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Higher Education Accessing the Future

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Title: Higher Education Accessing the Future


1
Higher Education Accessing the Future
  • Jan I. Fox
  • VP for Information Technology/CIO
  • Marshall University

2
Distance Education inWest Virginia
  • Overview
  • Our Audience
  • Responding to Our Audience
  • Modes of Delivery

3
MU Learning Communities
  • We are socially inclusive and actively pursue
    opportunities to ensure that all our members are
    part of our learning communities
  • We view information technologies. including
    Internet accessible interactive multimedia
    technologies, as tools for enriching learning by
    tailoring instruction to societal,
    organizational, and individual needs.
  • We value regional and global interconnections and
    cultural links for expanding access and
    opportunity to educational resources regardless
    of format and/or location.
  • We provide flexible learning programs available
    to address all students' needs.

4
MU Learning Communities
  • We will continue to actively implement a
    technical, social and intellectual infrastructure
    that ensures equity of access to learning,
    information, and information technologies while
    recognizing that investments in learning
    contribute to overall competitiveness and the
    economic and social well-being of the nation.
  • We will continue to support the educational
    demands of knowledge workers. This includes
    restructuring library resources, administrative
    systems, networks, policy, etc. to meet the needs
    of our current and future populations

5
Distance Distributed Learning Defined
  • Distance Education is a process that connects
    learners with a system of distributed learning
    resources designed to meet the educational needs
    of a learner.
  • This instructional delivery system is
    characterized by the separation of time and/or
    space between instructor and learner, among
    learners, and/or between learners and learning
    resources.
  • One or more media provides for interactions
    between these participants.
  • Distance Learning can most easily be understood
    when the teaching and learning process is viewed
    from a time and place perspective.

6
Distance Learning Quadrants
7
Concepts Industrial Age vs. Information
Age
  • Grade Levels
  • Covering the Content
  • Norm-referenced
  • Non-authentic
  • Group-based content
  • Adversarial
  • Classrooms
  • Teacher
  • Rote Memorization
  • Books
  • Continuous Progress
  • Outcomes-based Learning
  • Individualized Testing
  • Performance-based Assessment
  • Personal Learning Plans
  • Cooperative Learning
  • Learning Centers Virtual Communities
  • Coach/Facilitator
  • Creative Critical Thinking
  • Multimedia Technologies

8
Our Audiences
  • K-12
  • Undergraduate/Community College
  • Graduate Students
  • Seniors
  • Health Care
  • Workforce Development
  • Partnering

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10
Role of Technology
  • Allows the separation of instructor and learner
  • Can be a cognitive tool
  • Tool that enhances powers of thinking,
    problem-solving, learning
  • Written language, mathematical notation,
    scientific method are others
  • Frames what is possible

11
Interactive Technologies
  • Email, Chat
  • Threaded Discussion
  • Online Courses
  • Interactive Video Satellite, ATM, Internet-II ,
    Streaming, Cached
  • Tools, Simulations

12
K12 Resources
3D Insects
13
Seven Driving Principles of the New Age in
Education
  • Technologyis here to stay. From student
    motivation to professional development, for the
    first time in history, technology is affecting
    every aspect of education.
  • Contentis key. Top-quality, interactive,
    Web-based learning programs are essential to
    ensuring that all students -- children and adults
    -- can receive the best educational content
    anytime, anywhere.
  • Distancehas disappeared. Now educators and
    students can connect instantly with peers and
    experts all over the globe.
  • Timeis crumbling. In a world of instantaneous
    connection, there is a high value on the ability
    to teach and learn in real time.

14
Seven Driving Principles of the New Age in
Education
  • Communityis power. The strength of a worldwide
    education community is the prime factor driving
    the New Age in Education.
  • Standardsare rising. The rapidly growing K-12
    standards movement is leading to a pronounced
    impact on equity in education.
  • Expectationsare increasing. Students and parents
    expect Web-based content, online digital
    libraries, and mainly, a league of educators
    prepared to use the best of these technologies to
    teach our children.

15
Undergraduate/Community College
  • Nursing
  • Business
  • Compressed Video Courses
  • Online Business Degree
  • Community College
  • Web and CBT Statewide IT Curriculum
  • Web Based General Education
  • Internet Specialization
  • SatNet
  • HEITV

16
Graduate Studies
  • Special Education
  • Teacher Training
  • Business
  • Education Leadership Online Degree
  • Counseling
  • Technology Management

17
Health Care
  • Rural Health Sites - WVRHEP
  • Learning Resource Centers (19 in rural
    clinics/hospitals)
  • CME, Diagnostic Support, Drug Information,
    Clinical cases
  • Patients
  • Community Wellness
  • Forensics Training
  • Compressed Video
  • RuralNet
  • Interactive Patient
  • Telemedicine
  • Regional Jails and Prisons

18
New Economy
Innovation
Infrastructure
Technology
Digitization
Workforce
Collaboration
Digital Economy
19
HIGHER INCOMES LINK TO EDUCATION
20
The Knowledge Explosion Growth of Scientific
Knowledge to the Year 2000
... 80 60 40 20 0
8000 1800 1900 1950 2000 2020 B.C.
A.D. est.
Fortune Chart/Source Bruce Merrifield, Wharton
School
21
Workforce Skill-Needs vs. Academic Preparation
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22
Workforce Development and Training
D C E Job
  Degree Certification Experience Job
23
Workforce Development
  • Computer Based Training via the Internet
  • Higher Education Statewide Contract
  • Skill-based Learning
  • Statewide Community College Information
    Technology Curriculum
  • Cisco Academies
  • Robert C. Byrd Flexible Manufacturing

24
Partnering
  • K-12
  • Dual Credit
  • Web Based IT Curriculum
  • College Credit
  • Video Linkages (Spring Valley High School)
  • Cisco Networking Academies
  • Microsoft Seniors Program
  • Southern Regional Electronic Campus of SREB
  • Advantage Valley for Economic Development

25
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26
Online Computer Based Training (CBT)
27
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28
Responding to Our Audience
  • Location of Audience
  • Colleges and Universities
  • Home
  • Library (school and public)
  • Work
  • Centers
  • Schools
  • Multiple Sites
  • Skill Base of Audience
  • Graduate
  • Workforce
  • Resources
  • Library
  • Online Book Store
  • Web and Telephone Registration

29
Changing the Student Service Model
  • Web Access to Resources
  • Registration
  • Financial Aid
  • Bookstore
  • Student Records (Banner SIS Web)
  • Advising (Banner Faculty Web)
  • Library
  • Virtua Web Multimedia OPAC
  • Electronic Subscriptions
  • Electronic Document Delivery

30
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32
LATA Defined
  • LATA (Local Access and Transport Area) is a term
    in the U.S. for a geographic area covered by one
    or more local telephone companies, which are
    legally referred to as Local Exchange Carriers
    (LEC)
  • A connection between two local exchanges within
    the LATA is referred to as intraLATA.
  • A connection between a carrier in one LATA to a
    carrier in another LATA is referred to as
    interLATA.
  • InterLATA is long-distance service. The current
    rules for permitting a company to provide
    intraLATA or interLATA service (or both) are
    based on the Telecommunications Act of 1996.

33
What Are the Issue?
  • Technical
  • Financial

34
Exchange Carriers
  • Local eXchange Carriers (examples)
  • Bell Atlantic West Virginia
  • Citizens Telecom
  • Citizens Mountain State
  • Armstrong
  • Hardy Telephone Company
  • War Telephone Company
  • Inter eXchange Carrier (examples)
  • ATT
  • MCI
  • Sprint

35
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36
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38
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39
Bell Atlantic Intra LATA ATM Pricing
40
LATA Costs
 
41
Bandwidth
42
Possible Solutions
Central FundingBuild Fiber Link Across
LATAWireless Solution Microwave Change in
IXC Rules
43
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44
Modes of Delivery
  • Web/Internet/E-mail
  • Compressed Video
  • Satellite
  • Public Television
  • Combination of Modes

45
MU Online Courses
  • E-Course
  • 60 Currently Developed
  • 50 in Development
  • Programs in General Education, Internet
    Specialization, Business, Educational Leadership
  • 31 in SREC Spring 2000 (25 in Fall 1999)
  • WebCT Courses
  • 400 Currently Developed
  • 2000 Students

46
Online Courses
  • E-Courses T-Courses, WebCT Web-based IT
    Curriculum CBT
  • Over 5,600 students enrolled in courses the
    utilize WebCT
  • E-courses - totally Asynchronous (Anytime,
    Anywhere, Anyplace)
  • T-Course - Content totally Online, but 20 of
    time synchrounus interactions (chatroom at 800
    pm on Mondays, classroom meeting, video link
    meeting)
  • SREC Participation in SREC (31 courses for Spring
    2000)
  • Flashlight Technology Assessment (Student
    Inventory, Faculty Gap Analysis, Cost Model)

47
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48
Benefits to Students
  • The Electronic Campus increases students options
    dramatically. Courses not previously available
    where a student lives or at a time that was
    convenient may in fact now be available. Students
    in the most remote areas will have access to
    courses and programs that have not been readily
    available.
  • Students will have the confidence of knowing that
    the courses offered via the Electronic Campus are
    pledged to follow the Principles of Good
    Practice.
  • Students will be able to compare courses, methods
    of instruction, how courses are delivered and
    costs.
  • The Electronic Campus will provide a central
    point of information and an "orderly electronic
    marketplace amidst the chaos of a booming
    Internet."

49
Benefits to States
  • The Electronic Campus will provide the
    opportunity for more education for more citizens.
    The Electronic campus will increase access for
    students to needed information on educational
    courses and programs.
  • The Electronic Campus could allow states, through
    cooperative development, to jointly share in
    creating needed courses and programs - the
    "electronic wheel" will not have to be reinvented
    each time.
  • Areas previously isolated from the best of
    educational opportunities will no longer be cut
    off because of geography.
  • Quality educational programs available in any
    SREB state can be just as accessible to the
    students in all SREB states.
  • The Electronic Campus will provide increased
    economic development opportunities for all SREB
    states. Southern Regional Education Board states
    involved are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida,
    Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland,
    Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South
    Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and West
    Virginia.

50
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52
One Room School 2000Desktop Video
H.323
53
Marshall University One Room School -
2000Network Architecture
IntraNet Distributed Distance Network
(IDDEN)
ATM North
Juvenile Center
Point Pleasant
Point Pleasant
WVGC Charleston
Internet
ATM South
Univ. of Charleston
Marshall University
Marshall University
Huntington
LATA
Huntington
Wayne
Logan
Beckley
ATM
Bell Atlantic WV 2001 ATM Cloud
Vocational Ed Site
Williamson
Tier 1 OC-3 (155Mb/s)
ATM
Tier 2 DS-3 (45Mb/s)
Tier 3 DS-1 (1.54Mb/s)
T1
Logan
Beckley
Learning Cluster
Lab
Gilbert
MUGC South Charleston
Information Node
Hub
Bluefield
54
Compressed Video via ATM
  • These are regular, live, on-campus courses
    delivered to several sites in WV which feature
    interactive two-way video and audio communication
    via high speed telephone lines. Special
    classrooms have been constructed to provide
    state of the art facilities.
  • Locations
  • Huntington (5 classrooms)
  • South Charleston (2 plus 1 in Spring)
  • Point Pleasant (2 classrooms)
  • Beckley
  • Gilbert
  • SWVCTC
  • 1800 Students Annually

55
Origination Classrooms Feature
  • Automated Control System (AMX)
  • Instructor Student Cameras
  • Installed Computer /or Laptop Connection
  • VCR
  • Document Camera
  • White Boards (2 Rooms)
  • Light Pen
  • Printers, Fax Machines
  • Telephones

56
Larry Joe Harless Community Center at Gilbert, WV
  • Connected via ATM
  • Computer Lab
  • Web-based Courses
  • Workforce Development
  • Compressed Video
  • Desktop Video (H.323)

57
Connect to SWVCTC
  • Logan 2 classrooms
  • Williamson -- 2 classrooms
  • Saulsville
  • Madison
  • Hamlin
  • Pettus

58
MU RegionalCenters
Point Pleasant
Teays Valley
HUNTINGTON
SOUTH CHARLESTON
Logan
Beckley
Williamson
Bluefield
Gilbert
59
Satellite Delivery
  • SatNet - Satellite Network of West Virginia,
    allows academic departments to both originate
    graduate and undergraduate courses for the
    network and receive courses from other
    institutions. Course delivery features live
    one-way videoand two-way telephonecommunications
    . Some courses include E-mail, WebCT and other
    Internet components.

60
Satellite Network of WV
  • Consortium of 16 Public Institutions
  • 35 Graduate Undergraduate Courses Annually
  • 1500 Students Annual SatNet students
  • MU and MUGC Produce Courses for the Network
  • One-way Video and Two-way Audio
  • 400 Potential Receive Sites
  • Internet Features with WebCT

61
HEITV
  • West Virginia Higher Education Instruction
    Television consortium, Academic departments offer
    several courses each semester via public
    television stations in West Virginia. Students
    view the courses at home and then meet on campus
    a few times each semester for discussions and
    examinations.
  • Statistics
  • 18 Courses per Year
  • Enrollment 1600-1800 per year

62
MU Resources
  • Information Technology
  • Computing Serives
  • ITV
  • SatNet
  • Library
  • Instructional Technology
  • MUOnline for students and faculty
  • Links for all online courses
  • E-Course Policy
  • Resources

63
Other Online Resources
  • Annenbergs Top 10 Distance Learning Resources
    http//www.learner.org/edtech/distlearn/topten.htm
    l
  • Distance Ed at a Glance http//www.uidaho.edu/evo/
    distglan.html

64
Presentation Available atwww.marshall.edu/itc/k
12/k12distance.htm
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