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Ancient Greece

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Why would we not characterize them as typical pre-industrial communities? ... Ancient Greek Wrestlers. Sparta. Ca. 650 B.C.: Defeat of Messenians. Helots. Equals' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Greece


1
Ancient Greece
2
Questions
  • What made the city-states of Greece unusual?
  • Why would we not characterize them as typical
    pre-industrial communities?
  • How did the Greeks organize themselves to prevent
    one person from seizing control?
  • What were the strengths and weaknesses of the
    polis system?

3
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4
Chronology
  • Bronze Age (1600-1200 B.C.)
  • Dark Ages (1200-800 B.C.)
  • Archaic Period (800-479 B.C.)
  • Persian Wars
  • Marathon 490 B.C.
  • Salamis 480 B.C.
  • Plataea 479 B.C.
  • Classical Period (478-323 B.C.)
  • Age of Pericles (462-429 B.C.)
  • Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.)
  • Campaigns of Alexander 334-325 B.C.
  • Hellenistic Period (323-31 B.C.)

5
The Polis
  • Citizen vs. Peasant
  • Freedom and Equality
  • Assembly
  • Oligarchy
  • Competitive
  • Hoplite Phalanx
  • Olympic Games (776 B.C.)
  • Philosophy
  • Tragedy
  • Comedy

6
Hoplite Phalanx
7
Ancient Greek Wrestlers
8
Sparta
  • Ca. 650 B.C. Defeat of Messenians
  • Helots
  • Equals
  • 480-79 Persian Wars

9
The Persian Empire
10
Athens, Democracy, and Empire
  • Democracy
  • Rotation, Sortition, Election
  • The Navy and Democracy
  • The Age of Pericles (462-429)
  • Democracy and Empire
  • Public Building

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15
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16
The Weakness of the Polis
  • Peloponnesian War (431-404)
  • Philip of Macedon (r. 359-336)

Hoplite Battle Depicted on a Vase
17
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18
Alexander the Great (r. 336-323)
  • Persian Campaign 334-324 B.C.
  • Gaugamela (331 B.C.)
  • Hellenistic Age 323-31 B.C.
  • Ai Khanum

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Conclusions
  • The Greeks organized their community life so as
    to prevent one person from taking power
  • The polis was generally small in size, and each
    polis tended to feud with its neighbors
  • The Greeks also bequeathed to the world the value
    of freedom and the concept of democracy
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