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The Turbulent Years, 1960 1968

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JFK increases Social Security, establishes Peace Corps, and sets out on 'space race' ... Soviet Union erects Berlin Wall. Freedom Riders desegregate transportation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Turbulent Years, 1960 1968


1
CHAPTER 29
  • The Turbulent Years, 1960 - 1968

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2
I. Early Tests
  • JFK increases Social Security, establishes Peace
    Corps, and sets out on space race
  • First crisis occurs in failed overthrow of Castro
    at Cubas Bay of Pigs
  • Soviet Union erects Berlin Wall
  • Freedom Riders desegregate transportation
  • JFK sees economy as first priority

3
II. Social and Political Challenges
  • James Meredith enters University of Mississippi
  • Cuban Missile Crisis frightens world in October
    1962
  • Soviets build nuclear missile silos, and Kennedy
    orders them out
  • JFK holds hard line, and Soviets give in
  • Vietnam involves Kennedy and America

4
III. The Rights Revolution Early Steps
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. galvanizes civil rights
    movement
  • Birmingham boycotters gain sympathy of white
    Americans
  • March of Washington provides forum for MLKs I
    Have a Dream speech
  • Feminists also change country

5
IV. Tragedy and Transition
  • Kennedy assassination shocks nation
  • Lyndon Johnson replaces fallen president
  • LBJ accomplishes much in first months
  • LBJ wins landslide victory in 1964

6
The Election of 1964
7
V. The Great Society
  • Johnson declares war on poverty, with VISTA,
    Head Start, and food stamps
  • Medicare and Medicaid are created
  • Immigration laws are relaxed

8
VI. The Expanding War
  • Aiming for containment, Johnson sends American
    troops to Vietnam in 1965
  • University campuses erupt in anti-war protests

9
Vietnam War
10
VII. The Rights Revolution Center Stage
  • Major legislation improves civil rights
  • Watts riots shock nation in 1968
  • Black Muslims and Black Panthers arise as
    alternative to MLKs teachings
  • Feminists push for Equal Rights Amendment
  • Hippies and the counterculture refuse to get
    involved

11
The Struggle for the Equal Rights Amendment
12
VIII. A Divided Nation
  • Tet Offensive convinces many Americans Vietnam is
    lost cause
  • LBJ steps down, and Democrats jockey for
    nomination
  • Both Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy are
    assassinated
  • Democratic convention brings discord
  • Republicans choose Nixon, who wins narrow victory

13
Vietnam War
14
Election of 1968
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