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The Civil Rights Movement

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Title: The Civil Rights Movement


1
The Civil Rights Movement
  • The Journey for Justice

2
What are civil rights?
  • The rights belonging to an individual by virtue
    of citizenship, especially the fundamental
    freedoms and privileges guaranteed by the 13th
    and 14th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution and
    by subsequent acts of Congress, including civil
    liberties, due process, equal protection of the
    laws, and freedom from discrimination.

3
Before the Civil Rights Movement
  • On February 12, 1909, the NAACP was founded to
    increase the public's awareness of restraints of
    freedom, assaults upon civil rights, and barriers
    to equality.
  • Since 1909, the NAACP has fought against
    segregation, racial profiling, police brutality,
    and apartheid.

Additional Civil Rights Information on the World
Wide Wide.
4
Brown v. Board of Education, 1954
  • Overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896
  • Stated that separate but equal segregation is
    unconstitutional.
  • Led to the integration of schools across the
    country.
  • One of the most significant strides America has
    taken in favor of civil liberties.

5
Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955
  • Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up
    her bus seat to a white man.
  • African Americans in the community boycotted the
    transit system.
  • Supreme Court ruled that bus segregation was
    unconstitutional.

6
Desegregation of Little Rock Central High School,
1957
  • Governor Faubus ordered the Arkansas National
    Guard to monitor the school to prevent blacks
    from entering.
  • A mob of 1,000 townspeople prevented the blacks
    from remaining at school.
  • President Eisenhower ordered 1,000 paratroopers
    and 10,000 National Guardsmen to Little Rock to
    force desegregation.

7
Sit-In Campaign, 1960
  • Joseph McNeill and his friends was consistently
    denied service at a Woolworth's in Greensboro,
    NC.
  • When an article in the New York Times drew
    attention to their struggle, they were joined by
    more students, both black and white.
  • Students across the nation were inspired to
    launch similar protests.

8
Freedom Rides, 1961
  • With Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), blacks
    and whites rode through the South on Greyhound
    and Trailways buses.
  • Outside Anniston, Alabama, the Freedom Riders'
    bus was firebombed. Another bus, arriving in
    Birmingham, was attacked by a mob.
  • The Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) issued
    regulations banning all segregated seating in
    interstate vehicles and terminals.

9
University of Mississippi Riot, 1962
  • President Kennedy ordered Federal Marshals to
    escort James Meredith, the first black student to
    enroll at the University of Mississippi, to
    campus.
  • A riot broke out and before the National Guard
    could arrive to reinforce the marshals, two
    students were killed.

10
March on Washington, 1963
  • On August 28, 1963, more than 200,000
    demonstrators marched to the mall in Washington
    DC, to gather in front of the Lincoln Memorial to
    the greatest civil rights demonstration in the
    nation's history.
  • Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered one of the
    most eloquent speeches in American history I
    Have a Dream.

Listen to Dr. Kings I Have a Dream Speech.
11
Selma Demonstrations, 1965
  • Dr. King wanted to lead a march from Selma, AL to
    Montgomery.
  • To end the march, Alabama State Troopers, using
    tear gas and batons, chased the demonstrators to
    a black housing project, where they continued to
    beat the demonstrators as well as residents of
    the project who had not been at the march.
  • March 7 was later known as Bloody Sunday.

12
Civil Right Movement Successes
  • 1964 Civil Rights Act
  • 1965 Voting Rights Act
  • Fair Housing Act of 1968
  • Serves as a model for many minority progressive
    movements, including the social improvement of
    historically oppressed groups such as women,
    Latinos, Asian Americans, and Native Americans.

13
Click here for the Civil Rights Movement Quiz
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