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Educating Pennsylvanians about Healthy Eating

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Diabetes, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Cancer. Lost work time due to illness. Premature death ... Recipes. Activities (quizzes, crosswords, word searches) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Educating Pennsylvanians about Healthy Eating


1
Pennsylvania Nutrition Education Network
Updates
Meg Bruening, RD, LDN Nutritionist March 21, 2007
Educating Pennsylvanians about Healthy Eating
2
PA Nutrition Education Network
  • Individuals and organizations that share the
    mission of delivering nutrition education to
    Pennsylvanias citizens, particularly low-income
    households.

3
PA NUTRITION EDUCATION TRACKS
  • Previously called PA Nutrition Education Program
    (PA NEP)
  • Provides cost-share support for nutrition
    education to audiences that are 50 or more food
    stamp eligible
  • Curriculum/materials is divided into tracks
  • Pre-school
  • School-Age
  • Adults/seniors
  • Just completed proposal process for Fiscal Year
    07-08

4
Its Hard to Eat Healthy on a Tight Budget
5
Trends in the US
  • Low fruit and vegetable consumption
  • Americans consume 1.4 servings of fruit/day
  • Americans consume 3.7 servings of vegetables/day
  • Increased consumption of soft drinks
  • Milk intake has decreased 40 as soda intake has
    increased 300
  • Decreased physical activity
  • Increased snacking
  • More meals away from home
  • Larger portion sizes

Drewnowski A, SE Specter, Poverty and obesity
the role of energy density and energy costs1,2Am
J Clin Nutr 2004796 16.
6
Obesity in Relationship to Income and Poverty
Schoenborn CA, Adams PF, Barnes PM. Body weight
status of adults United States, 199798. Adv
Data 2002330115.
7
Nutritional Factors
  • Maximizing caloric intake
  • Consuming lower cost foods with higher energy
    levels
  • Overeating when food is available
  • More food is available during the first 3 weeks
    of the month
  • Eat more than normally would during this period
  • Physiological changes
  • Food insecurity could cause weight cycling to
    help body conserve energy when food is available

McIntyre, L, NT Glanville, et al (2003). Do
low-income mothers compromise their nutrition to
feed their children? Canadian Medical
Association Journal. 168(6) 689-691.
8
Food Quality or Quantity?
  • Access
  • Rural and Urban commonalities
  • Convenience stores, corner stores and fast food
    vs. supermarkets
  • 3x as many supermarkets in wealthy areas
  • 4x as many supermarkets in white neighborhoods
  • Lack of transportation to food
  • Food Cost
  • Decreased consumption of fruits, vegetables, and
    lean meats as compared to populations with higher
    income
  • Increased consumption of energy-dense food rather
    than nutrient-dense foods.

9
Cheap calories grain, sugar, fat Bubble
sizecalories/week
Based upon 1999 Thrifty Food Plan Drewnowski.
Obesity and the Built Environment. Washington,
DC. May 2004.
10
Macaroni and Cheese is Cheap
  • 6 boxes of Kraft Macaroni and Cheese costs 2.99
  • 1.5 lbs of broccoli costs 2.99

11
Which Would You Choose??
  • Cereal
  • Fruity Dyno-Bytes 1.64 / lb
  • Raisin Bran 2.38 / lb
  • Fiber One 3.51 /l b
  • Berry Burst Cheerios 5.12 / lb
  • Pop Tart 1.41-1.88 / lb

12
Location, Cost, and Nutrient Density
13
Juice or Soda?
  • Generic Soda 18.5/pint
  • Brand Soda 34.7/pint
  • Twister (10 juice) 55.6/pint
  • 100 Juice (generic) 66.8/pint
  • 100 Juice (brand) 78.2/pint

14
Location, Cost, and Nutrient Density
15
Snack anyone?
  • Chips 4.07 / lb
  • Granola Bar 3.15-4.15 / lb
  • Almonds 7.47 / lb
  • Box of Little Debbie Snacks(1.06) 2 apples

16
Got Milk?
  • Per gallon, milk costs
  • Whole 3.32
  • 2 3.14
  • 1 2.99
  • Skim 2.89

17
Say Cheese!
  • Velveeta 2.83 / lb
  • Generic block 4.18 / lb
  • Name Brand 4.58-4.96 / lb

18
Location, Cost, and Nutrient Density
19
Meat and Potatoes
  • 5 pound bag of potatoes 3.49
  • 5 pounds sweet potatoes 4.98
  • 85 lean 3.69 / lb
  • 73 lean beef 2.29 / lb
  • Double cheese burger 1.00

20
  • As stated by the editors of Lancet in the January
    2004 issue
  • As long as a meal of grilled chicken, broccoli
    and fresh fruit costs more than a burger and
    friesthen the battle against obesity is lost.

21
Consequences
  • Increased incidence of chronic disease
  • Diabetes, Hypertension, Heart Disease, Cancer
  • Lost work time due to illness
  • Premature death
  • For adults with a BMI above 45, life expectancy
    decreases up to 20 years
  • Rising health care costs
  • As BMI increases, the number of sick days,
    medical claims, and healthcare costs increase

Fontaine, Redden, Wang, et al. Years of life lost
due to obesity. JAMEl 289187-193. Burton,
Chen, Schultz, Edington. The Cost of Body Mass
Index Levels in an Employed Population.
Statistical Bulletin on the Metropolitan Life
Insurance Co, 1999 803 8-14.
22
Nutrition Education is Necessary
  • Besides economic obstacles, low-income families
    face significant issues related to food…
  • Access to reliable nutrition information
  • Sources of nutritious food for their families
  • Increased risk of nutrition-related health
    conditions
  • Problems with financial management and
  • Federal food programs availability in their
    area.
  • The PA NEN works to address these issues.

23
PA Nutrition Education Network
  • Community Briefings
  • The PA NEN puts together a workshop in your local
    area
  • Demonstrate methods of nutrition education for
    low-income seniors
  • Share nutrition education resources
  • How your agency/organization can participate in
    TRACKS

24
PA Nutrition Education Network
  • Nutrition Education Database
  • User-friendly searchable database for nutrition
    education programming
  • Two criteria required for entering programs
  • Nutrition education is offered for free
  • Programming incorporates MyPyramid and the 2005
    Dietary Guidelines for Americans
  • Enter your program now!
  • http//pahunger.org/panen

25
PA Nutrition Education Network
  • PA State Nutrition Action Plan (SNAP)
  • Nutrition Education featuring 18 different
    vegetables
  • Health benefits
  • Selection/Preparation tips
  • Growing
  • Recipes
  • Activities (quizzes, crosswords, word searches)
  • Larger font versions of the materials available
  • http//panen.psu.edu/snap

26
PA Nutrition Education Network
  • Digital Photo Receivers (DPRs)
  • Automated photo frame that provides nutrition
    education
  • A Guide to Whole Grain Foods
  • A Guide to Eating Well
  • Breakfast is Smart
  • Shop for Folic Acid

27
Some Other Nutrition Education Resources
  • Food Stamp Nutrition Connection
  • http//foodstamp.nal.usda.gov
  • MyPyramid
  • http//mypyramid.gov
  • Fruits and Veggies-More Matters
  • http//www.fruitsandveggiesmorematters.org/
  • Mid-Atlantic Dairy Association punch out food
    models
  • 1-800-220-6586

28
Thank You!
  • Questions? Comments?
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