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Impending Crisis

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Emancipation Proclamation. Brooks vs. Sumner-1856 (Tensions Continued To Rise) ... Emancipation Proclamation (Effective 1/1/1863) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Impending Crisis


1
Impending Crisis Civil War
  • Key Terms
  • Brooks vs. Sumner
  • Dred Scott Decision
  • John Browns Raid
  • 1860 Election
  • Border States
  • Emancipation Proclamation
  • Crises
  • Fight
  • Scott
  • Harpers Ferry
  • Election
  • Candidates
  • Results
  • War (1861-65)
  • Fort Sumter
  • After

2
Brooks vs. Sumner-1856 (Tensions Continued To
Rise)
  • Senator Charles Sumner Representative Preston
    Brooks fought on the floor of the US Senate.

3
Dred Scott Case (1857)
Dred Scott (A Slave)
Resided in Illinois (free state) Wisconsin (a
territory made free by Congress) for many years.
He sued to obtain his freedom.
4
Dred Scott Decision (1857)
Chief Justice
  • Scott was not freed
  • Slaves ( all blacks) were denied citizenship
    rights slaves property
  • Congress cannot prohibit slavery anywhere (only
    states have this power)

Roger Taney (1777-1864)
5
Impact Of Dred Scott
  • Infuriated Northerners as they feared slavery
    could expand to new areas.
  • Demonstrated slavery was a NATIONAL problem not
    just Southern.

6
John Browns Raid (1859)
  • Brown was an abolitionist
  • Raided the federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, VA.
  • Goal Take munitions lead a slave rebellion
  • He was captured executed

1800-1859
7
John Browns Raid (1859)
Officer who led capture of Brown
Brown on trial
Robert E. Lee
8
Impact Of John Browns Raid
  • It made Southerners fearful that maybe ALL in the
    North were abolitionists.
  • A final straw?

9
1860 Election
Stephen Douglas (Northern Democrat)
  • Supported Popular Sovereignty

John Breckinridge (Southern Democrat)
  • Supported expansion of slavery into territories

Abraham Lincoln (Republican)
  • Allow slavery to remain where it already exists
    but no new expansion

John Bell (Constitutional Union)
  • Stood for Constitution, Union, enforcement of
    laws

10
Following Lincolns Victory
  • Seven states seceded (even before his
    inauguration)
  • Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia,
    South Carolina Florida

11
Fighting Begins
  • Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to fight for
    Union following attack on Fort Sumter (April,
    1861).
  • Four more Southern states seceded.
  • Virginia, North Carolina, Arkansas, Tennessee

12
Border States
  • Slave states which remained loyal to the Union.
  • Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland,
    Delaware

13
Emancipation Proclamation (Effective 1/1/1863)
  • Declared that slaves residing in states in
    rebellion against the Union were freed.
  • It did not free any slaves in the states that
    remained loyal to the Union.

1862
14
Results of the Civil War (1861-1865)
  • Slavery endedbut what about the newly freed
    slaves?
  • More than 600,000 Americans died
  • WWII 209 deaths per 100,000 (total pop)
  • Civil War 2,000 deaths per 100,000 (total pop)
  • Much of the South was destroyedhow would it be
    rebuilt?

15
Impending Crisis Civil War
  • Key Terms
  • Brooks vs. Sumner
  • Dred Scott Decision
  • John Browns Raid
  • 1860 Election
  • Border States
  • Emancipation Proclamation
  • Crises
  • Fight
  • Scott
  • Harpers Ferry
  • Election
  • Candidates
  • Results
  • War (1861-65)
  • Fort Sumter
  • After
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