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East and Southeast Asia

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Major mountain ranges are the Kunlun, the Qin Ling, and the Greater Khingan ranges ... Much of the Gobi desert is mountains. Only a small part is a sandy desert ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: East and Southeast Asia


1
Chapter 41
  • East and Southeast Asia

2
Chapter 41 - East and Southeast Asia
  • I. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY

3
I. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
  • A. Landforms

4
A. Landforms
  • East and SE Asia extends from
  • Myanmar in the southwest to Japan in
  • the northeast

5
A. Landforms
  • Russia is to the north and India is to
  • the southwest of the region

6
A. Landforms
  • The Indian Ocean is to the south
  • and the Pacific Ocean is to the east

7
A. Landforms
  • Volcanic islands lie to the south and east

8
A. Landforms
  • These islands form part of the Pacific Ring
  • of Fire

9
A. Landforms
  • This region contains the worlds largest
  • concentration of active volcanoes

10
A. Landforms
  • Rugged mountains, plateaus, and hills
  • dominate the region

11
A. Landforms
  • The Himalayan Mountains form a natural
  • boundary between East and South Asia

12
A. Landforms
  • Major mountain ranges are the Kunlun, the Qin
    Ling, and the Greater Khingan ranges

13
A. Landforms
  • Plateaus are very dry with extremely cold
  • winters

14
A. Landforms
  • The Tarim Basin is another major landform

15
A. Landforms
  • The Gobi desert is part of the plateau of
  • Mongolia

The Gobi occupies an arc of land 1,300,000 sq km
in area, making it one of the largest deserts
(2) in the world. Contrary to images often
associated with a desert, much of the Gobi is not
sandy but is covered with bare rock
16
A. Landforms
  • The regions
  • river valleys
  • are the most
  • densely
  • populated
  • places on
  • Earth

17
A. Landforms
  • Rivers provide water and fertile soil for
  • farming and are used for transportation

18
A. Landforms
  • The region has two of the worlds
  • longest rivers the Huang He (Yellow
  • River) in northern China (4 - 3395mi)

19
A. Landforms
  • and the Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) in
  • central China (3 3964 miles)

20
A. Landforms
  • Lowland areas include the North China
  • Plain, the Manchurian Plain, and the
  • Sichuan Basin

21
B. Climate
22
B. Climate
The region of East and SE Asia has a full range
of climate regions
23
B. Climate
  • The climates of areas outside the river
  • valleys and plains cannot support high
  • population density

24
B. Climate
  • The Gobi (2) and Taklimakan (8) deserts
  • have hot summers and bitterly cold winters

The Taklimakan Desert is one of the worlds
largest, (600 mi. E/W and 300 mi. N/S) The name
means "Who goes in, does not come out."
Much of the Gobi desert is mountains. Only a
small part is a sandy desert
25
B. Climate
  • Extreme and severe climates in the interior
  • and along the borders of Mongolia and
  • China are too cold for human settlement

View of the Himalaya Mountain Range from space
26
B. Climate
  • Other climates in the region include
  • humid-continental in northeastern China,
  • North Korea, and northern Japan

27
B. Climate
  • Humid-subtropical
  • climate in southern
  • Japan and China,
  • South Korea,
  • Taiwan

28
B. Climate
  • Humid-tropical climate on the western
  • islands of Indonesia and the coasts of
  • Southeast Asia

29
B. Climate
  • Tropical-savanna climate on some of the
  • islands of Indonesia and the interior of SE
  • Asia

30
C. Rainfall
  • Extremes of rainfall characterize much of
  • the region

Distribution of Annual Rainfall in Asia
1 equals 25.40mm
31
C. Rainfall
  • Much of the rainfall is seasonal due to the
  • monsoon system

The monsoon begins in late May, when southern
trade winds in the Indian Ocean push moist ocean
air northward. When they hit the coast in June,
they warm, rise and shed their moisture. The
rising air draws in more cool, moist air, causing
heavy rainfall over most of the country.
32
C. Rainfall
  • Winter months are dry and summer
  • months are humid and rainy

Seasonal reversal in the direction of the winds
over the Indian Ocean results in the occurrence
of rainy (monsoon) and dry season over South Asia
33
C. Rainfall
  • The island nations of the region receive
  • rain throughout the year
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