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By William Golding

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to the novel & to psychology. Lord of the Flies. Biography. Golding (1911 ... The Island. The 'Scar' (protruding rock) The Beast. Lord of the Flies ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: By William Golding


1
Lord of the Flies
  • By William Golding
  • An intro. to the novel to psychology

2
Biography
  • Golding (1911- )
  • born in Cornwall, England
  • received a BA from Oxford University in 1935
  • became teacher, actor, writer
  • He regards his novels as exploring characters who
    demonstrate
  • inherent evil in human nature
  • mans lack of free will
  • his inability to find meaning in life
  • his isolation

3
Introduction
  • Setting
  • time in future during some major war
  • place remote deserted island (Pacific)
  • significance vague, could be anywhere
  • Tone
  • very serious
  • deadly not treated comically
  • horrifying
  • Purpose
  • allegory universal title, show what happens to
    men in primitive state
  • man as a savage
  • what happens when law/society break down
  • show effect fear plays in governing mens lives

4
Introduction
  • Symbolism plays an important part in the
    development of the story
  • clear-sightedness, ineffective intelligence
  • democracy, order
  • pure goodness, Christ Figure
  • savagery, anarchy
  • evil, Satan
  • a microcosm representing world
  • mans destruction, destructive forces
  • evil residing w/in everyone, dark side of human
    nature
  • devil, great danger or evil
  • Piggy ( glasses)
  • Ralph, The Conch
  • Simon
  • Jack
  • Roger
  • The Island
  • The Scar (protruding rock)
  • The Beast
  • Lord of the Flies

Little uns
5
Student Introduction
  • Brief overview of Sigmund Freuds as well as
    Darwinist theories are essential to understanding
    of novel
  • Only superficially is this a story of a group of
    English boys who must survive on an uninhabited
    island w/o adult supervision or guidance
  • boys elect a leader, build a signal fire, live
    off the land
  • boys degenerate into savages hunt the beast
    they fear but never see
  • Golding is saying something important about the
    human condition

6
Freuds Ideas
  • Personality is made up of 3 parts, which are very
    conflicting
  • Id primitive, instinctual, animalistic often
    irrational and impulsive part of personality
    Jack/Roger
  • Ego the rational side of personality, which uses
    reason, memory judgment to control the ID
    Ralph.twins
  • Super-ego concerned w/morality the rules of
    society. Similar to your conscience seeks
    perfection has an awareness of good bad
    PiggySimon

7
Personality
  • An individuals characteristic pattern of
    thinking, feeling, and acting.

Each dwarf has a distinct personality.
8
Psychodynamic Perspective
  • In his clinical practice, Freud encountered
    patients suffering from nervous disorders whose
    complaints could not be explained in terms of in
    terms of purely physical causes.

Culver Pictures
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
9
Exploring the Unconscious
  • A reservoir (unconscious mind) of mostly
    unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings and
    memories. Freud asked patients to say whatever
    came to their mind (free association) to tap the
    unconscious.

http//www.english.upenn.edu
10
Model of Mind
Mind is like an iceberg. Mostly hidden and below
the surface lies the unconscious mind.
Preconscious, stores temporary memories.
11
Personality Structure
  • Personality develops as a result of our efforts
    to resolve conflicts between our biological
    impulses (id) and social restraints (superego).

12
Personality
  • ID

(primitive)
Super-EGO
EGO
(morality)
(reason)
13
Darwins Ideas
  • Was an evolutionist
  • Believed in natural selection
  • Some members of a species have traits that aid
    them in the struggle for life (ex. Mans
    intelligence). Other members have less favorable
    traits therefore are less likely to survive
    (ex. An animals ignorance).
  • Believed that scarce resources leads to
    competition only the STRONGEST are able to
    SURVIVE
  • Believed that man is closely linked to animal

14
More Info
  • http//www.rit.edu/7esjg2490/lotf/island.html
  • http//www.rit.edu/7esjg2490/lotf/media/islandbig
    .jpg
  • http//www.gerenser.com/lotf/
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