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A Brief History of New Amsterdam

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As a fur trading post New Amsterdam was strictly 2nd class. ... Just wasn't much in New Amsterdam that would produce serious bucks. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Brief History of New Amsterdam


1
A Brief History of New Amsterdam
  • Thomas De Vicq

2
A Brief History of New Amsterdam
  • Thomas De Vicq

3
  • Henry Hudson was hired by the Dutch to find a
    Northwest passage to China. Hudson was
    unsuccessful but in 1609 he found a wide stretch
    of river situated between present day Manhattan
    and New Jersey, known today as the Hudson river.
  • By 1624 present day (south) Manhattan Island was
    established by the Dutch West India Company as a
    trading post mostly for beaver furs.

4
  • Henry Hudson was hired by the Dutch to find a
    Northwest passage to China. Hudson was
    unsuccessful but in 1609 he found a wide stretch
    of river situated between present day Manhattan
    and New Jersey, known today as the Hudson river.
  • By 1624 present day (south) Manhattan Island was
    established by the Dutch West India Company as a
    trading post mostly for beaver furs.

5
  • By 1626 Manhattan Island saw its first set of
    permanent settlers including 11 African slaves
    from Angola. First settlers were not actually
    Dutch rather Belgian Huguenots (or French
    speaking Calvinists).
  • Peter Minuit bought the entire island from the
    Natives for 60 guilders which was very cheap.
  • Problems for settlers quickly began, however, as
    Jonas Michaelus writes in 1628
  • As a fur trading post New Amsterdam was strictly
    2nd class. The big bucks were in the spices,
    pepper and textiles of the East.

6
  • By 1626 Manhattan Island saw its first set of
    permanent settlers including 11 African slaves
    from Angola. First settlers were not actually
    Dutch rather Belgian Huguenots (or French
    speaking Calvinists).
  • Peter Minuit bought the entire island from the
    Natives for 60 guilders which was very cheap.
  • Problems for settlers quickly began, however, as
    Jonas Michaelus writes in 1628
  • As a fur trading post New Amsterdam was strictly
    2nd class. The big bucks were in the spices,
    pepper and textiles of the East.

7
  • Most people in Holland not interested in going to
    Manhattan because it was such a second class
    outfit. Why pursue beaver skins when you could go
    after slave trade in Africa/ spice islands for
    much more profit? Just wasnt much in New
    Amsterdam that would produce serious bucks.
  • In 1643 Willem Kieft, the then Director-general,
    orders an attack on the Lenape Natives killing
    120 men, women and children over the course of a
    year. This was done presumably because of
    frequent attacks on European settlers in and
    around the island.

8
  • Most people in Holland not interested in going to
    Manhattan because it was such a second class
    outfit. Why pursue beaver skins when you could go
    after slave trade in Africa/ spice islands for
    much more profit? Just wasnt much in New
    Amsterdam that would produce serious bucks.
  • In 1643 Willem Kieft, the then Director-general,
    orders an attack on the Lenape Natives killing
    120 men, women and children over the course of a
    year. This was done presumably because of
    frequent attacks on European settlers in and
    around the island.

9
  • With meager trading, virtually no secure
    agriculture and dissent among the colonists
    because of poor leadership, the colony was near
    collapse and population was declining. As a
    result

10
  • With meager trading, virtually no secure
    agriculture and dissent among the colonists
    because of poor leadership, the colony was near
    collapse and population was declining. As a
    result

11
Improvements on the way
  • Luckily the DWIC in 1647 replaced Kieft with
    Peter Stuyvesant who had orders to turn New
    Amsterdam around and make it profitable. In a
    short time he imposed fines for missing church
    and banned drinking on Sunday. Population
    increases and within 8 years the colony is turned
    around and reached a population of 3,000.
    Stuyvesant also builds a wall to keep the Natives
    and English out.

12
Improvements on the way
  • Luckily the DWIC in 1647 replaced Kieft with
    Peter Stuyvesant who had orders to turn New
    Amsterdam around and make it profitable. In a
    short time he imposed fines for missing church
    and banned drinking on Sunday. Population
    increases and within 8 years the colony is turned
    around and reached a population of 3,000.
    Stuyvesant also builds a wall to keep the Natives
    and English out.

13
Works Cited
  • Ades, Lisa Burns, Ric Rivo, Steve. Burns, Ric
    Sanders, James. (1999). New York A Documentary
    Film Episode 1. United States PBS.
  • Archdeacon, Thomas. (1976). New York City,
    1664-1710. Ithaca, NY Cornell University
    Press.
  • Holder, Furber. (1976). Rival empires of trade in
    the Orient. Minneapolis University of
    Minnesota Press.
  • Singleton, Esther. (1968). Dutch New York. New
    York Benjamin Blom, Inc.

14
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