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SIGN LANGUAGE

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One of the hottest trends in child development is that infants can communicate ... was a guest for the American children's populare TV show, ' Sesame Street' in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SIGN LANGUAGE


1
SIGN LANGUAGE
  • American Sign Language is the 3rd most used

2
Baby Sign
  • One of the hottest trends in child development is
    that infants can communicate basic needs before
    they can speak. It also boosts lingual and
    intellectual developments.

3
Spicing it up
  • Sign Language, in its natural state, adds spice.
    Visual-spatial arts, and bedtime storytelling,
    are part of the spices.

4
Persons With Disabilities
  • Signs break communication barriers for hearing
    people with chronic and acute disabilities who
    have delayed or little verbal skills.

5
Professionals
  • Visual-gestural communication is the primary mode
    for stock traders on the floor, flying hands
    filled with numbers and codes. Partially modified
    International Sign Languages may be extremely
    beneficial for stock traders, scuba divers,
    firefighters and several other purposes in the
    fields.

6
Animal Sign
  • Human interest in communicating with animals
    (and possibly vice versa) has been around for a
    long time, via speaking, signing and/or painting.

7
ARISTOTLE
  • 384-322 B.C.
  • A Greek Philosopher, Aristotle, pronounced
    that Deaf people could not be educated without
    hearing, people could not learn.

8
16th Century
  • Geronimo Cardano, a physician of Padua, in
    northern Italy, proclaimed that deaf people could
    learn and understand via sign communication

9
17th Century
  • Juan Pablo de Bonet published the first book on
    teaching sign language to deaf people that
    contained the manual alphabet in 1620. Although,
    sign language was already instinctively developed
    by deaf signers.

10
18th Century/Romantic Period of art
  • Abbe LEpee of Paris founded the first free
    school for the deaf people in 1755. He
    demonstrated that deaf people could develop
    communication with themselves, and the hearing
    world through a system of conventional gestures,
    hand signs, and fingerspelling. He first
    recognized and learned the signs that were
    already being used by deaf people in Paris, and
    developed his sign system. He added a signed
    version of spoken French.

11
Samuel Heinicke
  • Leipzig, Germany
  • Established first public school for the deaf
    people
  • Did not use the manual method of communication

12
19th CenturyThomas Hopkins Gallaudet
  • A Congregational minister who helped a girl named
    Alice Cogswell, traveled to Europe in 1815. He
    studied the methods of communication for the
    deaf.
  • In England, Abbe Roche Ambroise Sicard invited
    him to his school for deaf in Paris.
  • Gallaudet then returned to the United States with
    Laurent Clerc, a deaf sign language teacher

13
Gallaudet and Clerc
  • Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet founded the first
    American public school for deaf students in
    Hartford, Connecticut in 1817.
  • Laurent Clerc became the United States first
    deaf sign language teacher.

14
Baseball Signals
  • William DummyHoy ( 1862-1961) the first deaf
    Major League baseball player, was the reason
    umpires adopted hand signals out, safe, and
    strike.

15
Football Huddle
  • 1894 The Gallaudet University football team
    invented the football huddle to keep the
    opponents from eavesdropping on the quarterback
    in American Sign Language.

16
International Sign
  • 1924 Comite International des Sports des Sourds
    (CISS) was founded in Paris on August 16th during
    the first World Games for the Deaf held in Paris,
    France on August 10th to 17th, with six nations-
    Belgium , Czechoslovakia, France, Great Britain,
    Holland, and Poland-participating in the
    competitions in Athletics, Cycling, Football
    (Soccer), Shooting and Swimming.

17
WFD
  • 1951 The First World Congress of the World
    Federation of the Deaf ( WFD ) took place in
    Rome, Italy, with participants from 25 countries.
    The Deaf were able to discuss and decide on the
    Constitution in Gestuno ( now International Sign
    ). (WFD) The International Sign and English are
    the official languages of the WFD.

18
Linguistic Book
  • 1960 William Stokoe of United States published a
    first linguistic book of Amercan Sign Language as
    a language
  • 1970 Linda Bove ( Deaf Signer ) was a guest for
    the American childrens populare TV show,
    Sesame Street in
  • 1970 Eventually, she became a regular actress in
    1976
  • 1979 Klima and Bellugi conducted a first
    linguistic research on the American Sing Language
  • Phyllis French was the first Deaf Signer to win a
    Tony award ( The Best Actress ) , for playing a
    Sarah role in the play, Children of a Lesser
    God.

19
Diana, Princess of Wales
  • 1983 Diana, Princess of Whales, who acceptd an
    invitation to be the Royal Patron of the British
    Deaf Association in 1983, later studied British
    Sign Language

20
The Smurfs
  • 1983 The Smurfs became the first cartoon to
    use sign language in America on TV. The
    Smurfing in Sign Language show had the highest
    ratings that The Smurfs had ever had.

21
Oscar Award
  • 1986/1987 Marlee Martin ( hard-of-hearing
    Signer, 21 ) became the first daeaf Signer to win
    the Best Actress Oscar award for playing
    Sarah role in the film, Children of a Lesser
    God .

22
ASL Recognized in Manitoba
  • 1988 On December 6th in Winnipeg, Canada, a
    private members resolution was passed
    unanimously which officially recognizes the
    cultural uniqueness of the deaf community and
    American Sign Language ( ASL ) as a distinctive
    language of deaf people in Manitoba.

23
ASL Recognized Alberta
  • 1990 MLA ( Member of Legislative Assembly ) Bill
    Payne of Calgary proposed Motion 216 Be it
    resolved that the Legislative Assembly urge the
    Government, given the cultural uniqueness of
    Albertas deaf community and the linguistic
    uniqueness of American Sign Language as a
    language of the deaf in Alberta and to
    incorporate it into Albertas grade school and
    post-secondary curriculum as an available
    language of instruction. The Legislature passed
    the motion on June 19th, 1990

24
SL Recognized in Slovak Republic
  • 1995 The National Council of the Slovak Republic
    passed a law recognizing Sign Language as a
    language of communication of the Deaf June
    26th, 1995

25
SL Recognized in Finland
  • 1995 The Sign Language was recognized in the
    Finnish Constitution in August

26
SL Recognized in Uganda
  • 1995 On October 8th, 1995, the sign language was
    recognized and included in Ugandas new
    Constitution after the Uganda National
    Association of the Deaf and its allies campaigned
    to promote sign language awareness in Uganda.

27
Benefits of ASL
  • Expands your native language, culture, and values
  • Beautiful, unique, and graceful
  • 3 dimensional language
  • Communication is more wholistic

28
Benefits of ASL
  • Bilingualism expands your cognitive processes
  • You can sign with your mouth full
  • Underwater communication for scuba divers
  • You can talk through windows of buildings from a
    distance (Unspeakable)

29
Benefits of ASL
  • You can be sure that nobody can overhear you
    through doors/walls
  • You can use signs in a library or church
  • Communication is easier in noisy bars, clubs,
    discos
  • Benefits others with special needs (autism,
    communication problems)

30
Benefits of ASL
  • Communicate with toddlers at a younger age
  • Communicate with animals (Koko)
  • Develop linguistic, intellectual, and literate
    skills earlier than with spoken language
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