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Marine Spatial Planning in the German Exclusive Economic Zone EEZ Legal Background, Current Status a

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Marine Spatial Planning in the German Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) ... 3 areas designated by the end of 2005 (North of Borkum, Kriegers Flak, West off Adlergrund) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Marine Spatial Planning in the German Exclusive Economic Zone EEZ Legal Background, Current Status a


1
Marine Spatial Planning in the German Exclusive
Economic Zone (EEZ)- Legal Background, Current
Status and Potential Conflicts of Interest -
2
Spatial Planning in Germany in general
  • Main goal co-ordination of uses
  • Based on Raumordnungsgesetz (Federal Spatial
    Planning Act)
  • guiding principle sustainable spatial
    development - social and economic demands need to
    be consistent with ecological functions

3
Marine Spatial Planning in the EEZ
  • Federal Spatial Planning Act was expanded to
    German EEZ in 2004
  • ? responsibility of federal state
  • task is to develop planning targets and
    principles for the EEZ in the framework of UNCLOS
    concerning
  • economic and scientific activities,
  • safety and efficiency of shipping
  • protection of the marine environment

4
The German EEZ
  • Baltic Sea 4.500 km²
  • North Sea 28.600 km²

5
Marine Spatial Planning in the EEZ
  • Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) is
    responsible for the preparatory work (with
    consent of Federal Ministry of Transport,
    Building and Urban Affairs BMVBS)
  • draft of the spatial plan
  • strategic environmental assessment (includes an
    report in which the likely significant effects on
    the environment by implementing the plan are
    identified and evaluated)
  • public participation (as well transboundary)
  • to be implemented as a statutory ordinance by
    BMVBS

6
Important Steps Towards Marine Spatial Planning
in the EEZ
  • Preferred areas for wind farms in accordance with
    Art. 3a Offshore Installations Ordinance
    (Seeanlagenverordnung)
  • Background "Strategy by the federal government
    for offshore windenergy in the framework of the
    strategy for sustainable development (2002)
  • 3 areas designated by the end of 2005 (North
    of Borkum, Kriegers Flak, West off Adlergrund)
  • Aim focussed development of offshore
    windfams in the licensing procedure with the
    effect of an anticipated expert opinion with
    regard to the choice of locations for
    installations
  • to be taken over into the spatial plan as a
    priority area

7
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8
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9
Marine Spatial Planning Regulation
  • Restrictions apply due to United Nations
    Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
  • uses that can be addressed
  • shipping (partial)
  • resource exploitation
  • submarine cables and pipelines (partial)
  • marine scientific research (partial)
  • wind energy
  • fishing (partial)
  • protection of the marine environment

10
Titel gemäß Inhaltsübersicht
11
Marine Spatial Planning - Tools
  • planning target (legally binding)
  • planning principle (guideline that needs to be
    particularly considered in the decision process)
  • priority areas (Vorranggebiete) reserved for a
    defined use, other conflicting uses are excluded
  • reservation areas (Vorbehaltsgebiete) defined
    use with priority in this area
  • suitable areas (Eignungsgebiete) area is
    suitable for defined uses, which are excluded
    outside these designated areas

12
Starting Points for Marine Spatial Planning
Regulations
  • Background
  • Little experience with marine spatial planning
  • lack of knowledge concerning some potentially
    important parameters
  • Existing and licensed uses
  • overall planning guideline shipping routes
    define basic structure of spatial plan

13
Shipping Routes as the Basic Structure
  • Important shipping relations in the North Sea as
    defined by the Waterways and Shipping
    Directorates

14
Shipping Routes as the Basic Structure
  • Definition of areas for shipping along the routes
    in combination with areas for other uses will
    eventually add up to final plan
  • Here for example NATURA 2000 - areas and
    preferred areas for wind energy as specified in
    2005

15
Conflict Resolutions
  • Spatial separation of conflicting uses if
    possible
  • Priority for certain uses in accordance with
    UNCLOS e.g. shipping
  • definition of targets/principles to minimize
    conflicts
  • For further questions please contact
    nico.nolte_at_bsh.de
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