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Black History Month

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In 1761 he attracted attention by building a wooden clock that kept precise time ... Sent a copy of his first almanac to Thomas ... George Washington Carver ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Black History Month


1
Black History Month
  • Courtesy of the Student National Medical
    Association
  • KCUMB Chapter

2
Early Pioneers
3
Benjamin Bannecker
  • In 1761 he attracted attention by building a
    wooden clock that kept precise time
  • Self educated, he began astronomical calculations
    about 1773accurately predicted a solar eclipse
    in 1789
  • Sent a copy of his first almanac to Thomas
    Jefferson with a letter asking for aid in
    bringing about better conditions for American
    blacks

4
Carter G. Woodson
  • Second African American to earn a doctorate from
    Harvard University
  • Began promoting Negro History Week during the
    second week of February to celebrate the
    birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick
    Douglass. In the 1960s it became Black History
    Month

5
Daniel Hale Williams
  • One of the first African American surgeons in
    America
  • Helped found Provident Hospital in Chicago in
    1891
  • In 1893, achieved international fame by
    performing the world's first successful heart
    surgery at Provident

6
Rebecca Lee Crumpler
  • Became the first African American woman in the
    United States to earn an M.D. degree
  • Authored A Book of Medical Discourses - one of
    the very first medical publications by an African
    American

7
Mary McLeod Bethune
  • Appointed administrative assistant for Negro
    affairs of the National Youth Administration by
    President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936
  • Became an adviser on minority affairs to
    Roosevelt and assisted the secretary of war in
    selecting officer candidates for the U.S. Women's
    Army Corps (WAC)
  • Vice president of the National Association for
    the Advancement of Colored People from 1940 to
    1955

8
Great Inventors
9
George Washington Carver
  • Agricultural chemist who discovered 300 uses for
    peanuts and hundreds of uses for soybeans, pecans
    and sweet potatoes
  • Created recipes and improvements to/for bleach,
    buttermilk, ink, instant coffee, linoleum, metal
    polish, shaving cream, shoe polish, synthetic
    rubber, talcum powder
  • Despite hundreds of inventions, he was only
    issued three patents

10
Charles Richard Drew
  • Black American physician and surgeon who became
    an authority on the preservation of human blood
    for transfusion
  • Developed efficient ways to process and store
    large quantities of blood plasma in blood banks
  • Agitated the authorities to stop excluding the
    blood of blacks from plasma-supply networks

11
Activists
12
Thurgood Marshall
  • First African-American justice on the Supreme
    Court of the United States
  • Primary strategist of the series of cases that
    ended with the Supreme Court's 1954 decision in
    the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
    which declared segregation in public schools as
    unconstitutional

13
Ruby Bridges
  • First African American to enter an all-white
    school when the New Orleans public school system
    was ordered to desegregate in 1960
  • Her first walk to school inspired the familiar
    painting by Norman Rockwell

14
Reverend Vernon Johns
  • Controversial Alabama preacher who often upset
    his conservative congregation with his sermons,
    including "Segregation After Death" and "When The
    Rapist Is White"
  • Strongly opposed segregation and on one occasion
    walked into a 'White' restaurant and ordered a
    sandwich, knowing he was putting his life at
    risk
  • After Johns retired, the congregation appointed
    a new preacher--Martin Luther King

15
Dorothy I. Height
  • One of the major leaders of the Civil Rights
    Movement of the 1960s
  • Organized "Wednesdays in Mississippi, to create
    a dialogue about the Civil Rights Movement
    between Southern and Northern white and black
    women
  • Served as the president of the National Council
    of Negro Women for over 40 years

16
Artists and Authors
17
Gwendolyn Brooks
  • American poet whose works deal with the everyday
    life of urban blacks
  • First African American poet to win the Pulitzer
    Prize 1949
  • Named Poet Laureate of Illinois in 1968
  • Received a lifetime achievement award from the
    National Endowment for the Arts in 1989

18
Johnnetta B. Cole
  • Became the seventh president of Spelman College
    in 1987
  • Called herself Sister President,and became
    known as a strong advocate for the liberal arts
    curriculum in a changing society
  • Author of Conversations Straight Talk with
    America's Sister President (1993) and many other
    scholarly articles focusing on race and and class
    in the Pan-African world

19
Gordon Parks
  • Bought a used camera in 1938, deciding on a
    career in photography
  • Three years later, received a fellowship from the
    Julius Rosenwald Foundation to work in the
    photography section of the Farm Security
    Administration
  • Became a poet, novelist, film director and
    photographer

20
Physicians
21
David Satcher M.D.
  • Medical doctor and public health administrator
  • Past Director of the Centers for Disease Control
    and Prevention (CDC)
  • Appointed as the 16th Surgeon General by
    President Bill Clinton
  • Director of the National Center for Primary Care
    at the Morehouse School of Medicine

22
Barbara Ross Lee, D.O.
  • Initially a school teacher after a college
    advisor discouraged her from becoming a doctor
  • Graduated from the Michigan State University
    College of Osteopathic Medicine in 1973
  • First African American woman to be appointed dean
    of an American medical school

23
William G. Anderson, D.O.
  • Graduate of the University of Osteopathic
    Medicine and Health Sciences in Des Moines
  • Leader in the Civil Rights Movement in Georgia
    where he worked along side Dr. Martin Luther King
  • First African American President of the American
    Osteopathic Association
  • Associate Dean of the Kirksville College of
    Osteopathic Medicine
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