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Changes to the Racing Rules 2009

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When RED will reach the zone, she must give mark-room to the three other boats. ... If RED and the BLUE boats have been overlapped for some time, RED has to be ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Changes to the Racing Rules 2009


1
Changes to the Racing Rules 2009
Produced by the Royal Yachting Association
edited by Charley Cook and Tom Duggan
2
Charley Cook
  • International Judge
  • International Race Office
  • International Umpire
  • Chairman, ISAF Race Officials Committee
  • PRO, 2012 Olympic Regatta
  • PRO, 2008 Olympic Regatta
  • International Jury, 2004 Olympic Regatta
  • Americas Cup Umpire 2003 and 2007

3
Most Importantly, Sponsor
4
Although there have been many tweaks to the
rules only two right of way rules have been
rewritten- and those rewrites make little change
to the game we play.
5
Yes, new Rule 18.2(c) changes the match and team
race games. Yes, it was an error. No, ISAF wont
change it back. Remain calm.
6
The Major Stuff in a Nutshell Rule 17.2 has
been deleted. Rule 18 has been rewritten into
Rule 18 and Rule 19. Rule 19 has been rewritten
into Rule 20.
7
PART 2, WHEN BOATS MEET
  • RULE 17, ON THE SAME TACK PROPER COURSE
  • 17.1 If a boat clear astern becomes overlapped
    within two of her hull lengths to leeward of a
    boat on the same tack, she shall not sail above
    her proper course while they remain on the same
    tack and overlapped within that distance, unless
    in doing so she promptly sails astern of the
    other boat. This rule does not apply if the
    overlap begins while the windward boat is
    required by rule 13 to keep clear.

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8
Old 17.2 Except on a beat to windward, while a
boat is less than two of her hull lengths from a
leeward boat or a boat clear astern steering a
course to leeward of her, she shall not sail
below her proper course unless she jibes. Old
D1.1(a) Team Racing Version of 17.2 Deleted or
a boat clear astern steering a course to leeward
of her
9
17.2 is now deleted completely. There is now no
restriction on sailing below a proper course
except the standard restrictions of keeping
clear and/or giving room.
10
  • RULE 17, ON THE SAME TACK PROPER COURSE

d
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  • RULE 17, ON THE SAME TACK PROPER COURSE


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  • RULE 17, ON THE SAME TACK PROPER COURSE


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  • RULE 17, ON THE SAME TACK PROPER COURSE
  • DELETION OF RULE 17.2
  • This was not permitted

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  • RULE 17, ON THE SAME TACK PROPER COURSE
  • DELETION OF RULE 17.2
  • This was not permitted

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  • RULE 17, ON THE SAME TACK PROPER COURSE
  • DELETION OF RULE 17.2
  • This was not permitted
  • It now is (as long as Yellow keeps clear)

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  • RULE 17, ON THE SAME TACK PROPER COURSE
  • DELETION OF RULE 17.2
  • This was not permitted

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  • RULE 17, ON THE SAME TACK PROPER COURSE
  • DELETION OF RULE 17.2
  • This was not permitted

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  • RULE 17, ON THE SAME TACK PROPER COURSE
  • DELETION OF RULE 17.2
  • This was not permitted
  • It now is (as long as Yellow keeps clear)

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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

DEFINITION MARK-ROOM Room for a boat to sail to
the mark and then room to sail her proper course
while at the mark. However, mark-room does not
include room to tack unless the boat is
overlapped to windward and on the inside of the
boat required to give mark-room. Room for a boat
to sail to the mark… room has its defined
meaning, so, The space a boat needs in the
existing conditions, while manoeuvring promptly
in a seamanlike way, to sail to the mark… …and
then room to sail her proper course while at the
mark… so, …and then the space the boat needs
while at the mark, in the existing conditions and
while manoeuvring promptly in a seamanlike way,
to sail a course to finish as soon as possible in
the absence of the boat required to give
mark-room…
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Note that three separate times in old Rule 18 the
outside or clear astern boat was required to
keep clear. No longer……….. New Rule 18
states that the outside or clear astern boat is
required to give mark-room.
21
This is a small change- in certain circumstances
it will force a boat to round the mark
sooner. When? Old Call E9 has been
eliminated J2 answer the same- different reasons
22
  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (a) When boats are
overlapped the outside boat shall give the inside
boat mark-room, unless rule 18.2(b)
applies. (b) If boats are overlapped when the
first of them reaches the zone, the outside boat
at that moment shall thereafter give the inside
boat mark-room. If a boat is clear ahead when she
reaches the zone, the boat clear astern at that
moment shall thereafter give her
mark-room. (c) When a boat is required to give
mark-room by rule 18.2(b), she shall continue to
do so even if later an overlap is broken or a new
overlap begins. However, if either boat passes
head to wind or if the boat entitled to mark-room
leaves the zone, rule 18.2(b) ceases to
apply. (d) If there is reasonable doubt that a
boat obtained or broke an overlap in time, it
shall be presumed that she did not. (e) If a boat
obtained an inside overlap from clear astern and,
from the time the overlap began, the outside boat
has been unable to give mark-room, she is not
required to give it.
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Note that mark room only includes room to tack
for a boat that is overlapped, inside, windward-
not for a boat clear ahead. This is a change-
before, if a boat started outside overlapped
and then fell astern- the overlapped obligation
remained and the now clear ahead boat could tack
as if she were still inside overlapped.
24
No longer- now it is what it is. If when the
ahead/inside boat is ready to tack there is an
overlap- she is entitled to room to tack. If
clear ahead she is not- no matter how the
relationship between the two was at the zone.
25
When does Rule 18 apply? When at least one of
them is in the zone- no longer when boats are
about to round. When does Rule 18 cease to
apply? If either boat passes head to wind or
if the boat entitled to mark room leaves the
zone- no longer until they have passed it.
26
  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (b) If boats are overlapped
when the first of them reaches the zone, the
outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give
the inside boat mark-room. If a boat is clear
ahead when she reaches the zone, the boat clear
astern at that moment shall thereafter give her
mark-room.
(c) When a boat is required to give mark-room by
rule 18.2(b), she shall continue to do so even if
later an overlap is broken or a new overlap
begins. However, if either boat passes head to
wind or if the inside boat entitled to mark-room
leaves the zone, rule 18.2(b) ceases to
apply. BLUE must luff to give YELLOW enough
mark-room to luff to sail to the mark and then to
sail her proper course while at the mark. BLUE
must also keep clear under rule 11, and must
still give mark-room if she becomes clear ahead
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In old Rule 18 right of way kind of passed back
and forth between right of way boats and boats
entitled to room to round a mark. In new Rule
18 the right of way boat is always the right of
way boat. However , new Rule 18.5 exonerates
boats taking mark room to which they are
entitled from breaking a rule of Section A.
28
  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (b) If boats are overlapped
when the first of them reaches the zone, the
outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give
the inside boat mark-room. If a boat is clear
ahead when she reaches the zone, the boat clear
astern at that moment shall thereafter give her
mark-room.
BLUE must bear away to give YELLOW room to sail
to the mark, and then room for YELLOW to sail her
proper course while at the mark
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (b) If boats are overlapped
when the first of them reaches the zone, the
outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give
the inside boat mark-room. If a boat is clear
ahead when she reaches the zone, the boat clear
astern at that moment shall thereafter give her
mark-room.
BLUE tries unsuccessfully to break the overlap
before the zone. BLUE must give YELLOW room to
sail to the mark, and then room to sail her
proper course while at the mark. If BLUE cannot
now do so, BLUE breaks rule 18.2(b). BLUE must
bear this in mind before deciding to luff
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (b) If boats are overlapped
when the first of them reaches the zone, the
outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give
the inside boat mark-room. If a boat is clear
ahead when she reaches the zone, the boat clear
astern at that moment shall thereafter give her
mark-room.
BLUE tries unsuccessfully to break the overlap
before the zone. BLUE must give YELLOW room to
sail to the mark, and then room to sail her
proper course while at the mark. If BLUE cannot
now do so, BLUE breaks rule 18.2(b). BLUE must
bear this in mind before deciding to luff
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (b) If boats are overlapped
when the first of them reaches the zone, the
outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give
the inside boat mark-room. If a boat is clear
ahead when she reaches the zone, the boat clear
astern at that moment shall thereafter give her
mark-room.
BLUE tries unsuccessfully to break the overlap
before the zone. BLUE must give YELLOW room to
sail to the mark, and then room to sail her
proper course while at the mark. If BLUE cannot
now do so, BLUE breaks rule 18.2(b). BLUE must
bear this in mind before deciding to luff
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (b) If boats are overlapped
when the first of them reaches the zone, the
outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give
the inside boat mark-room. If a boat is clear
ahead when she reaches the zone, the boat clear
astern at that moment shall thereafter give her
mark-room.
When RED will reach the zone, she must give
mark-room to the three other boats. They are all
overlapped on her. If she does not, she will
break rule 18.2(b). To avoid that, she must take
early action before the zone so as to be able to
give mark-room. So must the two BLUE boats, to
give YELLOW room. Is there any exception to this?
Not here, since mark-room can be given
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (b) If boats are overlapped
when the first of them reaches the zone, the
outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give
the inside boat mark-room. If a boat is clear
ahead when she reaches the zone, the boat clear
astern at that moment shall thereafter give her
mark-room.
If RED and the BLUE boats have been overlapped
for some time, RED has to be ready to give them
mark-room at the zone YELLOW, clear astern of the
other three, will have to give all of them
mark-room if she enters the zone after them, even
if she then gybes onto starboard tack with right
of way under rule 10
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (b) If boats are overlapped
when the first of them reaches the zone, the
outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give
the inside boat mark-room. If a boat is clear
ahead when she reaches the zone, the boat clear
astern at that moment shall thereafter give her
mark-room.
If RED and the BLUE boats have been overlapped
for some time, RED has to be ready to give them
mark-room at the zone If YELLOW has only just
become overlapped from clear astern, and the BLUE
boat next to her will not be able to give her
mark-room at the zone, BLUE is not required to
give it. If she can then give it after zone
entry, she must do so
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (b) If boats are overlapped
when the first of them reaches the zone, the
outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give
the inside boat mark-room. If a boat is clear
ahead when she reaches the zone, the boat clear
astern at that moment shall thereafter give her
mark-room.
  • If a boat obtained an inside overlap from clear
    astern and, from the time the overlap began, the
    outside boat has been unable to give mark-room,
    she is not required to give it.

But if instead RED and the BLUE boats had
overhauled YELLOW, they will have no excuse for
not giving mark-room, and should already have
started to move over to be able to give that
room
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (b) If boats are overlapped
when the first of them reaches the zone, the
outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give
the inside boat mark-room. If a boat is clear
ahead when she reaches the zone, the boat clear
astern at that moment shall thereafter give her
mark-room.
BLUE may try to shake off YELLOWs overlap,
before the zone is reached. If BLUE succeeds, she
may sail for the mark knowing that YELLOW must
now give her mark-room. This is at the risk of
failing to shake off the overlap. If YELLOW is
still overlapped at BLUEs zone entry, nothing
exempts BLUE from her obligation to give mark-room
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (b) If boats are overlapped
when the first of them reaches the zone, the
outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give
the inside boat mark-room. If a boat is clear
ahead when she reaches the zone, the boat clear
astern at that moment shall thereafter give her
mark-room. Ideally, both boats would like to hold
their course under spinnaker into the zone it
would be a proper course for both of them
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (b) If boats are overlapped
when the first of them reaches the zone, the
outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give
the inside boat mark-room. If a boat is clear
ahead when she reaches the zone, the boat clear
astern at that moment shall thereafter give her
mark-room. Ideally, both boats would like to hold
their course under spinnaker into the zone it
would be a proper course for both of them
They cannot. YELLOW, the right-of-way boat, on
starboard tack, must give BLUE , the inside
keep-clear boat, room to sail to the mark BLUE
cannot continue as far as she would like before
gybing, and must take only the room she needs to
sail in a seamanlike way to the mark
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.2 Giving Mark-Room (b) If boats are overlapped
when the first of them reaches the zone, the
outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give
the inside boat mark-room… However, if an inside
right-of-way boat wants to take more room than
just room to sail to the mark, she may do so
(subject to not delaying her gybe beyond her
proper course), and the outside boat must keep
clear No change, since rule 11 still applies
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

18.4 Gybing When an inside overlapped
right-of-way boat must gybe at a mark to sail her
proper course, until she gybes she shall sail no
farther from the mark than needed to sail that
course. Rule 18.4 does not apply at a gate
mark. The new last sentence means that YELLOW
can belatedly decide to sail for the other gate
mark and is not required to gybe at the one being
passed
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS
  • 18.5 Exoneration
  • When a boat is taking mark-room to which she is
    entitled, she shall be exonerated
  • if, as a result of the other boat failing
    to give her mark-room, she breaks a rule of
    Section A, or
  • (b) if, by rounding the mark on her proper
    course, she breaks a rule of Section A or rule 15
    or 16.

GREEN was not giving RED mark-room and will be
penalized. Rule 10 is not disapplied by rule 18,
but RED is exonerated under rule 18.5(a) for
breaking rule 10. Note however that there is no
exoneration for RED for breaking rule 14 if there
is avoidable injury or damage
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS
  • 18.5 Exoneration
  • When a boat is taking mark-room to which she is
    entitled, she shall be exonerated
  • if, as a result of the other boat failing
    to give her mark-room, she breaks a rule of
    Section A, or
  • (b) if, by rounding the mark on her proper
    course, she breaks a rule of Section A or rule 15
    or 16.

Rule 18.2(b) requires YELLOW to give mark-room to
inside overlapped BLUE. YELLOW breaks the overlap
inside the zone. YELLOW must still give mark-room
(Rule 18.2(c)). She does not. BLUE is rounding on
her proper course. BLUE is exonerated under
rule18.5(a) for breaking rule 12
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS
  • 18.5 Exoneration
  • When a boat is taking mark-room to which she is
    entitled, she shall be exonerated
  • if, as a result of the other boat failing
    to give her mark-room, she breaks a rule of
    Section A, or
  • (b) if, by rounding the mark on her proper
    course, she breaks a rule of Section A or rule 15
    or 16.

Before the mark, BLUE is (just) keeping clear. At
the mark, YELLOW bears away hard, but on her
proper course, and does not give BLUE room to
keep clear. YELLOW breaks rule 16.1 but is to be
exonerated. BLUE breaks rule 11 by now not
keeping clear she must expect YELLOWs bear-away
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

RULE 19, ROOM TO PASS AN OBSTRUCTION 19.1 When
Rule 19 Applies Rule 19 applies between boats at
an obstruction except when it is also a mark the
boats are required to leave on the same side.
However, at a continuing obstruction, rule 19
always applies and rule 18 does not.
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

RULE 19, ROOM TO PASS AN OBSTRUCTION 19.2 Giving
Room at an Obstruction (a) A right-of-way boat
may choose to pass an obstruction on either
side. (b) When boats are overlapped, the outside
boat shall give the inside boat room between her
and the obstruction, unless she has been unable
to do so from the time the overlap began. CALL
B8 (c) While boats are passing a continuing
obstruction, if a boat that was clear astern and
required to keep clear becomes overlapped between
the other boat and the obstruction and, at the
moment the overlap begins, there is not room for
her to pass between them, she is not entitled to
room under rule 19.2(b). While the boats remain
overlapped, she shall keep clear and rules 10 and
11 do not apply.
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

Rule 18, Mark-Room Applies at all marks, inc.
marks that are obstructions, except a mark that
is a continuing obstruction The room to be given
and taken is is Mark-Room, as defined There is a
zone, at which rights and obligations are often
fixed There are built-in immediate exonerations
for breaking several rules, especially rule 16
Rule 19, Room to Pass an Obstruction Applies at
all obstructions that are not marks, and at
continuing obstructions that are marks The room
to be given and taken is ordinary room, as
defined There is no zone. It all depends on
whether room can be given when it is needed There
are no built-in exonerations, though exoneration
via rule 64.1(c) may be available in a protest
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

BLUE, with rule 11 right-of-way, has to decide
whether to pass the obstruction to windward or to
leeward If she decides to pass it to windward,
then when she changes course to do so, she must
give YELLOW room as required by rule 16, Changing
Course, to continue to keep clear under rule
11 If she decides to pass it to leeward, she must
give room for YELLOW to do likewise
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

Because there is no zone, BLUEs obligation to
give room depends on whether she can do so when
an overlap begins near an obstruction
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

Because there is no zone, BLUEs obligation to
give room depends on whether she can do so when
an overlap begins near an obstruction
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

When boats are approaching an obstruction
off-wind on opposite tacks, they are overlapped,
because the definition Overlap (which normally
confines that term to same-tack boats and
opposite tack boats at marks) extends it to boats
sailing more than ninety degrees from the true
wind GREEN, on starboard, decides which way to
pass the obstruction. If she bears away, she must
give room to RED, and if she gybes to port she
must now keep clear of RED under rule 11
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  • SECTION C, AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

Another vessel that is not racing can always be
an obstruction to other boats (no change) A boat
that is racing can be an obstruction to other
boats if they are required to keep clear of her,
give her room or mark-room, or (under rule 22)
avoid her (no change) If none of the above
applies, a give-way boat cannot be an obstruction
as defined (no change)
BUT a vessel under way, including a boat racing,
is never a continuing obstruction (CHANGE).
YELLOW is an obstruction to GREEN and BLUE, but
NOT a continuing obstruction to which rule
19.2(c) applies. If GREEN catches YELLOW and
BLUE, rules 12, then 11, 15, 17 and 19.2(b)
apply. If GREEN becomes overlapped to leeward of
BLUE, BLUE must now give room under rule 19.2(b)
and keep clear under rule 11, if she can
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Highlights of new Rule 19 There is no longer a
zone around an obstruction- this changes Call
B8 A boat is now never a continuing obstruction
.
53
Highlights of new Rule 20 Room to Tack at an
Obstruction With the exception of the start- a
hailed boat must now always tack- and protest
later if she disagrees with the hail.
54
Rule 23 is a change, also. Old Rule 22.2 A boat
shall not change course if her only purpose is to
interfere with a boat making a penalty turn or
one on another leg or lap of the course. New
Rule 23.2 Except when sailing her proper course,
a boat shall not interfere with a boat taking a
penalty or sailing on another leg.
55
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  • ISAF QAs
  • ISAF Case Book
  • US SAILING Appeals
  • ISAF Call Book Match Racing
  • ISAF Call Book Team Racing
  • ISAF Rapid Response Calls
  • www.sailing.org Officials then RR QA
    Service
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