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An Overview of "On the Record: Report of the Library of Congress Working Group on the Future of Bibl

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REDEFINE THE ROLE OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS ' ... Examine current cataloging programs and sub-programs at the Library of Congress ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An Overview of "On the Record: Report of the Library of Congress Working Group on the Future of Bibl


1
An Overview of "On the Record Report of the
Library of Congress Working Group on the Future
of Bibliographic Control
Special Libraries Association Annual Conference
Seattle, WashingtonJune 16, 2008
2
Background
  • Working Group was charged to present
  • How bibliographic control can support management
    of and access to library materials in the
    evolving information and technology environment
  • Recommendations on how the library community can
    move toward this vision
  • Advice to the Library of Congress on its role and
    priorities

3
The Process
  • Three Public Hearings, March-July 2007

Google Campus
LibraryofCongress
  • Three topics
  • Users and uses
  • Structures and standards
  • Economic and organization

ALA Headquarters
4
The Working Groups Vision of the Future
  • The future of bibliographic control will be
    collaborative, decentralized, international in
    scope, and Web-based

5
Guiding Principles
  • REDEFINE BIBLIOGRAPHIC CONTROL
  • a broad definition of bibliographic control
    that embraces all library materials, a diverse
    community of users, and a multiplicity of venues
    where information is sought ... view
    bibliographic control as a distributed activity,
    not a centralized one.

6
Guiding Principles
  • REDEFINE THE BIBLIOGRAPHIC UNIVERSE
  • Libraries of today need to recognize that they
    are but one group of players in a vast field, and
    that market conditions necessitate that libraries
    interact increasingly with the commercial sector
    Rather than relying as heavily as it has on LC,
    the community needs to acknowledge that in at
    least some areas, LC may need to be able to rely
    on the work of others.

6
7
Guiding Principles
  • REDEFINE THE ROLE OF THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
  • identify areas wherein it LC no longer
    need be the sole provider of bibliographic data
    and to create partnerships to distribute
    responsibility for data creation ... consider
    sharing the standards effort within the community
    and collaborating with other interested
    institutions to create a rational and efficient
    means of managing the standards needed for
    information exchange.

7
8
Findings Recommendations Five Sections
1. Increase Efficiency - Record Production
Maintenance
9
  • Because the incredible growth in information
    resources is not matched by a related growth in
    library funding, it is necessary to re-examine
    the efficiency with which the work of
    bibliographic control is performed.
  • Eliminate redundancies
  • Increase distribution of responsibility for
    bibliographic record production and maintenance
  • Collaborate on authority record creation and
    maintenance

10
  • 1.1 Eliminate Redundancies
  • Make use of more bibliographic data available
    earlier in the supply chain
  • Repurpose existing metadata for greater
    efficiency
  • Fully automate the CIP process
  • Re-examine the current economic model for data
    sharing in the networked environment
  • Develop evidence about discovery tools to guide
    decision-makers

10
11
  • 1.2 Increase Distribution of Responsibility for
    Bibliographic Record Production and Maintenance
  • Share responsibility for creating bibliographic
    records
  • Examine current cataloging programs and
    sub-programs at the Library of Congress
  • Expand number of PCC participants
  • Increase incentives for sharing bibliographic
    records

11
12
  • 1.3 Collaborate on Authority Record Creation and
    Maintenance
  • Increase collaboration on authority data
  • Increase re-use of assigned authoritative
    headings
  • Internationalize authority files

12
13
Processing has never kept up with the
acquisition of unique and primary source
materials. As a result, there are backlogs of
unprocessed collections of these materials at
libraries and repositories across the country
that are not accessible through the libraries
online discovery tools.
14
  • Make the discovery of rare, unique and other
    special hidden materials a high priority
  • Streamline cataloging for rare, unique and other
    special hidden materials, emphasizing greater
    coverage and broader access
  • Integrate access to rare, unique and other
    special hidden materials with other library
    materials
  • Encourage digitization to allow broader access
  • Share access to rare, unique and other special
    hidden collections

14
15
Data that are stored in separate library
databases often do not disclose themselves to Web
applications, and thus do not appear in searches
carried out through commonly used search engines.
Such data are therefore invisible to information
seekers using these Web applications, even though
a librarys catalog may itself be openly
available for use on the Web.
16
The Web as Infrastructure Standards
17
  • 3.1 The Web as Infrastructure
  • Develop a more flexible, extensible metadata
    carrier
  • Integrate library standards into Web environment
  • Extend use of standard identifiers

17
18
  • 3.2 Standards
  • Develop a coherent framework for the greater
    bibliographic apparatus
  • Improve the standards development process
  • Develop standards with a focus on return on
    investment
  • Incorporate lessons from use into standards
    development
  • Suspend work on RDA

18
19
Libraries have tended to equate bibliographic
control with the production of metadata for use
solely within the library catalog. This narrow
focus is no longer suitable in an environment
wherein data from diverse sources are used to
create new and interesting information views.
20
Design for Todays and Tomorrows
User Realization of FRBR Optimize LCSH for Use
and Reuse
21
  • 4.1 Design for Todays and Tomorrows User
  • Link appropriate external information with
    library catalogs
  • Integrate user-contributed data into library
    catalogs
  • Conduct research into the use of computationally
    derived data

21
22
  • 4.2 Realization of FRBR
  • Develop test plan for FRBR

22
23
  • 4.3 Optimize LCSH for Use and Reuse
  • Transform LCSH
  • Pursue de-coupling of subject strings
  • Encourage application of, and cross-referencing
    with, other controlled subject vocabularies
  • Recognize the potential of computational indexing
    in the practice of subject analysis

23
24
  • As in so many things, education will prove key
    to the professions capability to address new
    challenges in bibliographic control.
  • Build an Evidence Base
  • Design LIS Education for Present and Future Needs

25
  • 5.1 Build an Evidence Base
  • Develop key measures
  • Support ongoing research

25
26
  • 5.2 Design LIS Education for Present and Future
    Needs
  • Communicate with LIS educators
  • Share educational materials broadly via the
    Internet
  • Develop continuing education for U.S. library
    profession

26
27
In Summary
  • Report presents a vision and broad directions for
    the future
  • It is not a specific implementation plan
  • A call to action

28
Library of Congress Response
  • Committed to responding in writing to each of the
    40 separate recommendations, by ALA Annual
    Meeting, June 2008
  • Three separate groups in the library reviewed the
    document

29
Library of Congresss Categorization of the
Recommendations
  • Expected
  • Streamline processes
  • Greater collaboration
  • More flexibility in accepting bibliographic data
    from diverse sources
  • Share responsibilities more broadly and more
    meaningfully

30
Library of Congresss Categorization of the
Recommendations (continued)
  • New ideas
  • Increase incentives for sharing bibliographic
    data
  • Examine economic models
  • Internationalize authority files

31
Library of Congresss Categorization of the
Recommendations (continued)
  • Controversial
  • Give priority to hidden special collections
  • Develop a more flexible, extensible metadata
    carrier (than MARC)
  • Develop standards with focus on Return on
    Investment
  • Suspend work on RDA

32
Joint Statement
  • Leaders of the Library of Congress (LC), the
    National Library of Medicine (NLM), and the
    National Agricultural Library (NAL) met on March
    10, 2008 to discuss the recommendation from On
    the Record the Report of the Library of Congress
    Working Group on the Future of Bibliographic
    Control to suspend work on RDA

33
Joint Statement
  • The three national libraries agreed on the
    following approach
  • First, we jointly commit to further development
    and completion of RDA.
  • Second, following its completion, a decision to
    implement the rules will be based upon the
    positive evaluation of RDA's utility within the
    library and information environment, and criteria
    reflecting the technical, operational, and
    financial implications of the new code. This will
    include an articulation of the business case for
    RDA, including benefits to libraries and end
    users and cost analyses for retraining staff and
    re-engineering cataloging processes

34
LC Response
  • Delivered June 1, 2008
  • On the basis of this internal analysis, the
    Library of Congress accepts and endorses the
    recommendations...We are eager to work with
    colleagues nationally and internationally to
    achieve the visionThis response is not an
    official program statementnor is it an
    implementation plan.

34
35
José-Marie Griffiths
  • School of Information and Library Science
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Email jmgriff_at_unc.edu
  • www.loc.gov/bibliographic-future
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