to avenge his death and
    reign again

6
King Arthur the Literary Tradition
  • First mentioned in 800 A.D. in chronicle by
    Nennius
  • Arthur fought Saxons in 12 battles
  • Arthur killed 960 Saxons single-handed

7
King Arthur the Literary Tradition
  • Popularized and romanticized by medieval writers
    including
  • Geoffrey of Monmouth History of the Kings of
    Britain (12th century)
  • Chretien de Troyes Erec Ened, Yvain, Lancelot,
    Count of the Grail (12th century)
  • Sir Thomas Malory Le Morte dArthur (15th
    century)

8
King Arthur the Literary Tradition
  • Medieval authors used some elements of Celtic
    mythology and fantasy
  • Included medieval concepts such as knighthood and
    chivalry
  • Portrayed Arthur as a king, rather than as an
    active warrior
  • Wrote for an aristocratic, upper class audience

9
King Arthur the Literary Tradition
  • Post-Medieval Writers
  • Lord Tennyson Idylls of the King
  • T.H. White Once and Future King (1939)
  • Sword in the Stone is 1 of 5 books
  • Marian Zimmer Bradley The Mists of Avalon

10
Knighthood
  • Historically, knights were warriors and defenders
  • Dressed in full armor
  • Competed in tournaments and jousts to show their
    warrior skills
  • In knighting ceremony, vows to be valiant,
    courteous, and loyal

11
The Code of Chivalry
  • A Good Knight
  • Uses his strength for good
  • Strives to be honorable and virtuous
  • Protects the weak
  • Is courteous
  • Respects and defends women
  • Is a defender of the Christian church
  • Is inspired to greatness by love

12
Camelot
  • King Arthurs castle
  • Meeting place of the Knights of the Round Table
  • The seat of King Arthurs power
  • Constructed by Merlyn
  • Embodies ideals of knighthood

13
Merlyn
  • Son of an incubus (an evil spirit) and virtuous
    mother
  • Sent as a sacrifice for King Vortigern
  • Merlyn saw that there were two fighting dragons
    under the foundation
  • the white dragon represented the Britons
  • the red dragon represented the Saxons
  • Dragons fight and the white one wins
  • Merlyn predicted that Vortigern would be slain

14
Merlyn
  • Has magical powers
  • Insight into the future
  • Power of transformation
  • Advisor to Kings Pendragon, Uther, and Arthur
  • Responsible for Arthurs education
  • Is eventually entrapped by Viviane, an
    enchantress
  • Sends Arthurs knight on the Quest of the Holy
    Grail

15
Morgan Le Fey
  • Called Queen of the fairies, an enchantress, and
    sorceress
  • Said to be Arthurs half-sister
  • Is a constant tormentor to Arthur
  • Has magical powers similar to Merlyn

16
The Arthurian Legend - Summary
  • Is loosely based on a real historical figure
  • Is not historically accurate
  • Has roots in Celtic mythology
  • Include elements of fantasy and magic
  • Include medieval ideals and institutions such as
    knighthood and chivalry
  • The themes are still seen today
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