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HOW TO FIND WHAT YOU NEED AND LOSE THE REST

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Title: HOW TO FIND WHAT YOU NEED AND LOSE THE REST


1
HOW TO FIND WHAT YOU NEED AND LOSE THE REST!
2
OR. What is the best way to collect the
information from your sources?
3
Step 1 Identification of keyword and related
words in the researchable questions.
Underline the keywords in your question and
generate a list of related words. Brainstorm!
Use your thesaurus!
4
Are these books useful?
Check for keywords
  • Table of Contents
  • Index
  • Is there more than one page on the topic?
  • Scan a chapter

5
Step 2 Skim Scan!!
6
  • To Skim
  • Take in large chunks of text at one time.
  • Get an idea of the whole passage.
  • Dont read every word!

7
To Scan Quickly look over the material and try
to pick out one specific point or keyword.
8
  • Read the first and last paragraphs of a
    document.
  • Read the first and last sentences of a
    paragraph.

9
  • Use the Find function (control F) to find a
    specific word or phrase.

Ancient Astronomy
10
Now that youve found what youve been looking
for
Image courtesy of www.leehansen.com
11
Its time for..
USE OF INFORMATION!
12
What do you need?
13
  • You will need to take good notes to use in
    writing your paper.

14
  • There are three steps in note taking.

15
  • Youve already done steps one and two

Finding Keywordsand Skimming and Scanning
16
  • Step 3
  • Extract the information AND
  • Add your own thoughts

17
There are four types of notes
  • Facts
  • Summaries
  • Paraphrased material
  • Quotations

18
Facts
Columbus sailed in 1492
The are 50 states in the USA
George Washington was the first president of the
United States
You can copy and paste facts into your notes.
Remember to record the citation information. You
will need this for a parenthetical citation and
your works cited page.
19
To Summarize
Read a large section for overall meaning and put
into one or two sentences.
Remember to record the citation information,
including the page number. You will need this
for a parenthetical citation and your works cited
page.
20
To Paraphrase
Put large amounts of information into your own
words. This is good for supporting information,
biographical information, predictions,
hypothesis, and drawing conclusions
Remember to record the citation information,
including the page number. You will need this for
a parenthetical citation and your works cited
page.
21
To Quote
Quotations are used for one or two sentence
statements that prove a point or reveal an
attitude. Use quotations to back up your own
thoughts and comments. Dont forget the quotation
marks so you remember that you quoted the
material!
Remember to record the citation information.,
including the page number!You will need this for
a parenthetical citation and your works cited
page.
22
  • So lets pull apart the text!

Based on Jansen, Barbara. Reading for
Information The Trash-N-Treasure Method of
Teaching Note-Taking. 16 Oct. 2006. 16 Nov.
2007. http//www.big6.com/showarticle.php?id45
Tomasino, Christine. Trash-n-Treasure to Build
Comprehension Pulling Apart the Text by
Annotating Slides in PowerPoint. 16 Nov. 2007.
www.efriendlylearning.com/presentations/reading/An
notatingwtrashtreasure.ppt -
23
  • Describe personal characteristics that led to
    Edison being a great inventor.

24
Thomas Alva Edison lit up the world with his
invention of the electric light. Without him, the
world might still be a dark place. However, the
electric light was not his only invention. He
also invented the phonograph, the motion picture
camera, and over 1,200 other things. About every
two weeks he created something new. Thomas A.
Edison was born in Milan, Ohio, on February 11,
1847. His family moved to Port Huron, Michigan,
when he was seven years old. Surprisingly, he
attended school for only two months. His mother,
a former teacher, taught him a few things, but
Thomas was mostly self-educated. His natural
curiosity led him to start experimenting at a
young age with electrical and mechanical things
at home.
25
When he was 12 years old, he got his first job.
He became a newsboy on a train that ran between
Port Huron and Detroit. He set up a laboratory in
a baggage car of the train so that he could
continue his experiments in his spare time.
Unfortunately, his first work experience did not
end well. Thomas was fired when he accidentally
set fire to the floor of the baggage car. Thomas
then worked for five years as a telegraph
operator, but he continued to spend much of his
time on the job conducting experiments. He got
his first patent in 1868 for a vote recorder run
by electricity. However, the vote recorder was
not a success. In 1870, he sold another
invention, a stock-ticker, for 40,000. A
stock-ticker is a machine that automatically
prints stock prices on a tape. He was then able
to build his first shop in Newark, New Jersey.
26
Thomas Edison was totally deaf in one ear and
hard of hearing in the other, but thought of his
deafness as a blessing in many ways. It kept
conversations short, so that he could have more
time for work. He called himself a "two-shift
man" because he worked 16 out of every 24 hours.
Sometimes he worked so intensely that his wife
had to remind him to sleep and eat. Thomas Edison
died at the age of 84 on October 18, 1931, at his
estate in West Orange, New Jersey. He left
numerous inventions that improved the quality of
life all over the world.
The Light Bulb. Feb. 2007. 16 Nov. 2007.
www.parentsintouch.co.uk/Newsletters/February07/Co
mprehension20for20Key20stage202Light20Bulb.do
c
27
Now that you have your notes, you must give
credit where credit is due!
28
Parenthetical Citations
In MLA style, in-text citations, called
parenthetical citations, are used to document any
external sources used within a document (unless
the material cited is considered general
knowledge). LEO Literacy Education
Onlinehttp//leo.stcloudstate.edu/research/mlapar
en.html
29
Examples from MLA Formatting and Style Guide -
The OWL at Purdue
30
Your Works Cited will be a list of just those
resources cited in your paper.the ones from
which you took ideas and quotes.
Your Bibliography will be a list of all resources
you used for the project.
31
ASIJs Works Cited Page
Here you will find examples of bibliographic and
parenthetical citations. There are also links to
other resources and examples on the Web.
32
A works cited page might look like this The
Light Bulb. Feb. 2007. 16 Nov. 2007.
www.parentsintouch.co.uk//
Newsletters/February07Comprehension20for20Key20
stage202Light20Bulb.doc Cobb, Jodi.
Thomas Edison. 2nd ed. New York Knopf, 1997
Wilson, Henrietta. The Life of Edison.
Atlantic Magazine Feb 1998 14-19.
EBSCOHost. American School in Japan. 8 Dec. 2002
lthttp//ehostvgw10.epnet.com/e
host1.asp?keygt.
33
  • Your parenthetical citations would look like
    this
  • Thomas Edison was a very creative man who
    invented
  • over a thousand new items (The Light Bulb). He
    did
  • most of this in his laboratory in Orange New
    Jersey
  • ( Wilson) where he worked virtually undisturbed
    because
  • he was hard of hearing (The Light Bulb). In her
  • biography of Edison, Jodi Cobb says he built his
  • laboratory intending it to be the best and by
    far the
  • largest laboratory in the world (25).

34
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35
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