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Why did God have the book of Jonah written

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... beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the ... (Jonah 2:1-3 NKJV) 'Then Jonah prayed to the LORD his God from the fish's belly. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Why did God have the book of Jonah written


1
Why did God have the book of Jonah written?
  • There were lessons for both the Jews of old and
    for Christians today. (Rom 154)

2
Why did God have the book of Jonah written?
  • (Romans 154 NKJV) For whatever things were
    written before were written for our learning,
    that we through the patience and comfort of the
    Scriptures might have hope.

3
Why did God have the book of Jonah written?
  • Have you ever thought of an individual or a race
    of people as being beyond
    redemption?

4
Why did God have the book of Jonah written?
  • Have you ever thought of an individual or a race
    of people as being beyond
    redemption?
  • Often we have such a confidence in our "wisdom"
    that we fight God.

5
Why did God have the book of Jonah written?
  • Have you ever thought of an individual or a race
    of people as being beyond
    redemption?
  • Often we have such a confidence in our "wisdom"
    that we fight God.
  • In the book of Jonah we learn some important
    lessons about God.

6
Why did God have the book of Jonah written?
  • Have you ever thought of an individual or a race
    of people as being beyond
    redemption?
  • Often we have such a confidence in our "wisdom"
    that we fight God.
  • In the book of Jonah we learn some important
    lessons about God.
  • As Christians we must come to think like God! (2
    Cor 105)

7
Why did God have the book of Jonah written?
  • (2 Corinthians 105 NKJV) casting down
    arguments and every high thing that exalts itself
    against the knowledge of God, bringing every
    thought into captivity to the obedience of
    Christ,

8
Why did God have the book of Jonah written?
  • The same problem within Jonah is faced by
    Christians today.

9
Background of the book of Jonah
  • Who was Jonah?

10
Background of the book of Jonah
  • Who was Jonah?
  • Jonah's name means, "dove." He was the one to
    make peace between the heathen city of Nineveh
    and God.

11
Background of the book of Jonah
  • Who was Jonah?
  • Jonah's name means, "dove." He was the one to
    make peace between the heathen city of Nineveh
    and God.
  • Jonah lived about the time of Jeroboam II (II
    Kings 1423-25).

12
Background of the book of Jonah
  • (2 Kings 1423-25 NKJV) In the fifteenth year
    of Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah,
    Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel, became
    king in Samaria, and reigned forty-one years.
    24 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD he
    did not depart from all the sins of Jeroboam the
    son of Nebat, who had made Israel sin.

13
Background of the book of Jonah
  • 25 He restored the territory of Israel from the
    entrance of Hamath to the Sea of the Arabah,
    according to the word of the LORD God of Israel,
    which He had spoken through His servant Jonah the
    son of Amittai, the prophet who was from Gath
    Hepher.

14
Background of the book of Jonah
  • Lived in Gathhepher about 20 miles north of
    Joppa.
  • He was a

15
Background of the book of Jonah
  • Lived in Gathhepher about 20 miles north of
    Joppa.
  • He was a truly zealous prophet for God. He wants
    all nations who refuse the Lord to
    be destroyed.

16
Background of the book of Jonah
  • What do we know about Nineveh? (Jonah 12)

17
Background of the book of Jonah
  • (Jonah 12 NKJV) Arise, go to Nineveh, that
    great city, and cry out against it for their
    wickedness has come up before Me.

18
Background of the book of Jonah
  • This is one of the oldest cities in history.

19
Background of the book of Jonah
  • This is one of the oldest cities in history.
  • This city was mentioned shortly after flood (Gen
    108-12).

20
Background of the book of Jonah
  • (Genesis 108-12 NKJV) Cush begot Nimrod he
    began to be a mighty one on the earth. 9 He was
    a mighty hunter before the LORD therefore it is
    said, Like Nimrod the mighty hunter before the
    LORD. 10 And the beginning of his kingdom was
    Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of
    Shinar.

21
Background of the book of Jonah
  • 11 From that land he went to Assyria and built
    Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah, 12 and Resen
    between Nineveh and Calah (that is the principal
    city).

22
Background of the book of Jonah
  • Nineveh was located on the Tigris River.

23
Background of the book of Jonah
  • Nineveh was located on the Tigris River.
  • It was approximately 8 miles in circumference.
    The walls enclosed 1800 acres
    of land.

24
Background of the book of Jonah
  • Nineveh was located on the Tigris River.
  • It was approximately 8 miles in circumference.
    The walls enclosed 1800 acres
    of land.
  • Hence, it was three days' journey around the city
    (Jonah 33)!

25
Background of the book of Jonah
  • (Jonah 33 NKJV) So Jonah arose and went to
    Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. Now
    Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, a
    three-day journey in extent.

26
Background of the book of Jonah
  • At this time it was the capital of Assyria.

27
Background of the book of Jonah
  • At this time it was the capital of Assyria.
  • Nineveh was known for its wickedness and cruelty
    of its people.

28
Background of the book of Jonah
  • It was called "the Robber city" because it
    overran and robbed other countries to make itself
    rich.

29
Some lessons about God
  • He is concerned for all men.

30
Some lessons about God
  • He is concerned for all men.
  • How could God show concern for such a wicked
    people? He did! (Jonah 11-2)

31
Some lessons about God
  • (Jonah 11-2 NKJV) Now the word of the LORD
    came to Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, 2
    Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry
    out against it for their wickedness has come up
    before Me.

32
Some lessons about God
  • How did God view these people? (Jonah 411)

33
Some lessons about God
  • Jonah 411 (NKJV) - And should I not pity
    Nineveh, that great city, in which are more than
    one hundred and twenty thousand persons who
    cannot discern between their right hand and their
    leftand much livestock?

34
Some lessons about God
  • Do we have the mind of Christ concerning the
    gospel and the wicked? (2 Pt 39 Mk 634 2 Tim
    224-26)

35
Some lessons about God
  • (Mark 634 NKJV) And Jesus, when He came out,
    saw a great multitude and was moved with
    compassion for them, because they were like sheep
    not having a shepherd. So He began to teach them
    many things.

36
Some lessons about God
  • (2 Timothy 224-26 NKJV) And a servant of the
    Lord must not quarrel but be gentle to all, able
    to teach, patient, 25 in humility correcting
    those who are in opposition, if God perhaps will
    grant them repentance, so that they may know the
    truth, 26 and that they may come to their
    senses and escape the snare of the devil, having
    been taken captive by him to do his will.

37
Some lessons about God
  • (2 Peter 39 NKJV) The Lord is not slack
    concerning His promise, as some count slackness,
    but is longsuffering toward us, not willing that
    any should perish but that all should come to
    repentance.

38
Some lessons about God
  • He is able to accomplish His purpose.

39
Some lessons about God
  • He is able to accomplish His purpose.
  • God wanted him to go. Would you have questioned
    the wisdom of this? (Jonah 13)

40
Some lessons about God
  • (Jonah 13 NKJV) But Jonah arose to flee to
    Tarshish from the presence of the LORD. He went
    down to Joppa, and found a ship going to
    Tarshish so he paid the fare, and went down into
    it, to go with them to Tarshish from the presence
    of the LORD.

41
Some lessons about God
  • Unlike Jonah, God does not directly make us aware
    of when a door of opportunity opens in the life
    of an individual. Still we are to teach all men.
    (Mt 2818-19)

42
Some lessons about God
  • (Matthew 2818-19 NKJV) And Jesus came and
    spoke to them, saying, All authority has been
    given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19 Go
    therefore and make disciples of all the nations,
    baptizing them in the name of the Father and of
    the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

43
Some lessons about God
  • Are we ready for the opportunity of the open
    door. (Esther 414-15)

44
Some lessons about God
  • (Esther 414-15 NKJV) For if you remain
    completely silent at this time, relief and
    deliverance will arise for the Jews from another
    place, but you and your fathers house will
    perish. Yet who knows whether you have come to
    the kingdom for such a time as this? 15 Then
    Esther told them to reply to Mordecai

45
Some lessons about God
  • He is no respecter of persons. (Acts 1034-35)

46
Some lessons about God
  • (Acts 1034-35 NKJV) Then Peter opened his
    mouth and said In truth I perceive that God
    shows no partiality. 35 But in every nation
    whoever fears Him and works righteousness is
    accepted by Him.

47
Some lessons about God
  • What would God do if they repented? (Jonah 310)

48
Some lessons about God
  • (Jonah 310 NKJV) Then God saw their works,
    that they turned from their evil way and God
    relented from the disaster that He had said He
    would bring upon them, and He did not do it.

49
Some lessons about God
  • Do we think that God will allow us to go to
    heaven if we do any less? (Mt 1241)

50
Some lessons about God
  • (Matthew 1241 NKJV) The men of Nineveh will
    rise up in the judgment with this generation and
    condemn it, because they repented at the
    preaching of Jonah and indeed a greater than
    Jonah is here.

51
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • You cannot hide from God.

52
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • You cannot hide from God.
  • Jonah was one who allowed his emotions to
    overcome him. He knew this in his heart, but he
    ran anyway. (Jonah 13 21-3)

53
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • (Jonah 13 NKJV) But Jonah arose to flee to
    Tarshish from the presence of the LORD. He went
    down to Joppa, and found a ship going to
    Tarshish so he paid the fare, and went down into
    it, to go with them to Tarshish from the presence
    of the LORD.

54
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • (Jonah 21-3 NKJV) Then Jonah prayed to the
    LORD his God from the fishs belly. 2 And he
    said I cried out to the LORD because of my
    affliction, And He answered me. Out of the belly
    of Sheol I cried, And You heard my voice. 3 For
    You cast me into the deep, Into the heart of the
    seas, And the floods surrounded me All Your
    billows

55
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • Listen carefully to this verse. (Psa 1391-10)

56
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • (Psalms 1391-10 NKJV) O LORD, You have
    searched me and known me. 2 You know my sitting
    down and my rising up You understand my thought
    afar off. 3 You comprehend my path and my lying
    down, And are acquainted with all my ways. 4
    For there is not a word on my tongue, But behold,
    O LORD, You know it altogether.

57
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • 5 You have hedged me behind and before, And
    laid Your hand upon me. 6 Such knowledge is too
    wonderful for me It is high, I cannot attain it.
    7 Where can I go from Your Spirit? Or where can
    I flee from Your presence? 8 If I ascend into
    heaven, You are there If I make my bed in hell,
    behold, You are there.

58
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • 9 If I take the wings of the morning, And
    dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, 10
    Even there Your hand shall lead me, And Your
    right hand shall hold me.

59
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • There in no place in the universe where we can
    run from God. (At work with non-Christians, on a
    date, filling out taxes, on vacation.)

60
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • There in no place in the universe where we can
    run from God. (At work with non-Christians, on a
    date, filling out taxes, on vacation.)
  • We cannot even run from Him in our imaginations!

61
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • There is a great power in prayer

62
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • There is a great power in prayer
  • Jonah knew the character of God and pleaded with
    God on that basis. (Jonah 21, 7-9)

63
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • (Jonah 21 NKJV) Then Jonah prayed to the LORD
    his God from the fishs belly.

64
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • (Jonah 27-9 NKJV) When my soul fainted within
    me, I remembered the LORD And my prayer went up
    to You, Into Your holy temple. 8 Those who
    regard worthless idols Forsake their own Mercy.
    9 But I will sacrifice to You With the voice of
    thanksgiving I will pay what I have vowed.
    Salvation is of the LORD.

65
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • Jonah is honest with God in his prayer. (Jonah
    42-3)

66
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • (Jonah 42-3 NKJV) So he prayed to the LORD,
    and said, Ah, LORD, was not this what I said
    when I was still in my country? Therefore I fled
    previously to Tarshish for I know that You are a
    gracious and merciful God, slow to anger and
    abundant in lovingkindness, One who relents from
    doing harm. 3 Therefore now, O LORD, please
    take my life from me, for it is better for me to
    die than to live!

67
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • Some may say things in prayer and not mean it.
    (Ex. What a great opportunity to be herebut
    often forsake the assembly.)

68
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • Some may say things in prayer and not mean it.
    (Ex. What a great opportunity to be herebut
    often forsake the assembly.)
  • If you have a bad attitude, tell God about it. He
    can help!

69
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • Some may say things in prayer and not mean it.
    (Ex. What a great opportunity to be herebut
    often forsake the assembly.)
  • If you have a bad attitude, tell God about it. He
    can help!
  • Jonah knew the power of preaching God's word.

70
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • Some may say things in prayer and not mean it.
    (Ex. What a great opportunity to be herebut
    often forsake the assembly.)
  • If you have a bad attitude, tell God about it. He
    can help!
  • Jonah knew the power of preaching God's word.
  • He knew that God's word would do its work. (Jonah
    13 Heb 412-13)

71
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • (Hebrews 412-13 NKJV) For the word of God is
    living and powerful, and sharper than any
    two-edged sword, piercing even to the division of
    soul and spirit, and of joints and marrow, and is
    a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the
    heart. 13 And there is no creature hidden from
    His sight, but all things are naked and open to
    the eyes of Him to whom we must give account.

72
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • He knew that direct, courageous preaching is the
    only way to teach! (Jonah 33-4)

73
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • (Jonah 33-4 NKJV) So Jonah arose and went to
    Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. Now
    Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, a
    three-day journey in extent. 4 And Jonah began
    to enter the city on the first days walk. Then
    he cried out and said, Yet forty days, and
    Nineveh shall be overthrown!
  • Jonah left the results up

74
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • Jonah left the results up to God. Many today try
    to hold back and use their "wisdom" to change His
    word. This will not give God's results. (1 Cor
    36-7)

75
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • (1 Corinthians 36-7 NKJV) I planted, Apollos
    watered, but God gave the increase. 7 So then
    neither he who plants is anything, nor he who
    waters, but God who gives the increase.

76
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • Jonah learned that country must not be more
    important than souls. (Mt 1626)

77
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • (Matthew 1626 NKJV) For what profit is it to
    a man if he gains the whole world, and loses his
    own soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for
    his soul?

78
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • Jonah learned of the crippling power of
    self-pity. (Jonah 43,8)

79
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • (Jonah 43 NKJV) Therefore now, O LORD, please
    take my life from me, for it is better for me to
    die than to live!

80
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • (Jonah 48 NKJV) And it happened, when the sun
    arose, that God prepared a vehement east wind
    and the sun beat on Jonahs head, so that he grew
    faint. Then he wished death for himself, and
    said, It is better for me to die than to live.

81
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • Jonah learned to see things as God does. (Jonah
    46-11)

82
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • (Jonah 46-11 NKJV) And the LORD God prepared a
    plant and made it come up over Jonah, that it
    might be shade for his head to deliver him from
    his misery. So Jonah was very grateful for the
    plant. 7 But as morning dawned the next day God
    prepared a worm, and it so damaged the plant that
    it withered.

83
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • 8 And it happened, when the sun arose, that God
    prepared a vehement east wind and the sun beat
    on Jonahs head, so that he grew faint. Then he
    wished death for himself, and said, It is better
    for me to die than to live. 9 Then God said to
    Jonah, Is it right for you to be angry about the
    plant? And he said, It is right for me to be
    angry, even to death!

84
Some lessons Jonah learned
  • 10 But the LORD said, You have had pity on the
    plant for which you have not labored, nor made it
    grow, which came up in a night and perished in a
    night. 11 And should I not pity Nineveh, that
    great city, in which are more than one hundred
    and twenty thousand persons who cannot discern
    between their right hand and their left and much
    livestock?

85
God can use men in spite of their weakness.
  • Consider the weaknesses of Abraham, Peter, and
    Jonah.

86
God can use men in spite of their weakness.
  • Consider the weaknesses of Abraham, Peter, and
    Jonah.
  • These men had some good traits in common.

87
God can use men in spite of their weakness.
  • Consider the weaknesses of Abraham, Peter, and
    Jonah.
  • These men had some good traits in common.
  • They acknowledged their weaknesses.

88
God can use men in spite of their weakness.
  • Consider the weaknesses of Abraham, Peter, and
    Jonah.
  • These men had some good traits in common.
  • They acknowledged their weaknesses.
  • They were honest. (Lk 815 KJV)

89
God can use men in spite of their weakness.
  • Consider the weaknesses of Abraham, Peter, and
    Jonah.
  • These men had some good traits in common.
  • They acknowledged their weaknesses.
  • They were honest. (Lk 815 KJV)
  • They were willing to repent.

90
God can use men in spite of their weakness.
  • All of us have some weaknesses. (1 Jn 110-21)

91
God can use men in spite of their weakness.
  • (1 John 110 NKJV) If we say that we have not
    sinned, we make Him a liar, and His word is not
    in us.

92
God can use men in spite of their weakness.
  • (1 John 21 NKJV) My little children, these
    things I write to you, so that you may not sin.
    And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the
    Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.

93
God can use men in spite of their weakness.
  • God can still accomplish His will through you.

94
God can use men in spite of their weakness.
  • God can still accomplish His will through you.
  • Can you be humble, honest and penitent?

95
God can use men in spite of their weakness.
  • God can still accomplish His will through you.
  • Can you be humble, honest and penitent?
  • Some have the false concept that you are either
    perfect or a hypocrite.

96
God can use men in spite of their weakness.
  • God can still accomplish His will through you.
  • Can you be humble, honest and penitent?
  • Some have the false concept that you are either
    perfect or a hypocrite.
  • What have you learned from Jonah?
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