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Gothic Art

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The golden door proclaims the nature of the Inward: ... Transition at Vezelay: Early Gothic choir showers light on Romanesque Nave. St.-Sernin ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gothic Art


1
Gothic Art
Thou has ordered all things in measure and
number and weight (Wisdom 1120b)
Let there be light! (Genesis 13)
2
Spread of Gothic black 12th Century, red
13th-14th centuries
3
The Reach of Gothic
4
The Abbey of St. Denis
  • The higher world casts its light on the lower
    world, and, in sensible things, is like a trace
    of purely spiritual things
  • St. Denys the Areopagite

5
Over the main doorway, Suger had this written
  • Whoever thou mayest be, who art minded to praise
    this door,
  • Wonder not at the gold, nor at its cost, but at
    the work.
  • The work shines in its nobility by shining
    nobly,
  • May it illumine the spirit, so that, through its
    trusty lights,
  • The spirit may reach the true Light in which
    Christ is the Door.
  • The golden door proclaims the nature of the
    Inward
  • Through sensible things, the heavy spirit is
    raised to the Truth
  • From the depths, it rises to the Light

6
St. Denis Ambulatory
7
On the Second Sunday of June 1144, the choir of
St. Denis was consecrated
  • In this gathering the builders of the very first
    Gothic cathedrals were represented.
  • A medieval liturgist, Durand de Mende, said of
    the rite Everything which is here performed
    visibly, evokes God in the soul invisibly, for
    the soul is the true temple of the true God…The
    church to be consecrated is none other than the
    soul, which must be sanctified…

8
Transition at Vezelay Early Gothic choir showers
light on Romanesque Nave
9
St.-Sernin
10
Amiens (476 ext. long, 139 high nave)
11
Amiens closer views
12
Choir
                                                
                                                  
      Left Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, Romanesque
Pilgrimage Church, c. 1080-1120 Right
Notre-Dame, Amiens, French Gothic Cathedral,
begun 1220
Nave
Ambulatory
Transept
The video to be shown tomorrow explains the
flying buttress, the innovation on which this new
design is founded.
13
Romanesque vs. Gothic (Abbey of St. Etienne,
Caen)
Vaulting
Clerestory
Triforium
Main arcade
Nave (1064-1120)
Choir (c. 1200)
14
Some Gothic Styles
  • Early Gothic beginning around 1140 (St. Denis).
  • High Gothic/Rayonnant (St. Chapelle, Paris, 1248)
  • Perpendicular (choir of Gloucester cathedral,
    begun 1330)
  • Flamboyant (St. Maclou, Rouen, 1500-14, and
    others)

15
Rayonnant St. Chapelle
  • Rayonnant (Decorated Gothic in England) was
    characterized by the application of increasingly
    elaborate geometrical decoration

16
More St. Chapelle
  • During the period of the Rayonnant style a
    significant change took place in Gothic
    architecture. After 1250, Gothic architects
    became more concerned with the creation of rich
    visual effects through decoration. This
    decoration took such forms as pinnacles (upright
    members, often spired, that capped piers,
    buttresses, or other exterior elements),
    moldings, and, especially, window tracery.

(Some classify this as Flamboyant)
17
More St. Chapelle
18
Perpendicular Gloucester (choir)
  • The Perpendicular style is a phase of late
    Gothic unique to England. Its characteristic
    feature is the fanvault, which seems to have
    begun as an interesting extension of the
    Rayonnant idea in the cloisters of Gloucester
    cathedral (begun 1337).

19
More Gloucester
The Choir
The Tower
20
More Gloucester
Vaulting in the nave
Vaulting in the cloisters
21
Flamboyant
  • In France the Rayonnant style evolved about 1280
    into an even more decorative phase called the
    Flamboyant style. The most conspicuous feature of
    the Flamboyant Gothic style is the dominance
    instone window tracery of a flamelike S-shaped
    curve.
  • In the Flamboyant style wall space was reduced
    to the minimum of supporting vertical shafts to
    allow an almost continuous expanse of glass and
    tracery. Structural logic was obscured by the
    virtual covering of the exteriors of buildings
    with tracery,

St. Maclou (Rouen) 15-16th Centuries
22
St. Severin-St. Nicholas (Paris)
15th Century
23
More St. Maclou
Added beginning of 16th Century
24
Leuven, Belgium Town Hall
15th Century
25
Milan Cathedral (Duomo)
The biggest and greatest late gothic architecture
in Italy. 1386-1577, west front 1616-1813
26
Milan Cathedral Flying Buttress
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