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2426 September 2002


September 24-26, 2002, Amsterdam, The Netherlands ... of Amsterdam, The Netherlands ... Amsterdam Science and Technology Centre (WTCW), The Netherlands ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 2426 September 2002

Applications UpdateMarch 11, 2002
Grid 2oo2
www.startap.net/igrid2002 www.igrid2002.org
The International Virtual Laboratory
  • 24-26 September 2002
  • Amsterdam Science and Technology Centre (WTCW)
  • The Netherlands

Maxine Brown STAR TAP/StarLight co-Principal
Investigator Associate Director, Electronic
Visualization Laboratory University of Illinois
at Chicago
iGrid 1998 at SC98November 7-13, 1998, Orlando,
Florida, USA
  • 10 countries Australia, Canada, Germany, Japan,
    Netherlands, Russia, Singapore, Switzerland,
    Taiwan, USA
  • 22 demonstrations featured technical innovations
    and application advancements requiring high-speed
    networks, with emphasis on remote instrumentation
    control, tele-immersion, real-time client server
    systems, multimedia, tele-teaching, digital
    video, distributed computing, and
    high-throughput, high-priority data transfers

iGrid 2000 at INET 2000July 18-21, 2000,
Yokohama, Japan
  • 14 regions Canada, CERN, Germany, Greece, Japan,
    Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Singapore, Spain,
    Sweden, Taiwan, United Kingdom, USA
  • 24 demonstrations featuring technical innovations
    in tele-immersion, large datasets, distributed
    computing, remote instrumentation, collaboration,
    streaming media, human/computer interfaces,
    digital video and high-definition television, and
    grid architecture development, and application
    advancements in science, engineering, cultural
    heritage, distance education, media
    communications, and art and architecture

iGrid 2002 September 24-26, 2002, Amsterdam, The
  • A showcase of applications that are early
    adopters of very-high-bandwidth national and
    international networks
  • What can you do with a 10Gbps network?
  • What applications have insatiable bandwidth
  • A challenge to scientists and technologists to
    optimally utilize 10Gbps experimental networks,
    with special emphasis on e-Science, Grid and
    Virtual Laboratory applications

iGrid 2002 September 24-26, 2002, Amsterdam, The
  • Proposed iGrid 2002 Demonstrations
  • To date, 12 countries/locations proposing 25
    demonstrations Canada, CERN, Germany, Greece,
    Japan, The Netherlands, Singapore, Spain, Sweden,
    Taiwan, United Kingdom, United States
  • Applications to be demonstrated art,
    bioinformatics, chemistry, cosmology, cultural
    heritage, education, high-definition media
    streaming, manufacturing medicine, neuroscience,
    physics, tele-science
  • Grid technologies to be demonstrated Major
    emphasis on middleware tool development for grids
    ? data management grids, visualization grids,
    data/visualization grids, computational grids,
    access grids, grid portals
  • Other technologies to be demonstrated optical
    networks as a data storage medium, logistical
  • Network monitoring and measurement on the iGrid

iGrid 2002Canada and the United States
  • Space Over Time
  • badpacket, Canada
  • For this art project, four video streams are
    projected onto the floor ? using artificial life
    algorithms and composite images of current and
    ancient cartographic information, live video and
    prepared video. Topographical information is
    layered with weather patterns, demographic
    mappings, satellite imagery, live data from
    cameras placed around cities, subway maps, and
    more, creating a dynamic pattern that is
    constantly changing.

Participants experience the slow time/space of
Earth with the fleeting time/space of human
iGrid 2002Canada, United States and The
  • Wavelength Disk Drives (WDD)
  • CANARIE, Canada
  • Can-Sol Computer Corporation, Canada
  • Electronic Visualization Laboratory, UIC, USA
  • SARA and SURFnet, The Netherlands

A WDD system treats an optical network as a
storage medium. WDD is exploring the use of a
video rendering application for its Phase 2, to
be completed February 2003. iGrid 2002 is a
milestone. WDD nodes will be deployed in
Amsterdam, Chicago and several CAnet4 sites.
iGrid 2002Greece
  • Virtual Visit to the Site of Ancient Olympia
  • Foundation of the Hellenic World (FHW), Greece
  • University of Macedonia, Greece
  • Greek Research Technology Network

In preparation for the 2004 Olympic Games hosted
by Greece, the FHW, a cultural heritage
institution based in Athens, is developing an
accurate 3D reconstruction of the site of Olympia
as it used to be in antiquity. if access to a
high-performance network were available, the
FHWs museum could serve as a centre of
excellence, delivering educational and heritage
content to a number of sites worldwide.
One of the most important monuments of the site
is the Temple of Zeus, which houses the famous
statue of Zeus, one of the seven wonders of the
ancient world of which nothing remains today.
iGrid 2002Japan
  • TACC Quantum Chemistry Grid/Gaussian Portal
  • National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science
    and Technology, Japan

Gaussian code, used in computational chemistry,
sometimes receives inadequate computational
resources when run on large computers. The
Gaussian Grid Portal efficiently utilizes
costly computational resources without knowing
the specifications of each system environment.
It consists of a Web interface, meta-scheduler,
computational resources, archival resources, and
Grid Infraware. Grids allow one to compute from
anywhere. 10Gb networking will eliminate the
latency of using the portal to obtain adequate
iGrid 2002The Netherlands
  • Virtual Laboratory on a National Scale
  • University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

This demonstration of upper middleware
complements Grid services, enabling scientists to
easily extract information from raw datasets
utilizing multiple computing resources. The
Virtual Lab software assigns various clusters
(part of a distributed wide-area computer) parts
of the problem (retrieval, analysis,
visualization, etc.) To do data analysis and
visualization on a distributed system, high
bandwidth is a necessary prerequisite.
iGrid 2002The Netherlands and the United States
  • D0 Data Analysis
  • NIKHEF, The Netherlands
  • Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab),

At D0 at Fermilab, raw data is coming from the
detector. It is processed at a computer farm at
Fermilab and the results are written to tape.
Using NetherLight/StarLight, it would be possible
to process the raw data on computers at NIKHEF.
Raw data would be transferred to NIKHEF and
results sent back to Fermilab.
May be withdrawn due to illness of one of the
iGrid 2002The Netherlands and the United States
  • Griz Grid Visualization Over Optical Networks
  • Vrije Universiteit, The Netherlands
  • Electronic Visualization Laboratory, UIC

A distributed parallel rendering toolkit, Aura,
remotely renders data on available graphics
resources (notably in Chicago and Amsterdam) for
local display. Interactive and collaborative
applications have a near-real-time requirement.
For interaction over long distances, network
delay is a key factor. We expect a high-bandwidth
optical network to have a highly constant
(predictable) latency, which will make
near-real-time behavior easier.
iGrid 2002The Netherlands, United Kingdom and
the United States
  • vlbiGrid
  • Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe, The
  • Jodrell Bank Observatory, University of
    Manchester, UK
  • Haystack Observatory, MIT, USA
  • University of Manchester UK
  • University College London, UK
  • University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) is a
technique in which an array of physically
independent radio telescopes observes
simultaneously to yield high-resolution images of
cosmic radio sources. Today, magnetic tape
transports data from telescopes to computers. The
European VLBI Network (EVN) has access to
multiple data sources that can deliver 1Gbps each
and a data processor that can process 16 data
streams simultaneously. High-speed networks would
enable the EVN to achieve many-fold improvements
in bandwidth.
www.jive.nl, www.jb.man.ac.uk, www.haystack.edu
iGrid 2002Singapore
  • BioGrid
  • Bio Informatics Centre (BIC) National University
    of Singapore
  • Kooprime, Singapore

Bioinformatics is the study of the information
content and information flow in biological
processes and systems. Understanding gene and
protein sequence information helps find new
medical drug leads. Using BICs BioGrid
(networked computational resources) and KooP
Testbed technology, biologists can quickly build
complex series of computations and database
management activities on top of computational
grids to solve real world problems.
Tentative looking for USA collaborators
www.bic.nus.edu.sg, www.bic.nus.edu.sg/biogrid,
http//s-star.org/main.htm, www.apbionet.org
iGrid 2002Spain and the United States
  • HDTV Transmission over IP of a Cultural TV
  • between Barcelona, Seattle and Chicago
  • Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC),
  • Barcelona, Spain
  • University of Washington, USA
  • Northwestern University, USA
  • Starmaze, Spain

To demonstrate the first transcontinental HDTV
set of productions over IP at 1Gbps, this group
will broadcast cultural information
(bi-directionally). Under consideration are acts
of La Traviata, taped last year in Barcelona in
HDTV, and a cultural performance of the Year
Gaudi 2002, events celebrating the famous
architects 150th birthday.
iGrid 2002Taiwan and Germany
  • Image Feature Extraction on a Grid Testbed
  • National Center for High Performance Computing,
  • Institute of Statistical Science, Academia
    Sinica, Taiwan
  • High Performance Computing Center, Rechenzentrum
    Universität Stuttgart

For medical imagery (confocal laser-scanning
microscopes, CT, MRI and PET), NCHC does image
processing, analysis and 3D reconstruction. For
biotechnology imagery (e.g., microarray
biochips), NCHC uses a data clustering procedure
for feature extraction that provides insight into
an image, such as identifying diseases caused by
some protein. Grid techniques enable the use of
distributed computing resources and shared data.
High-speed networks enable fast processing
typical medical doctors want the procedure
accomplished in 5 seconds for use in daily
3D modeling of a cockroach brain acquired from a
confocal laser-scanning microscope, visualized in
the CAVE with COVISE software
iGrid 2002United States
  • Telescience Portal
  • National Center for Microscopy and Imaging
    Research (NCMIR), UCSD
  • Develop a richly integrated, closed-loop
    telescience application.
  • Using a remote electron microscope, acquire a
    series of digital images of a specimen.
  • Create a tomographic 3D reconstruction.
  • Enable the user to steer the acquisition and
    reconstruction towards better results by using
    information feedback.

iGrid 2002United States and CERN
  • Insatiable Bandwidth Grid-Enabled Object
    Collection Analysis for Particle Physics
  • Caltech, USA
  • CERN

Extend an SC2001 bandwidth greedy demo to an
insatiable bandwidth demo Enabled particle
physicists at SC2001 in Denver to interactively
analyze 105 GB of physics event data stored at
two Tier 2 centers (at Caltech and SDSC),
achieving a peak throughput of 29.06 MByte/sec.
The demo showed key elements of the CMS Data Grid
system that the CMS particle physics experiment
is building, in collaboration with several Data
Grid reseach projects like GriPhyN, PPDG, and the
EU DataGrid.
iGrid 2002United States, Canada, United Kingdom,
Sweden, Netherlands
  • Terra Wide Data Mining Testbed (TWDM)
  • Laboratory for Advanced Computing, UIC
  • Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada
  • Imperial College of Science, Technology
  • University of London
  • SARA, The Netherlands
  • Center for Parallel Computers, Royal Institute of
    Technology, Sweden
  • The Terra Mining Testbed (TMTB) uses
    high-performance clusters linked
  • by wide-area high-performance networks to provide
    the data and compute
  • services required.

iGrid 2002United States and The Netherlands
  • Visual Tera Mining
  • Laboratory for Advanced Computing, UIC
  • Electronic Visualization Laboratory, UIC
  • Visualize multiples of gigabytes of data in near
    real time.

iGrid 2002United States and The Netherlands
  • TeraVision Visualization Streaming over Optical
  • Electronic Visualization Laboratory, UIC, USA
  • SARA and Vrije University, The Netherlands

This project will stream pre-rendered
high-resolution (gigabit-level) graphics from
Chicago to Amsterdam. In 5 years, TeraVision will
be like Television, where scientists simply dial
into their streamed visualization. For a 20-node
tiled display, we need 10Gbps. TeraVision can be
used with the Access Grid to share a
visualization with 5-10 sites, we will need

TeraVision will demonstrate tiled
cluster-to-cluster graphics streaming. This
image, from SC99, depicts the University of
Minnesotas PowerWall running an interactive
collaboration developed by UIC and the US DoE
ASCI project.
iGrid 2002United States and The Netherlands
  • Photonic TeraStream
  • International Center for Advanced Internet
    Research (iCAIR), Northwestern University, USA
  • University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

This project showcases new technologies and
techniques being developed on the
StarLight/NetherLight testbed and on OMNInet in
support of high-performance digital media and
extremely-high-performance data transfer. This
10Gbps capability is being used to develop a
reference model for a next-generation core
optical metro network infrastructure. This
infrastructure will allow access to and dynamic
interaction with very large amounts of data. Our
application can utilize multi-Gbps today in five
years, we hope to utilize multiple 10GigE streams.
iGrid 2002United States, United Kingdom and The
  • Dynamic Load Balancing of Structured Adaptive
  • Refinement (SAMR) Applications on Distributed
  • ECE Department, Northwestern University, USA
  • Nuclear and Astrophysics Laboratory, Oxford

ENZO is one of the successful parallel
implementations of structured AMR (SAMR) for use
in astrophysics and cosmology. We propose a
framework for dynamic load balancing on
distributed systems and implement the scheme in
ENZO code. To sufficiently simulate the formation
of galaxies, taking communication and latency
issues into consideration, the bandwidth must be
iGrid 2002United States and the United Kingdom
  • The Universe Distributed Virtual Collaboration
  • University of California, San Diego
  • Information Sciences Institute, University of
    Southern California
  • Hayden Planetarium, New York, NY, USA
  • Stephen Hawking Laboratory, University of
    Cambridge, UK

Virtual Director and related technologies enable
multiple users to remotely collaborate in a
shared, astrophysical virtual world. Users are
able to collaborate via video, audio, avatars and
through discreet interactions with the data.
Collaborators can see and hear each other through
streaming video, audio and 3D avatar
iGrid 2002United States
  • Collaborative Visualization over the Access Grid
  • Argonne National Laboratory/University of
    Chicago, USA

This project ties the Access Grid and the
TeraGrid together, enabling scientists to
collaboratively and interactively analyze
time-varying datasets that are multiple terabytes
in size. In addition to supporting audio and
video, the Access Grid connects users with the
output of visualizations ? to explore datasets,
create isosurfaces, look at particle traces, and
move cutting planes. Current AG sessions consume
30Mbps higher bandwidth will enable higher
resolution video, higher quality audio, and
more advanced applications.
www.accessgrid.org, www.teragrid.org
iGrid 2002United States
  • Video IBPster
  • LoCI Lab, University of Tennessee, USA

Logistical Networking is defined as the global
scheduling and optimization of data movement,
storage and computation. We develop tools that
are dedicated to fast data transfer, such as the
Data Mover, using as much bandwidth as is
available. For iGrid, a geographically
distributed abstraction of a file is replicated,
transported to depots that are closer according
to network proximity values calculated in
real-time using NWS, and downloaded from the
nearest site in a completely transparent way for
a high-level application.
iGrid 2002United States
  • Res Umbrae, USA
  • University at Buffalo, USA

PAAPAB (Pick An Avatar, Pick A Beat) is a shared
virtual-reality disco environment inhabited by
life-size puppets (user avatars). Currently, due
to limited bandwidth, the disco motions and music
are cached and played back locally at each client
rather than streamed continuously. Our
theoretical bandwidth needs are in the 50-100
Mbps range (for up to 12 participants, 40
puppets, and high-quality audio). Assuming 10Gb,
the limiting factor becomes the number of people
who have access to VR equipment and network
connections. Of course, latency and jitter are
also issues to understand.
iGrid 2002United States, Germany, United
Kingdom, Japan and Taiwan
  • Distributed, On-Demand, Data-Intensive and
  • Simulation Analysis
  • Sandia National Laboratories, USA
  • Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, USA
  • Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center, Japan
  • National Center for High-Performance Computing,
  • High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart,
  • Manchester Computing Centre, UK

Applications to be demoed include manufacturing
and bio-informatics
This project focuses on grid-enabling
technologies for distributed computing,
on-demand computing, data-intensive computing
and collaborative analysis. These centers are
developing a system that delivers computation and
data exploration of very large datasets over a
high performance network. All collaborative
graphics sessions will be complemented with
audio/video conferencing using an Access Grid
iGrid 2002United States
  • Beat Box
  • Indiana University, USA

Beat Box presents networked CAVE participants
with a playful arena of interactive sound
machines. Each of three machines has a unique
periodic duration and controls, respectively,
percussion, ambient loops and bass sounds.
iGrid 2002United States and CERN
  • Replication Mechanisms for High Energy Physics
  • Argonne National Laboratory, USA
  • Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, USA
  • Caltech, USA
  • USC Information Sciences Institute, USA
  • CERN (EU DataGrid Project)
  • Condor Group, University of Wisconsin, USA

Approximately 10000 scientists from 100s of
universities in over 50 different countries will
participate in the analysis of Large Hadron
Collider (LHC) data. To make processing the data
efficient, it might be desirable to create remote
read-only copies (replicas) of data elements
(files) to reduce access latency, increase
robustness, or increase the probability that a
file can be found associated with idle computing
capacity. Tools that accomplish this are
presented GridFTP (a transport mechanism for
moving the data over the WAN), a replica location
service (RLS), and GDMP (a simple, high-level
management system).
  • iGrid 2002 Organizing Institutions
  • Amsterdam Science and Technology Centre (WTCW),
    The Netherlands
  • GigaPort Project, The Netherlands
  • SARA Computing and Networking Services, The
  • SURFnet, The Netherlands
  • Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University
    of Illinois at Chicago, USA
  • Internatl Center for Advanced Internet Research,
    Northwestern Univ., USA
  • Math and Computer Science Division, Argonne
    National Laboratory, USA
  • Office of the Vice President for Information
    Technology, Indiana Univ., USA
  • iGrid 2002 Participating Organizations
  • Internet2, USA
  • CANARIE, Canada
  • TERENA, Europe
  • iGrid 2002 Sponsors
  • Amsterdam Science and Technology Centre (WTCW),
    The Netherlands
  • GigaPort Project, The Netherlands
  • National Science Foundation NL (NWO)

iGrid 2002
  • How can PRAGMA participate?
  • Submit proposals for applications, middleware,
    network monitoring and measuring
  • Very-high-bandwidth (2.5-10Gig) connectivity to
    StarLight www.startap.net/starlight
  • Share grid resources with other applications
    people in US and Europe

Get involved with the iGrid 2002 Testbed!
  • For more information
  • Call for Participation
  • www.startap.net/igrid2002
  • Contact
  • maxine_at_uic.edu
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