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Civil Rights Movement

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Civil Rights Movement. 1909-1954. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People ... Purpose- fight for equal rights through court cases and legislation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Civil Rights Movement


1
Civil Rights Movement
  • 1909-1954

2
National Association for the Advancement of
Colored People
  • NAACP- founded in 1909
  • W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Professor of History and Economics at the
    University of Atlanta from 1897-1919
  • Purpose- fight for equal rights through court
    cases and legislation

3
Tearing Down Plessy v. Ferguson
  • 1896-separate but equal facilities constitutional
  • 1938- Gaines v. University of Missouri
  • Lloyd Gaines ,a black man , wanted to attend MU
    law school Gaines denied
  • State of Missouri did not have a black law school
    so they offered to pay his tuition to a Canadian
    law school

4
  • Gaines sued MU
  • Supreme Court decided Gaines needed a Missouri
    education if he was going to practice in Missouri
  • Supreme Court- if there is no separate law school
    then he should attend MU law school

5
Morgan v. Virginia
  • 1946
  • Supreme Court decided that interstate buses can
    not segregate passengers

6
Chief Justice Fred Vinson
  • 1946-1953
  • Started to work toward equal rights by rejecting
    separate facilities if they were not full and
    exactly equal

7
Sweatt v. Painter
  • 1950
  • Herman Sweatt wanted to attend the University of
    Texas Law School
  • The state of Texas had organized a black law
    school for Sweatt
  • Sweatt refused to attend because it was inferior
    and not equal to the UT law school
  • Supreme Court agreed

8
McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents
  • 1950
  • Black students admitted to state universiyies
    could not be segregated from other students
  • Black students could not be compelled to sit,
    study, eat, or sleep apart from the other students
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